Paul Evans > Devel-MAT > Devel::MAT::SV

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NAME ^

Devel::MAT::SV - represent a single SV from a heap dump

DESCRIPTION ^

Objects in this class represent individual SV variables found in the arena during a heap dump. Actual types of SV are represented by subclasses, which are documented below.

COMMON METHODS ^

type

   $type = $sv->type

Returns the major type of the SV. This is the class name minus the Devel::MAT::SV:: prefix.

desc

   $desc = $sv->desc

Returns a string describing the type of the SV and giving a short detail of its contents. The exact details depends on the SV type.

desc_addr

   $desc = $sv->desc_addr

Returns a string describing the SV as with desc and giving its address in hex. A useful way to uniquely identify the SV when printing.

addr

   $addr = $sv->addr

Returns the address of the SV

refcnt

   $count = $sv->refcnt

Returns the SvREFCNT reference count of the SV

refcount_adjusted

   $count = $sv->refcount_adjusted

Returns the reference count of the SV, adjusted to take account of the fact that the SvREFCNT value of the backrefs list of a hash or weakly-referenced object is artificially high.

blessed

   $stash = $sv->blessed

If the SV represents a blessed object, returns the stash SV. Otherwise returns undef.

size

   $size = $sv->size

Returns the (approximate) size in bytes of the SV

magic

   ( $type, $sv, $type, $sv, ... ) = $sv->magic

Returns a pair list of magic applied to the SV; each giving the type and target SV.

backrefs

   $av_or_rv = $sv->backrefs

Returns backrefs SV, which may be an AV containing the back references, or if there is only one, the REF SV itself referring to this.

outrefs

   @refs = $sv->outrefs

Returns a list of Reference objects for each of the SVs that this one refers to, either directly by strong or weak reference, indirectly via RV, or inferred by Devel::MAT itself.

Each object is a structure of three fields:

name => STRING

A human-readable string for identification purposes.

strength => "strong"|"weak"|"indirect"|"inferred"

Identifies what kind of reference it is. strong references contribute to the refcount of the referrant, others do not. strong and weak references are SV addresses found directly within the referring SV structure; indirect and inferred references are extra return values added here for convenience by examining the surrounding structure.

sv => SV

The referrant SV itself.

outrefs_strong

   @refs = $sv->outrefs_strong

Returns the subset of outrefs that are direct strong references.

outrefs_weak

   @refs = $sv->outrefs_weak

Returns the subset of outrefs that are direct weak references.

outrefs_direct

   @refs = $sv->outrefs_direct

Returns the subset of outrefs that are direct strong or weak references.

outrefs_indirect

   @refs = $sv->outrefs_indirect

Returns the subset of outrefs that are indirect references via RVs.

outrefs_inferred

   @refs = $sv->outrefs_inferred

Returns the subset of outrefs that are not directly stored in the SV structure, but instead inferred by Devel::MAT itself.

IMMORTAL SVs ^

Three special SV objects exist outside of the heap, to represent undef and boolean true and false. They are

Devel::MAT::SV::GLOB ^

Represents a glob; an SV of type SVt_PVGV.

file

line

location

   $file = $gv->file

   $line = $gv->line

   $location = $gv->location

Returns the filename, line number, or combined location (FILE line LINE) that the GV first appears at.

stash

   $stash = $gv->stash

Returns the stash to which the GV belongs.

scalar

array

hash

code

egv

io

form

   $sv = $gv->scalar

   $av = $gv->array

   $hv = $gv->hash

   $cv = $gv->code

   $gv = $gv->egv

   $io = $gv->io

   $form = $gv->form

Return the SV in the various glob slots.

Devel::MAT::SV::SCALAR ^

Represents a non-referential scalar value; an SV of any of the types up to and including SVt_PVMV (that is, IV, NV, PV, PVIV, PVNV or PVMG). This includes all numbers, integers and floats, strings, and dualvars containing multiple parts.

uv

   $uv = $sv->uv

Returns the integer numeric portion as an unsigned value, if valid, or undef.

iv

   $iv = $sv->iv

Returns the integer numeric portion as a signed value, if valid, or undef.

nv

   $nv = $sv->nv

Returns the floating numeric portion, if valid, or undef.

pv

   $pv = $sv->pv

Returns the string portion, if valid, or undef.

pvlen

   $pvlen = $sv->pvlen

Returns the length of the string portion, if valid, or undef.

qq_pv

   $str = $sv->qq_pv( $maxlen )

Returns the PV string, if defined, suitably quoted. If $maxlen is defined and the PV is longer than this, it is truncated and ... is appended after the containing quote marks.

ourstash

   $stash = $sv->ourstash

Returns the stash of the SCALAR, if it is an 'our' variable.

After perl 5.20 this is no longer used, and will return undef.

Devel::MAT::SV::REF ^

Represents a referential scalar; any SCALAR-type SV with the SvROK flag set.

rv

   $svrv = $sv->rv

Returns the SV referred to by the reference.

is_weak

   $weak = $sv->is_weak

Returns true if the SV is a weakened RV reference.

ourstash

   $stash = $sv->ourstash

Returns the stash of the SCALAR, if it is an 'our' variable.

