Gerald Richter > Embperl > Embperl::Config

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NAME ^

Embperl::Config - Embperl configuration and calling

Operating-Modes ^

Embperl can operate in one of four modes:

mod_perl

The mostly used way is to use Embperl together with mod_perl and Apache. This gives the best performance and the most possibilities.

CGI/FastCGI

When you want to run Embperl on a machine that doesn't have mod_perl, you can run Embperl also as normal CGI script. Due to the overhead of CGI, this mode is much slower. To get a better performance you should consider using Embperl together with FastCGI. (http://www.fastcgi.com).

Offline

You can use Embperl also on the command line. This is useful for generating static content out of dynamic pages and can sometime be helpful for testing.

Call it from other Perl programs

If you have your own application and want to use Embperl's capbilities you can do so by calling Embperl::Execute. This allows you to build your own application logic and use Embperl possibilities for rendering content.

mod_perl

To use Embperl under mod_perl you must have installed Apache and mod_perl on your system. Then you add some directives to your httpd.conf to load Embperl and add Embperl as the PerlHandler. The following directives will cause all file with extetion epl to be handled by Embperl:

    PerlModule Embperl

    AddType text/html .epl

    <Files *.epl>
    SetHandler  perl-script
    PerlHandler Embperl
    Options     ExecCGI
    </files>

Another possibility is to have all files under a special location processed by Embperl:

    PerlModule Embperl

    Alias /embperl /path/to/embperl/eg

    <Location /embperl/x>
    SetHandler  perl-script
    PerlHandler Embperl
    Options     ExecCGI
    </Location>

In this setup you should make sure that non Embperl files like images doesn't served from this directory.

For mod_perl 2.0 you need addtionaly to load the dynamic object library of Embperl. This is necessary so Embperl is loaded early enough to register the configuration directives with Apache. After installing, search underneath your Perl site directory for the library. On Unix it is mostly called Embperl.so on Windows it is called Embperl.dll. Now add the following line to your httpd.conf before any of the Embperl configuration directives, but after mod_perl.so is loaded:

    LoadModule  embperl_module  /path/to/perl/site/lib/Embperl/Embperl.so

To use Embperl::Object you use the Embperl::Object as PerlHandler:

    <Location /foo>
        Embperl_AppName     unique-name
        Embperl_Object_Base base.htm
        Embperl_UriMatch    "\.htm.?|\.epl$"
        SetHandler          perl-script
        PerlHandler         Embperl::Object 
        Options             ExecCGI
    </Location>

Addtionaly you can setup other parameters for Embperl::Object. If you do so inside a container (like <Location, <Directory>, <Files>>) you need to set Embperl_AppName to a unique-name (the actual value doesn't matter). The Embperl_UriMatch makes sure that only files of the requested type are served by Embperl::Object, while all others are served by Apache as usual.

For more information see: "perldoc Embperl::Object".

Embperl accepts a lot of configuration directives to customize it's behaviour. See the next section for a description.

NOTE: If mod_perl is statically linked into Apache you can not use ClearModuleList in your httpd.conf

Preloading pages

To optimize memory usage you can preload your pages during the initialization. If you do so they will get loaded into the parent process and the memory will be shared by all child processes.

To let Embperl preload your files, you have to supply all the filename into the key preloadfiles of the hash %initparam, before you load Embperl.

Example:

  BEGIN 
    {
    $Embperl::initparam{preloadfiles} = 
        [
        '/path/to/foo.epl',
        '/path/to/bar.epl',
        { inputfile  => "/path/to/other.epl", input_escmode => 7 },
        ] ;
    }

  use Embperl ;

As you see for the third file, it is also possible to give a hashref and supply the same parameter like Execute accpets (see below).

NOTE: Preloading is not supported under Apache 1.3, when mod_perl is loaded as DSO. To use preloading under Apache 1.3 you need to compile mod_perl statically into Apache.

CGI/FastCGI

To use this mode you must copy embpcgi.pl to your cgi-bin directory. You can invoke it with the URL http://www.domain.xyz/cgi-bin/embpcgi.pl/url/of/your/document.

The /url/of/your/document will be passed to Embperl by the web server. Normal processing (aliasing, etc.) takes place before the URI makes it to PATH_TRANSLATED.

If you are running the Apache httpd, you can also define embpcgi.pl as a handler for a specific file extension or directory.

Example of Apache httpd.conf:

    <Directory /path/to/your/html/docs>
    Action text/html /cgi-bin/embperl/embpcgi.pl
    </Directory>

NOTE: Via CGI Scripts it maybe possible to bypass some of the Apache setup. To avoid this use Embperl_Allow to restrict access to the files, which should be processed by Embperl.

For Embperl::Object you have to use epocgi.pl instead of embpcgi.pl.

You can also run Embperl with FastCGI, in this case use embpfastcgi.pl as cgi script. You must have FCGI.pm installed.

Offline

Run Embperl from the comannd line use embpexec.pl on unix and embpexec.bat on windows:

embpexec.pl [options] htmlfile [query_string]

embpexec.bat [options] htmlfile [query_string]

htmlfile

The full pathname of the source file which should be processed by Embperl.

query_string

Optional. Has the same meaning as the environment variable QUERY_STRING when invoked as a CGI script. That is, QUERY_STRING contains everything following the first "?" in a URL. <query_string> should be URL-encoded. The default is no query string.

Options:

-o outputfile

Optional. Gives the filename to which the output is written. The default is stdout.

-l logfile

Optional. Gives the filename of the logfile. The default is /tmp/embperl.log on unix and \embperl.log on windows.

-d debugflags

Optional. Specifies the level of debugging (what is written to the log file). The default is nothing. See "EMBPERL_DEBUG" for exact values.

-t options

See "EMBPERL_OPTIONS" for option values.

-s syntax

Defines the syntax of the source. See See "EMBPERL_SYNTAX"

-p param

Gives a value which is passed in the @param array to the executed page. Can be given multiple times.

-f fdat value

Gives a name/value pair which is passed in the %fdat hash to the executed page. Can be given multiple times.

By calling Embperl::Execute (\%param)

Execute can be used to call Embperl from your own modules/scripts (for example from a Apache::Registry or CGI script) or from within another Embperl page to nest multiple Embperl pages (for example to store a common header or footer in a different file).

(See eg/x/Excute.pl for more detailed examples)

When you want to use Embperl::Object call Embperl::Object::Execute, when you want Embperl::Mail, call Embperl::Mail::Execute.

There are two forms you can use for calling Execute. A short form which only takes a filename and optional additional parameters or a long form which takes a hash reference as its argument.

  Execute($filename, $p1, $p2, $pn) ;

This will cause Embperl to interpret the file with the name $filename and, if specified, pass any additional parameters in the array @param (just like @_ in a Perl subroutine). The above example could also be written in the long form:

  Execute ({inputfile => $filename,
            param     => [$p1, $p2, $pn]}) ;

The possible items for hash of the long form are are descriped in the configuration section and parameter section.

EXAMPLES for Execute:

 # Get source from /path/to/your.html and
 # write output to /path/to/output'

 Embperl::Execute ({ inputfile  => '/path/to/your.html',
                     outputfile => '/path/to/output'}) ;


 # Get source from scalar and write output to stdout
 # Don't forget to modify mtime if $src changes

 $src = '<html><head><title>Page [+ $no +]</title></head>' ;

 Embperl::Execute ({ inputfile  => 'some name',
                     input      => \$src,
                     mtime      => 1 }) ;

 # Get source from scalar and write output to another scalar

 my $src = '<html><head><title>Page [+ $no +]</title></head>' ;
 my $out ;

 Embperl::Execute ({ inputfile  => 'another name',
                     input      => \$src,
                     mtime      => 1,
                     output     => \$out }) ;

 print $out ;


 # Include a common header in an Embperl page, 
 # which is stored in /path/to/head.html
 
 [- Execute ('/path/to/head.html') -]

Debugging

Starting with 2.0b2 Embperl files can debugged via the interactive debugger. The debugger shows the Embperl page source along with the correct linenumbers. You can do anything you can do inside a normal Perl program via the debugger, e.g. show variables, modify variables, single step, set breakpoints etc.

You can use the Perl interacive command line debugger via

    perl -d embpexec.pl file.epl  

or if you prefer a graphical debugger, try ddd (http://www.gnu.org/software/ddd/) it's a great tool, also for debugging any other perl script:

    ddd --debugger 'perl -d embpexec.pl file.epl'

NOTE: embpexec.pl could be found in the Embperl source directory

If you want to debug your pages, while running under mod_perl, Apache::DB is the right thing. Apache::DB is available from CPAN.

Configuration ^

Configuration can be setup in different ways, depending how you run Embperl. When you run under mod_perl, Embperl add a set of new configuration directives to the Apache configuration, so you can set them in your httpd.conf. When you run Embperl as CGI it takes the configuration from environment variables. For compatibility reason that can also be turned on under mod_perl, by adding Embperl_UseEnv on in your httpd.conf. When you call Embperl from another Perl program, by calling the Execute function, you can pass your configuration along with other parameters as a hash reference. If you pass use_env =&lt; 1 als parameter Embperl will also scan the environment for configuration information. Last but not least you can pass configuration information as options when you run Embperl via embpexec.pl from the command line. Some of the configuration options are also setable inside the page via the Empberl objects and you can read the current configuration from these objects.

You can not only pass configuration in different ways, there are also three different contexts: Application, Request and Component. A application describes a set of pages/files that belongs together and form the application. Application level configuration are the same for all files that belongs to an application. These configuration information need to be known before any request processing takes place, so they can't be modified during a request. Every application has it's own name. You can refer the configuration of an application, by simply setting the name of the application to use.

Request level configuration information applies to one request, some of them must be known before the request starts, some of them can still be modified during the request.

Configuration for components can be setup before the request, but can also be passed as argument when you call the component via Execute.

Embperl_Useenv

Env:

EMBPERL_USEENV

Method:

$application -> config -> use_env [read only]

Default:

off unless runing as CGI script

Since:

2.0b6

Tells Embperl to scan the enviromemt for configuration settings.

use_redirect_env

Method:

$application -> config -> use_redirect_env [read only]

Default:

off unless runing as CGI script

Since:

2.0b6

Tells Embperl to scan the enviromemt for configuration settings which has the prefix REDIRECT_. This is normally the case when the request is not the main request, but a subrequest.

Embperl_Appname

Env:

EMBPERL_APPNAME

Method:

$application -> config -> app_name [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Specifies the name for an application. The name is basicly used to refer to this application elsewhere in httpd.conf without the need to setup the parameters for the apllication again.

Embperl_App_Handler_Class

Env:

EMBPERL_APP_HANDLER_CLASS

Method:

$application -> config -> app_handler_class [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Embperl will call the init method of the given class at the start of the request, but after all request parameters are setup. This give the class a chance to do any necessary computation and modify the request parameters, before the request is actualy executed. See internationalization for an example.

Embperl_Session_Handler_Class

Env:

EMBPERL_SESSION_HANDLER_CLASS

Method:

$application -> config -> session_handler_class [read only]

Default:

Apache::SessionX

Since:

1.3b3

See also:

Session Handling

Set the class that performs the Embperl session handling. This gives you the possibility to implement your own session handling.

NOTE: Default until 1.3.3 was HTML::Embperl::Session, starting with 1.3.4 it is Apache::SessionX. To get the old session behaviour set it to HTML::Embperl::Session.

Embperl_Session_Args

Env:

EMBPERL_SESSION_ARGS

Method:

$application -> config -> session_args [read only]

Since:

1.3b3

See also:

Session Handling

List of arguments for Apache::Session classes Arguments that contains spaces can be quoted. Example:

  EMBPERL_SESSION_ARGS "DataSource=dbi:mysql:session UserName=www 'Password=secret word'"

Embperl_Session_Classes

Env:

EMBPERL_SESSION_CLASSES

Method:

$application -> config -> session_classes [read only]

Since:

1.3b3

See also:

Session Handling

Space separated list of object store and lock manager (and optionally the serialization and id generating class) for Apache::Session (see "Session handling")

Embperl_Session_Config

Env:

EMBPERL_SESSION_CONFIG

Method:

$application -> config -> session_config [read only]

Default:

given when running Makefile.PL of Apache::SessionX

Since:

1.3.3

See also:

Session Handling

Selects a session configuration from the configurations you have defined when running Apache::SessionX's Makefile.PL.

NOTE: Use either EMBPERL_SESSION_CONFIG or EMBPERL_SESSION_ARGS and EMBPERL_SESSION_CLASSES

Embperl_Cookie_Name

Env:

EMBPERL_COOKIE_NAME

Method:

$application -> config -> cookie_name [read only]

Default:

EMBPERL_UID

Since:

1.2b4

See also:

Session Handling

Set the name that Embperl uses when it sends the cookie with the session id.

Embperl_Cookie_Domain

Env:

EMBPERL_COOKIE_DOMAIN

Method:

$application -> config -> cookie_domain [read only]

Default:

none

Since:

1.2b4

See also:

Session Handling

Set the domain that Embperl uses for the cookie with the session id.

Embperl_Cookie_Path

Env:

EMBPERL_COOKIE_PATH

Method:

$application -> config -> cookie_path [read only]

Default:

none

Since:

1.2b4

See also:

Session Handling

Set the path that Embperl uses for the cookie with the session id.

Embperl_Cookie_Expires

Env:

EMBPERL_COOKIE_EXPIRES

Method:

$application -> config -> cookie_expires [read only]

Default:

at the end of the session

Since:

1.3b5

See also:

Session Handling

Set the expiration date that Embperl uses for the cookie with the session id. You can specify the full date or relativ values. The following forms are all valid times:

        +30s                              30 seconds from now
        +10m                              ten minutes from now
        +1h                               one hour from now
        -1d                               yesterday (i.e. "ASAP!")
        now                               immediately
        +3M                               in three months
        +10y                              in ten years time
        Thu, 25-Apr-1999 00:40:33 GMT     at the indicated time & date

Embperl_Cookie_Secure

Env:

EMBPERL_COOKIE_SECURE

Method:

$application -> config -> cookie_secure [read only]

Default:

at the end of the session

Since:

2.0b9

See also:

Session Handling

Set the secure flag of cookie that Embperl uses for the session id. If set the cookie will only be transferred over a secured connection.

Embperl_Log

Env:

EMBPERL_LOG

Method:

$application -> config -> log [read only]

Default:

Unix: /tmp/embperl.log Windows: /embperl.log

Gives the location of the log file. This will contain information about what Embperl is doing. The amount of information depends on the debug settings (see "EMBPERL_DEBUG" below). The log output is intended to show what your embedded Perl code is doing and to help debug it.

Embperl_Debug

Env:

EMBPERL_DEBUG

Method:

$application -> config -> debug

This is a bitmask which specifies what should be written to the log. To specify multiple debugflags, simply add the values together. You can give the value a decimal, octal (prefix 0) or hexadecimal (prefix 0x) value. You can also use the constants defined in Embperl::Constant. The following values are defined:

dbgStd = 1 (0x1)

Show minimum information.

dbgMem = 2 (0x2)

Show memory and scalar value allocation.

dbgEval = 4 (0x4)

Show arguments to and results of evals.

dbgEnv = 16 (0x10)

List every request's environment variables.

dbgForm = 32 (0x20)

List posted form data.

dbgInput = 128 (0x80)

Show processing of HTML input tags.

dbgFlushOutput = 256 (0x100)

Flush Embperl's output after every write. This should only be set to help debug Embperl crashes, as it drastically slows down Embperl's operation.

dbgFlushLog = 512 (0x200)

Flush Embperl's logfile output after every write. This should only be set to help debug Embperl crashes, as it drastically slows down Embperl's operation.

dbgLogLink = 8192 (0x2000)

This feature is not yet implemented in Embperl 2.0!

Inserts a link at the top of each page which can be used to view the log for the current HTML file. See also "EMBPERL_VIRTLOG".

Example:

    EMBPERL_DEBUG 10477
    EMBPERL_VIRTLOG /embperl/log.htm

    <Location /embperl/log.htm>
    SetHandler perl-script
    PerlHandler Embperl
    Options ExecCGI
    </Location>
dbgDefEval = 16384 (0x4000)

Shows every time new Perl code is compiled.

dbgHeadersIn = 262144 (0x40000)

Log all HTTP headers which are sent from and to the browser.

dbgShowCleanup = 524288 (0x80000)

Show every variable which is undef'd at the end of the request. For scalar variables, the value before undef'ing is logged.

dbgSession = 2097152 (0x200000)

Enables logging of session transactions.

dbgImport = 4194304 (0x400000)

Show how subroutines are imported in other namespaces.

dbgOutput = 0x08000

Logs the process of converting the internal tree strcuture to plain text for output

dbgDOM = 0x10000

Logs things related to processing the internal tree data structure of documents

dbgRun = 0x20000

Logs things related to execution of a document

dbgBuildToken = 0x800000

Logs things related to creating the token tables for source parsing

dbgParse = 0x1000000

Logs the parseing of the source

dbgObjectSearch = 0x2000000

Shows how Embperl::Objects seraches sourcefiles

dbgCache = 0x4000000

Logs cache related things

dbgCompile = 0x8000000

Gives information about compiling the parsed source to Perl code

dbgXML = 0x10000000

Logs things related to XML processing

dbgXSLT = 0x20000000

Logs things related to XSLT processing

dbgCheckpoint = 0x40000000

Logs things related to checkpoints which are internaly used during execution. This information is only useful if you have a deep knowledge of Embperl internals.

Embperl_Maildebug

Env:

EMBPERL_MAILDEBUG

Method:

$application -> config -> maildebug

Since:

1.2.1

Debug value pass to Net::SMTP.

Embperl_Mailhost

Env:

EMBPERL_MAILHOST

Method:

$application -> config -> mailhost

Default:

localhost

Specifies which host the mail related functions of Embperl uses as SMTP server.

Embperl_Mailhelo

Env:

EMBPERL_MAILHELO

Method:

$application -> config -> mailhelo

Default:

chosen by Net::SMTP

Since:

1.3b4

Specifies which host/domain all mailrealted function uses in the HELO/EHLO command. A reasonable default is normally chosen by Net::SMTP, but depending on your installation it may necessary to set it manualy.

Embperl_Mailfrom

Env:

EMBPERL_MAILFROM

Method:

$application -> config -> mailfrom

Default:

www-server@<server_name>

Since:

1.2.1

Specifies the email address that is used as sender all mailrelted function.

Embperl_Mail_Errors_To

Env:

EMBPERL_MAIL_ERRORS_TO

Method:

$application -> config -> mail_errors_to

If set all errors will be send to the email address given.

Embperl_Mail_Errors_Limit

Env:

EMBPERL_MAIL_ERRORS_LIMIT

Method:

$application -> config -> mail_errors_limit [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Do not mail more then <num> errors. Set to 0 for no limit.

Embperl_Mail_Errors_Reset_Time

Env:

EMBPERL_MAIL_ERRORS_RESET_TIME

Method:

$application -> config -> mail_errors_reset_time [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Reset error counter if for <sec> seconds no error has occured.

Embperl_Mail_Errors_Resend_Time

Env:

EMBPERL_MAIL_ERRORS_RESEND_TIME

Method:

$application -> config -> mail_errors_resend_time [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Mail errors of <sec> seconds regardless of the error counter.

Embperl_Object_Base

Env:

EMBPERL_OBJECT_BASE

Method:

$application -> config -> object_base [read only]

Default:

_base.epl

Since:

1.3b1

Name of the base page that Embperl::Objects searches for.

Embperl_Object_App

Env:

EMBPERL_OBJECT_APP

Method:

$application -> config -> object_app

Since:

2.0b6

Filename of the application object that Embperl::Object searches for. The file should contain the Perl code for the application object. There must be no package name given (as the package is set by Embperl::Object) inside the file, but the @ISA should point to Embperl::App. If set this file is searched through the same search path as any content file. After a successfull load the init method is called with the Embperl request object as parameter. The init method can change the parameters inside the request object to influence the current request.

Embperl_Object_Addpath

Env:

EMBPERL_OBJECT_ADDPATH

Method:

$application -> config -> object_addpath

Since:

1.3b1

Additional directories where Embperl::Object searches for pages.

This search through the searchpath is always performed if in a call to Execute no path for the file is given.

In httpd.conf or as evironment variable directories are separated by ; (on Unix : works also). The parameter for Execute and the application object method expects/returns an array reference. This path is always appended to the searchpath.

Embperl_Object_Reqpath

Env:

EMBPERL_OBJECT_REQPATH

Method:

$application -> config -> object_reqpath

Since:

2.0b12

Additional directories where Embperl::Object searches for files for the inital request.

If a file is requested, but cannot be found at the given location, the directories given in the this path are additionally searched for the file. This applies only to the initial filename given to Embperl::Object and not to files called via Execute.

In httpd.conf or as evironment variable directories are separated by ; (on Unix : works also). The parameter for Execute and the application object method expects/returns an array reference.

Example:

if you say

    Embperl_Object_Reqpath  /a:/b:/c

and you request

    /x/index.epl

it will try

    /x/index.epl
    /a/index.epl
    /b/index.epl
    /c/index.epl

and take the first one that is found.

Embperl_Object_Stopdir

Env:

EMBPERL_OBJECT_STOPDIR

Method:

$application -> config -> object_stopdir

Since:

1.3b1

Directory where Embperl::Object stops searching for the base page.

Embperl_Object_Fallback

Env:

EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK

Method:

$application -> config -> object_fallback

Since:

1.3b1

If the requested file is not found by Embperl::Object, the file given by EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK is displayed instead. If EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK isn't set a staus 404, NOT_FOUND is returned as usual. If the fileame given in EMBPERL_OBJECT_FALLBACK doesn't contain a path, it is searched thru the same directories as EMBPERL_OBJECT_BASE.

Embperl_Object_Handler_Class

Env:

EMBPERL_OBJECT_HANDLER_CLASS

Method:

$application -> config -> object_handler_class

Since:

1.3b1

If you specify this, the template base and the requested page inherit all methods from this class. This class must contain Embperl::Req in his @ISA array.

Embperl_Useenv

Env:

EMBPERL_USEENV

Method:

$request -> config -> use_env [read only]

Default:

off unless runing as CGI script

Since:

2.0b6

Tells Embperl to scan the enviromemt for configuration settings.

use_redirect_env

Method:

$request -> config -> use_redirect_env [read only]

Default:

off unless runing as CGI script

Since:

2.0b6

Tells Embperl to scan the enviromemt for configuration settings which has the prefix REDIRECT_. This is normally the case when the request is not the main request, but a subrequest.

Embperl_Allow

Env:

EMBPERL_ALLOW

Method:

$request -> config -> allow [read only]

Default:

no restrictions

Since:

1.2b10

If specified, only files which match the given perl regular expression will be processed by Embperl. All other files will return FORBIDDEN. This is especially useful in a CGI environment by making the server more secure.

Embperl_Urimatch

Env:

EMBPERL_URIMATCH

Method:

$request -> config -> urimatch [read only]

Default:

process all files

Since:

2.0b6

If specified, only files which match the given perl regular expression will be processed by Embperl, all other files will be handled by the standard Apache handler. This can be useful if you have Embperl documents and non Embperl documents (e.g. gifs) residing in the same directory.

 Example: 
 # Only files which end with .htm will processed by Embperl
 EMBPERL_URIMATCH \.htm$

Embperl_Multfieldsep

Env:

EMBPERL_MULTFIELDSEP

Method:

$request -> config -> mult_field_sep [read only]

Default:

\t

Since:

2.0b6

Specifies the character that is used to separate multiple form values with the same name.

Embperl_Path

Env:

EMBPERL_PATH

Method:

$request -> config -> path [read only]

Since:

1.3b6

Can contain a semicolon (also colon under Unix) separated file search path. When a file is processed and the filename isn't an absolute path or does not start with ./ (or .\ under windows), Embperl searches all the specified directories for that file.

A special handling is done if the filename starts with any number of ../ i.e. refers to an upper directory. Then Embperl strips the same number of entries at the start of the searchpath as the filename contains ../. Execute and the method of the request object expects/returns a array ref.

Embperl_Debug

Env:

EMBPERL_DEBUG

Method:

$request -> config -> debug

See application configuration for an describtion of possible values

Embperl_Options

Env:

EMBPERL_OPTIONS

Method:

$request -> config -> options

This bitmask specifies some options for the execution of Embperl. To specify multiple options, simply add the values together.

optDisableVarCleanup = 1

Disables the automatic cleanup of variables at the end of each request.

optDisableEmbperlErrorPage = 2

Tells Embperl not to send its own errorpage in case of failure, but instead show as much of the page as possible. Errors are only logged to the log file. Without this option, Embperl sends its own error page, showing all the errors which have occurred. If you have dbgLogLink enabled, every error will be a link to the corresponding location in the log file. This option has no effect if optReturnError is set.

optReturnError = 262144

With this option set, Embperl sends no output in case of an error. It returns the error back to Apache or the calling program. When running under mod_perl this gives you the chance to use the Apache ErrorDocument directive to show a custom error-document. Inside the ErrorDocument you can retrieve the error messages with

  $errors = $req_rec -> prev -> pnotes('EMBPERL_ERRORS') ;

where $errors is a array reference. (1.3b5+)

optShowBacktrace = 0x8000000

When set every error message not only show the sourcefiles, but all files from which this file was called by Execute.

Embperl_Output_Mode

Env:

EMBPERL_OUTPUT_MODE

Method:

$request -> config -> output_mode

Default:

HTML

Since:

2.0b9

Set the desired output format. 0 for HTML and 1 XML. If set to XML all tags that are generated by Embperl will contain a closing slash to conform to XML specs. e.g.

    <input type="text" name="foo" />

NOTE: If you set output_mode to XML you should also change escmode to XML escaping.

Embperl_Output_Esc_Charset

Env:

EMBPERL_OUTPUT_ESC_CHARSET

Method:

$request -> config -> output_esc_charset [read only]

Default:

ocharsetLatin1 = 1

Since:

2.0.2

Set the charset which to assume when escaping. This can only be set before the request starts (e.g. httpd.conf or top of the page). Setting it inside the page has undefined results.

ocharsetUtf8 = 0

UTF-8 or any non known charset. Characters with codes above 128 will not be escaped at all

ocharsetLatin1 = 1

ISO-8859-1, the default. When a Perl string has it's utf-8 bit set, this mode will behave the same as mode 0, i.e. will not escape anything above 128.

ocharsetLatin2 = 2

ISO-8859-2. When a Perl string has it's utf-8 bit set, this mode will behave the same as mode 0, i.e. will not escape anything above 128.

