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Stephen Cardie > CGI-Application-Plugin-Config-Std > CGI::Application::Plugin::Config::Std



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Module Version: 1.003   Source  


CGI::Application::Plugin::Config::Std - Add Config::Std support to CGI::Application


version 1.003


in your CGI::Application-based module

        use CGI::Application::Plugin::Config::Std;

    sub cgiapp_init {
          my $self = shift;
          #set my config file

          #do other stuff

        #later on in a run mode
        sub run_mode1 {
          my $self = shift;

          #just get a single parameter from my config file
          my $value = $self->config_param('my_param');

          #get a parameter in a block (if using ini style files)
          $value = $self->config_param('my_block.my_param');

          #the entire config hash reference
          my $config_vars = $self->config_param();

          #get my Config::Simple object for direct access
          my $config = $self->config;


This module acts as a plugin for Config::Std to be used within a CGI::Application module.

Three methods are exported into your CGI::Application module and they are described below.

This module borrows the lazy loading idea from Cees Hek's CGI::Application::Plugin::Session module. Much of the code and tests are borrowed from CGI::Application::Plugin:::Config::Simple by Michael Peters. The three-signature behaviour of config() is also borrowed from Michael's implementation.

This module is hosted on github:


CGI::Application::Plugin::Config::Std - Add Config::Std support to CGI::Application



This method acts as an accessor/mutator for configuration variables coming from the configuration file.

This method will behave in three different ways depending on how many parameters it is passed:

 - zero parameters: Config::Std::Hash object returned.
 - one parameters: assumed to be config lookup.  Will return value associated
with parameter, or undef if none exists.  Note that 'dot' notation parameters
are supported, e.g. $self->config_param('') will be translated to
something like $conf->{foo}{bar}.
 - more than 1 parameter: treated as name/value pairs. Returns true if successful.  The same 'dot notation'
is supported as per a single paremeter.  Existing config params will be
over-written by this form of the method call.
        #get the complete config  object.  This is the same as calling
        my $config_hash = $self->config_param();
        #just get one config value
        my $value = $self->config_param($parameter);
        #set multiple config values
        my $success = $self->config_param(param1 => $value1, param2 => $value2);

Failing to set the name of the configuration file either using the config_file() method or the CGIAPP_CONFIG_FILE environment variable before calling this method it will generate a fatal exception.


This method writes the current contents of the configuration object back to the config file (possibly a different one to that from which the config was read).

Returns the current configuration object on success. A fatal exception is raised if the write fails.

This method is potentially dangerous, so is not exported by default.


This method will return the underlying Config::Std object for more direct use by your application.

Failing to set the name of the configuration file either using the config_file() method or the CGIAPP_CONFIG_FILE environment variable before calling this method or it raise a fatal exception.

        my $conf = $self->config();


Get/set the name of the current config file or change/initialize it.

This method must be called to initialize the name of the config file before any call can be made to either config() or config_param() unless the 'CGIAPP_CONFIG_FILE' environment variable has been set.

If this environment variable is set it will be used as the initial value of the config file. This is useful if we are running in a mod_perl environment when can use a statement like this in your httpd.conf file:

        PerlSetEnv  CGIAPP_CONFIG_FILE  /path/to/my/conf

It is typical to set the name of the config file in the cgiapp_init() phase of your application.

If a value is passed as a parameter then the config file with that name is used. It will always return the name of the current config file.

        #get the value of the CGIAPP_CONFIG_FILE environment variable (if there is one)
        #since we haven't set the config file's name with config_file() yet.
        my $file_name = $self->config_file();
        #set the config file's name
        #get the name of the config file
        $file_name = $self->config_file();


The CGI::Application object is implemented as a hash and we store the variables used by this module's methods inside of it as a hash named __CONFIG_STD. If you use any other CGI::Application plugins there would be problems if they also used $self->{__CONFIG_STD} but in practice this should never actually happen.


The implementation, tests and documentation are heavily based on Michael Peters' CGI::Application::Plugin::Config::Simple.



Please use github for bug reports:


Stephen Cardie <>


This software is copyright (c) 2011 by Stephen Cardie.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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