Andrew Main (Zefram) > Authen-Passphrase > Authen::Passphrase::Crypt16

Download:
Authen-Passphrase-0.008.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

CPAN RT

New  1
Open  1
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 0.008   Source  

NAME ^

Authen::Passphrase::Crypt16 - passphrases using Ultrix crypt16 algorithm

SYNOPSIS ^

        use Authen::Passphrase::Crypt16;

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::Crypt16->new(
                salt_base64 => "qi",
                hash_base64 => "8H8R7OM4xMUNMPuRAZxlY.");

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::Crypt16->new(
                salt_random => 12,
                passphrase => "passphrase");

        $salt = $ppr->salt;
        $salt_base64 = $ppr->salt_base64_2;
        $hash = $ppr->hash;
        $hash_base64 = $ppr->hash_base64;

        $ppr0 = $ppr->first_half;
        $ppr1 = $ppr->second_half;

        if($ppr->match($passphrase)) { ...

DESCRIPTION ^

An object of this class encapsulates a passphrase hashed using the "crypt16" hash function found in Ultrix and Tru64. Do not confuse this with the "bigcrypt" found on HP-UX, Digital Unix, and OSF/1 (for which see Authen::Passphrase::BigCrypt). This is a subclass of Authen::Passphrase, and this document assumes that the reader is familiar with the documentation for that class.

This is a derivation of the original DES-based crypt function found on all Unices (see Authen::Passphrase::DESCrypt). The first eight bytes of the passphrase are used as a DES key to encrypt the all-bits-zero block through 20 rounds of (12-bit) salted DES. (The standard crypt function does this, but with 25 encryption rounds instead of 20.) Then the next eight bytes, or the null string if the passphrase is eight bytes or shorter, are used as a DES key to encrypt the all-bits-zero block through 5 rounds of salted DES with the same salt. The two eight-byte ciphertexts are concatenated to form the sixteen-byte hash.

A password hash of this scheme is conventionally represented in ASCII as a 24-character string using a base 64 encoding. The first two characters give the salt, the next eleven give the hash of the first half, and the last eleven give the hash of the second half. A hash thus encoded is used as a crypt string, on those systems where the crypt16 algorithm is part of crypt(), but the syntax clashes with that of bigcrypt. This module does not treat it as a crypt string syntax.

Because the two halves of the passphrase are hashed separately, it is possible to manipulate (e.g., crack) a half hash in isolation. See Authen::Passphrase::DESCrypt for handling of a single half.

Warning: This is a fatally flawed design, often providing less security than the plain DES scheme alone. Do not use seriously.

CONSTRUCTOR ^

Authen::Passphrase::Crypt16->new(ATTR => VALUE, ...)

Generates a new passphrase recogniser object using the crypt16 hash algorithm. The following attributes may be given:

salt

The salt, as an integer in the range [0, 4096).

salt_base64

The salt, as a string of two base 64 digits.

salt_random

Causes salt to be generated randomly. The value given for this attribute must be 12, indicating generation of 12 bits of salt. The source of randomness may be controlled by the facility described in Data::Entropy.

hash

The hash, as a string of 16 bytes.

hash_base64

The hash, as a string of 22 base 64 digits.

passphrase

A passphrase that will be accepted.

The salt must be given, and either the hash or the passphrase.

METHODS ^

$ppr->salt

Returns the salt, as a Perl integer.

$ppr->salt_base64_2

Returns the salt, as a string of two base 64 digits.

$ppr->hash

Returns the hash value, as a string of 16 bytes.

$ppr->hash_base64

Returns the hash value, as a string of 22 base 64 digits. This is the concatenation of the base 64 encodings of the two hashes, rather than a base64 encoding of the combined hash.

$ppr->first_half

Returns the hash of the first half of the passphrase, as an Authen::Passphrase::DESCrypt passphrase recogniser.

$ppr->second_half

Returns the hash of the second half of the passphrase, as an Authen::Passphrase::DESCrypt passphrase recogniser.

$ppr->match(PASSPHRASE)

This method is part of the standard Authen::Passphrase interface.

SEE ALSO ^

Authen::Passphrase, Authen::Passphrase::DESCrypt

AUTHOR ^

Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (C) 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012 Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>

LICENSE ^

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

syntax highlighting: