Andrew Main (Zefram) > Authen-Passphrase > Authen::Passphrase::SaltedDigest

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NAME ^

Authen::Passphrase::SaltedDigest - passphrases using the generic salted digest algorithm

SYNOPSIS ^

        use Authen::Passphrase::SaltedDigest;

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::SaltedDigest->new(
                algorithm => "SHA-1",
                salt_hex => "a9f524b1e819e96d8cc7".
                            "a04d5471e8b10c84e596",
                hash_hex => "8270d9d1a345d3806ab2".
                            "3b0385702e10f1acc943");

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::SaltedDigest->new(
                algorithm => "SHA-1", salt_random => 20,
                passphrase => "passphrase");

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::SaltedDigest->from_rfc2307(
                "{SSHA}gnDZ0aNF04BqsjsDhXAuEPGsy".
                "UOp9SSx6BnpbYzHoE1UceixDITllg==");

        $algorithm = $ppr->algorithm;
        $salt = $ppr->salt;
        $salt_hex = $ppr->salt_hex;
        $hash = $ppr->hash;
        $hash_hex = $ppr->hash_hex;

        if($ppr->match($passphrase)) { ...

        $userPassword = $ppr->as_rfc2307;

DESCRIPTION ^

An object of this class encapsulates a passphrase hashed using a generic digest-algorithm-based scheme. This is a subclass of Authen::Passphrase, and this document assumes that the reader is familiar with the documentation for that class.

The salt is an arbitrary string of bytes. It is appended to passphrase, and the combined string is passed through a specified message digest algorithm. The output of the message digest algorithm is the passphrase hash.

The strength depends entirely on the choice of digest algorithm, so choose according to the level of security required. SHA-1 is suitable for most applications, but recent work has revealed weaknesses in the basic structure of MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256, and all similar digest algorithms. A new generation of digest algorithms emerged in 2008, centred around NIST's competition to design SHA-3. Once these algorithms have been subjected to sufficient cryptanalysis, the survivors will be preferred over SHA-1 and its generation.

Digest algorithms are generally designed to be as efficient to compute as possible for their level of cryptographic strength. An unbroken digest algorithm makes brute force the most efficient way to attack it, but makes no effort to resist a brute force attack. This is a concern in some passphrase-using applications.

The use of this kind of passphrase scheme is generally recommended for new systems. Choice of digest algorithm is important: SHA-1 is suitable for most applications. If efficiency of brute force attack is a concern, see Authen::Passphrase::BlowfishCrypt for an algorithm designed to be expensive to compute.

CONSTRUCTORS ^

Authen::Passphrase::SaltedDigest->new(ATTR => VALUE, ...)

Generates a new passphrase recogniser object using the generic salted digest algorithm. The following attributes may be given:

algorithm

Specifies the algorithm to use. If it is a reference to a blessed object, it must be possible to call the "new" method on that object to generate a digest context object.

If it is a string containing the subsequence "::" then it specifies a module to use. A plain package name in bareword syntax, optionally preceded by "::" (so that top-level packages can be recognised as such), is taken as a class name, on which the "new" method will be called to generate a digest context object. The package name may optionally be followed by "-" to cause automatic loading of the module, and the "-" (if present) may optionally be followed by a version number that will be checked against. For example, "Digest::MD5-1.99_53" would load the Digest::MD5 module and check that it is at least version 1.99_53 (which is the first version that can be used by this module).

A string not containing "::" and which is understood by Digest->new will be passed to that function to generate a digest context object.

Any other type of algorithm specifier has undefined behaviour.

The digest context objects must support at least the standard add and digest methods.

salt

The salt, as a raw string of bytes. Defaults to the empty string, yielding an unsalted scheme.

salt_hex

The salt, as a string of hexadecimal digits. Defaults to the empty string, yielding an unsalted scheme.

salt_random

Causes salt to be generated randomly. The value given for this attribute must be a non-negative integer, giving the number of bytes of salt to generate. (The same length as the hash is recommended.) The source of randomness may be controlled by the facility described in Data::Entropy.

hash

The hash, as a string of bytes.

hash_hex

The hash, as a string of hexadecimal digits.

passphrase

A passphrase that will be accepted.

The digest algorithm must be given, and either the hash or the passphrase.

Authen::Passphrase::SaltedDigest->from_rfc2307(USERPASSWORD)

Generates a salted-digest passphrase recogniser from the supplied RFC2307 encoding. The scheme identifier gives the digest algorithm and controls whether salt is permitted. It is followed by a base 64 string, using standard MIME base 64, which encodes the concatenation of the hash and salt.

The scheme identifiers accepted are "{MD4}" (unsalted MD4), "{MD5}" (unsalted MD5), "{RMD160}" (unsalted RIPEMD-160), "{SHA}" (unsalted SHA-1), "{SMD5}" (salted MD5), and "{SSHA}" (salted SHA-1). All scheme identifiers are recognised case-insensitively.

METHODS ^

$ppr->algorithm

Returns the digest algorithm, in the same form as supplied to the constructor.

$ppr->salt

Returns the salt, in raw form.

$ppr->salt_hex

Returns the salt, as a string of hexadecimal digits.

$ppr->hash

Returns the hash value, in raw form.

$ppr->hash_hex

Returns the hash value, as a string of hexadecimal digits.

$ppr->match(PASSPHRASE)
$ppr->as_rfc2307

These methods are part of the standard Authen::Passphrase interface. Only passphrase recognisers using certain well-known digest algorithms can be represented in RFC 2307 form.

SEE ALSO ^

Authen::Passphrase, Crypt::SaltedHash

AUTHOR ^

Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (C) 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012 Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>

LICENSE ^

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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