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Michael T. Wolfinger > Bio-ViennaNGS > Bio::ViennaNGS::Expression

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NAME ^

Bio::ViennaNGS::Expression - An object oriented interface for computing read-count based gene expression as TPM or RPKM

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Bio::ViennaNGS::Expression;

  my $expression = Bio::ViennaNGS::Expression->new();

  # parse read counts from an extended BED12 file
  $expression->parse_readcounts_bed12("$bed12");

  # compute normalized expression of ith sample in Transcript per
  # Million (TPM)
  $expression->computeTPM($i, $readlength);

  # compute normalized expression of ith sample in Reads per Kilobase
  # per Million Reads (RPKM)
  $expression->computeRPKM($i);

  # write extended BED12 file with normalized expression in TPM for
  # each condition past the 12th column
  $expression->write_expression_bed12("TPM", $dest, $basename);

DESCRIPTION ^

This module provides a Moose interface for computation of gene / transcript expression from read counts.

METHODS ^

parse_readcounts_bed12

Title : parse_readcounts_bed12

Usage : $obj->parse_readcounts_bed12($file);

Function : Parses a bedtools multicov (multiBamCov) file, i.e. an extended BED12 file, into an Array of Hash of Hashes data structure (@{$self->data}).

Args : $file is the input file, i.e. and extended BED12 file where each column past the 12th lists read counts for this bedline's feature(s) for a specific sample/condition.

Returns :

Notes : This method evaluates the number of samples/conditions present in the input, i.e. the number of columns extending the canonical BED12 columns in the input multicov file and populates $self->conds. Also populates $self->nr_features with the number of genes/features present in the input (evidently, this should be the same for each sample/condition in the input).

computeTPM

Title : computeTPM

Usage : $obj->computeTPM($sample, $readlength);

Function : Computes expression values of each gene/feature present in $self->data in Transcript per Million (TPM) [Wagner et.al. Theory Biosci. (2012)]. $self->data is a reference to a Hash of Hashes data strqucture where keys are feature names and values hold a hash that must at least contain length and raw read counts. Practically, $featCount_sample is represented by _one_ element of @featCount, which is populated from a multicov file by parse_multicov().

Args : $sample is the sample index of @{$self->data}. This is especially handy if one is only interested in computing normalized expression values for a specific sample, rather than all samples in multicov BED12 file. $readlength is the read length of the RNA-seq sequencing experiment.

Returns : Returns the mean TPM of the processed sample, which is invariant among samples. (TPM models relative molar concentration and thus fulfills the invariant average criterion.)

computeRPKM

Title : computeRPKM

Usage : $obj->computeRPKM($sample);

Function : Computes expression values of each gene/feature present in $self->data in Reads per Kilobase per Million Reads (RPKM). $self->data is a reference to a Hash of Hashes data structure where keys are feature names and values hold a hash that must at least contain length and raw read counts.

Returns: Returns the mean RPKM of the processed sample.

write_expression_bed12

Title : write_expression_bed12

Usage : $obj->write_expression_bed12($measure,$dest,$basename);

Function : Writes normalized expression data to a bedtools multicov (multiBamCov)-type BED12 file.

Args : $measure specifies the type in which normalized expression data from @{$self->data} is dumped. Allowed values are 'TPM' and 'RPKM'. Corresponding TPM/RPKM values must have been computed and inserted into @{self->data} beforehand by $self->computeTPM() and $self->computeRPKM(), respectively. $dest and $base_name give path and base name of the output file, respectively.

Returns : None. The output is a position-sorted extended BED12 file.

DEPENDENCIES ^

Moose
Carp
Path::Class
namespace::autoclean

SEE ALSO ^

Bio::ViennaNGS
Bio::ViennaNGS::Bed
Bio::ViennaNGS::Util

AUTHOR ^

Michael T. Wolfinger, <michael@wolfinger.eu>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) 2015-2017 by Michael T. Wolfinger

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.10.0 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.

This software is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

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