Devel::MAT::SV::ARRAY ^

Represents an array; an SV of type SVt_PVAV.

is_unreal

   $unreal = $av->is_unreal

Returns true if the AvREAL() flag is not set on the array - i.e. that its SV pointers do not contribute to the SvREFCNT of the SVs it points at.

is_backrefs

   $backrefs = $av->is_backrefs

Returns true if the array contains the backrefs list of a hash or weakly-referenced object.

elems

   @svs = $av->elems

Returns all of the element SVs in a list

elem

   $sv = $av->elem( $index )

Returns the SV at the given index

Devel::MAT::SV::PADLIST ^

A subclass of ARRAY, this is used to represent the PADLIST of a CODE SV.

Devel::MAT::SV::PADNAMES ^

A subclass of ARRAY, this is used to represent the PADNAMES of a CODE SV.

padname

   $padname = $padnames->padname( $padix )

Returns the name of the lexical at the given index, or undef

padix_from_padname

   $padix = $padnames->padix_from_padname( $padname )

Returns the index of the lexical with the given name, or undef

Devel::MAT::SV::PAD ^

A subclass of ARRAY, this is used to represent a PAD of a CODE SV.

lexvars

   ( $name, $sv, $name, $sv, ... ) = $pad->lexvars

Returns a name/value list of the lexical variables in the pad.

Devel::MAT::SV::HASH ^

Represents a hash; an SV of type SVt_PVHV. The Devel::MAT::SV::STASH subclass is used to represent hashes that are used as stashes.

keys

   @keys = $hv->keys

Returns the set of keys present in the hash, as plain perl strings, in no particular order.

value

   $sv = $hv->value( $key )

Returns the SV associated with the given key

values

   @svs = $hv->values

Returns all of the SVs stored as values, in no particular order (though, in an order corresponding to the order returned by keys).

Devel::MAT::SV::STASH ^

Represents a hash used as a stash; an SV of type SVt_PVHV whose HvNAME() is non-NULL. This is a subclass of Devel::MAT::SV::HASH.

mro_linear_all

mro_linearcurrent

mro_nextmethod

mro_isa

   $hv = $stash->mro_linear_all

   $sv = $stash->mro_linearcurrent

   $sv = $stash->mro_nextmethod

   $av = $stash->mro_isa

Returns the fields from the MRO structure

value_code

   $cv = $stash->value_code( $key )

Returns the CODE associated with the given symbol name, if it exists, or undef if not. This is roughly equivalent to

   $cv = $stash->value( $key )->code

Except that it is aware of the direct reference to CVs that perl 5.22 will optimise for. This method should be used in preference to the above construct.

stashname

   $name = $stash->stashname

Returns the name of the stash

Devel::MAT::SV::CODE ^

Represents a function or closure; an SV of type SVt_PVCV.

stash

glob

file

line

scope

padlist

constval

oproot

depth

   $stash = $cv->stash

   $gv = $cv->glob

   $filename = $cv->file

   $line = $cv->line

   $scope_cv = $cv->scope

   $av = $cv->padlist

   $sv = $cv->constval

   $addr = $cv->oproot

   $depth = $cv->depth

Returns the stash, glob, filename, line number, scope, padlist, constant value, oproot or depth of the code.

location

   $location = $cv->location

Returns FILE line LINE if the line is defined, or FILE if not.

is_clone

is_cloned

is_xsub

is_weakoutside

is_cvgv_rc

is_lexical

   $clone = $cv->is_clone

   $cloned = $cv->is_cloned

   $xsub = $cv->is_xsub

   $weak = $cv->is_weakoutside

   $rc = $cv->is_cvgv_rc

   $lexical = $cv->is_lexical

Returns the CvCLONE(), CvCLONED(), CvISXSUB(), CvWEAKOUTSIDE(), CvCVGV_RC() and CvLEXICAL() flags.

protosub

   $protosub = $cv->protosub

Returns the protosub CV, if known, for a closure CV.

constants

   @svs = $cv->constants

Returns a list of the SVs used as constants or method names in the code. On ithreads perl the constants are part of the padlist structure so this list is constructed from parts of the padlist at loading time.

globrefs

   @svs = $cv->globrefs

Returns a list of the SVs used as GLOB references in the code. On ithreads perl the constants are part of the padlist structure so this list is constructed from parts of the padlist at loading time.

padname

   $padname = $cv->padname( $padix )

Returns the name of the $padix'th lexical variable, or undef if it doesn't have a name.

The returned padname is a structure of the following fields:

 $name = $padname->name

padix_from_padname

   $padix = $cv->padix_from_padname( $padname )

Returns the index of the first lexical variable with the given pad name, or undef if one does not exist.

padnames

   $padnames = $cv->padnames

Returns the AV reference directly which stores the pad names.

After perl version 5.20, this is no longer used directly and will return undef. The individual pad names themselves can still be found via the padname method.

pads

   @pads = $cv->pads

Returns a list of the actual pad AVs.

pad

   $pad = $cv->pad( $depth )

Returns the PAD at the given depth (given by 1-based index).

Devel::MAT::SV::IO ^

Represents an IO handle; an SV type of SVt_PVIO.

ifileno

ofileno

   $ifileno = $io->ifileno

   $ofileno = $io->ofileno

Returns the input or output file numbers.

AUTHOR ^

Paul Evans <leonerd@leonerd.org.uk>

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