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Christopher Fields > BioPerl-Run > Bio::DB::SoapEUtilities::Result



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Bio::DB::SoapEUtilities::Result - Accessor object for SoapEUtilities results


 $fac = Bio::DB::SoapEUtilities->new();
 $result = $fac->esearch( -db => 'gene', -term => 'hedgehog')->run;
 $count = $result->count; # case important; $result->Count could be arrayref
 @ids = $result->ids;


This module attempts to make Entrez Utilities SOAP responses as user-friendly and intuitive as possible. These responses can be complex structures with much useful data; but users will generally desire the values of some key fields. The Result object provides access to all response values via systematically named accessor methods, and commonly used values as convenience methods. The 'raw' SOAP message (a SOAP::SOM object as returned by SOAP::Lite) is also provided.

Convenience accessors

If a list of record ids is returned by the call, ids() will return these as an array reference:

 @seq_ids = $result->ids;

The total count of returned records is provided by count():

 $num_recs = $result->count;

If usehistory was specified in the SOAP call, the NCBI-assigned web environment (that can be used in future calls) is available in webenv, and the query key assigned to the result in query_key:

 $next_result = $fac->efetch( -WebEnv => $result->webenv, 
                              -QueryKey => $result->query_key );
Walking the response

This module uses AUTOLOAD to provide accessor methods for all response data. Here is an example of a SOAP response as returned by a method() call off the SOAP::SOM object:

    DB<5> x $result->som->method
 0  HASH(0x2eac9a4)
    'Count' => 148
    'IdList' => HASH(0x4139578)
      'Id' => 100136227
    'QueryKey' => 1
    'QueryTranslation' => 'sonic[All Fields] AND hedgehog[All Fields]'
    'RetMax' => 20
    'RetStart' => 0
    'TranslationSet' => ''
    'TranslationStack' => HASH(0x4237b4c)
       'OP' => 'GROUP'
       'TermSet' => HASH(0x42c43bc)
          'Count' => 2157
          'Explode' => 'Y'
          'Field' => 'All Fields'
          'Term' => 'hedgehog[All Fields]'
    'WebEnv' => 'NCID_1_150423569_130.14.22.101_9001_1262703782'

Some of the data values here (at the tips of the data structure) are actually arrays of values ( e.g., the tip IdList = Id> ), other tips are simple scalars. With this in mind, Result accessor methods work as follows:

Data values (at the tips of the response structure) are acquired by calling a method with the structure keys separated by underscores (if necessary):

 $query_key = $result->QueryKey; # $query_key == 1
 $ids = $result->IdList_Id;      # @$ids is an array of record ids

Data sets below a particular node in the response structure can also be obtained with similarly constructed method names. These 'internal node accessors' return a hashref, containing all data leaves below the node, keyed by the accessor names:

    $data_hash = $result->TranslationStack
    DB<3> x $data_hash
 0  HASH(0x43569d4)
    'TranslationStack_OP' => ARRAY(0x42d9988)
       0  'AND'
       1  'GROUP'
    'TranslationStack_TermSet_Count' => ARRAY(0x4369c64)
       0  148
       1  148
       2  2157
    'TranslationStack_TermSet_Explode' => ARRAY(0x4368998)
       0  'Y'
       1  'Y'
    'TranslationStack_TermSet_Field' => ARRAY(0x4368260)
       0  'All Fields'
       1  'All Fields'
    'TranslationStack_TermSet_Term' => ARRAY(0x436c97c)
       0  'sonic[All Fields]'
       1  'hedgehog[All Fields]'

Similarly, the call $result-TranslationStack_TermSet > would return a similar hash containing the last 4 elements of the example hash above.

Creating accessors is somewhat costly, especially for fetch responses which can be deep and complex (not unlike BioPerl developers). Portions of the response tree can be ignored by setting -prune_at_node to a arrayref of nodes to skip. Nodes should be specified in SOAP::SOM format, e.g.

 ...::Result->new( -prune_at_nodes => ['//GBSeq_references'] );

Accessor creation can be skipped altogether by passing -no_parse = 1> to the Result constructor. This is recommended if a result is being passed to a Bio::DB::SoapEUtilities::FetchAdaptor. The original SOAP message with all data is always available in $result-som>.

Other methods


An array of available data accessor names. This contains only the data "tips". The internal node accessors are autoloaded.


True if no SOAP fault.


Returns the SOAP fault error string.


The original SOAP::SOM message.


The EUtility associated with the result.


Mailing Lists

User feedback is an integral part of the evolution of this and other Bioperl modules. Send your comments and suggestions preferably to the Bioperl mailing list. Your participation is much appreciated.                  - General discussion  - About the mailing lists


Please direct usage questions or support issues to the mailing list:

rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem with code and data examples if at all possible.

Reporting Bugs

Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track of the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via the web:

AUTHOR - Mark A. Jensen ^

Email maj -at- fortinbras -dot- us


The rest of the documentation details each of the object methods. Internal methods are usually preceded with a _


 Title   : parse_methods
 Usage   : 
 Function: parse out the accessor methods
 Returns : self (Result object)
 Args    : $alias_hash (hashref), $prune_at_nodes (scalar or arrayref)


 Title   : util
 Usage   : 
 Function: Name of the utility producing this result object.
 Returns : scalar string
 Args    : 


 Title   : som
 Usage   : 
 Function: get the original SOAP::SOM object
 Returns : a SOAP::SOM object
 Args    : none


 Title   : ok
 Usage   : 
 Returns : true if no SOAP fault
 Args    : 


 Title   : errstr
 Usage   : 
 Returns : fault string of SOAP object
 Args    : none


 Title   : accessors
 Usage   : 
 Function: get the list of created accessors for this
 Returns : array of scalar strings
 Args    : none
 Note    : does not include valid AUTOLOADed accessors; see


 Title   : webenv
 Usage   : 
 Function: contains WebEnv key referencing this
           result's session
 Returns : scalar
 Args    : none


 Title   : query_key()
 Usage   : 
 Function: contains the web query key assigned
           to this result
 Returns : scalar
 Args    : 


 Title   : fetch_type
 Usage   : 
 Function: Get the efetch database name according to WSDL
 Returns : scalar string (db name) or undef if N/A
 Args    : none
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