Embperl_Session_Mode

Env:

EMBPERL_SESSION_MODE

Method:

$request -> config -> session_mode [read only]

Default:

smodeUDatCookie = 1

Since:

2.0b6

Specifies how the id for the session data is passed between requests. Possible values are:

smodeNone = 0

No session id will be passed

smodeUDatCookie = 1

The session id for the user session will be passed via cookie

smodeUDatParam = 2

The session id for the user session will append as parameter to any URL and inserted as a hidden field in any form.

smodeUDatUrl = 4

The session id for the user session will passed as a part of the URL. NOT YET IMPLEMENTED!!

smodeSDatParam = 0x20

The session id for the state session will append as parameter to any URL and inserted as a hidden field in any form.

You may add the UDat and SDat values together to get both sorts of sessions, for example the value 0x21 will pass the id for the user session inside a cookie and the id for the state session as parameters.

Embperl_Useenv

Env:

EMBPERL_USEENV

Method:

$component -> config -> use_env [read only]

Default:

off unless runing as CGI script

Since:

2.0b6

Tells Embperl to scan the enviromemt for configuration settings.

use_redirect_env

Method:

$component -> config -> use_redirect_env [read only]

Default:

off unless runing as CGI script

Since:

2.0b6

Tells Embperl to scan the enviromemt for configuration settings which has the prefix REDIRECT_. This is normally the case when the request is not the main request, but a subrequest.

Embperl_Package

Env:

EMBPERL_PACKAGE

Method:

$component -> config -> package

The name of the package where your code will be executed. By default, Embperl generates a unique package name for every file. This ensures that variables and functions from one file do not conflict with those of another file. (Any package's variables will still be accessible with explicit package names.)

Embperl_Debug

Env:

EMBPERL_DEBUG

Method:

$component -> config -> debug

See application configuration for an describtion of possible values

Embperl_Options

Env:

EMBPERL_OPTIONS

Method:

$component -> config -> options

This bitmask specifies some options for the execution of Embperl. To specify multiple options, simply add the values together.

optDisableVarCleanup = 1

Disables the automatic cleanup of variables at the end of each request.

optDisableEmbperlErrorPage = 2

Tells Embperl not to send its own errorpage in case of failure, but instead show as much of the page as possible. Errors are only logged to the log file. Without this option, Embperl sends its own error page, showing all the errors which have occurred. If you have dbgLogLink enabled, every error will be a link to the corresponding location in the log file. This option has no effect if optReturnError is set.

optReturnError = 262144

With this option set, Embperl sends no output in case of an error. It returns the error back to Apache or the calling program. When running under mod_perl this gives you the chance to use the Apache ErrorDocument directive to show a custom error-document. Inside the ErrorDocument you can retrieve the error messages with

  $errors = $req_rec -> prev -> pnotes('EMBPERL_ERRORS') ;

where $errors is a array reference. (1.3b5+)

optShowBacktrace = 0x8000000

When set every error message not only show the sourcefiles, but all files from which this file was called by Execute.

optSafeNamespace = 4

Tells Embperl to execute the embedded code in a safe namespace so the code cannot access data or code in any other package. (See the chapter about "(Safe-)Namespaces and opcode restrictions" below for more details.)

optOpcodeMask = 8

Tells Embperl to apply an operator mask. This gives you the chance to disallow special (unsafe) opcodes. (See the Chapter about "(Safe-)Namespaces and opcode restrictions" below for more details.)

optDisableFormData = 256

This option disables the setup of %fdat and @ffld. Embperl will not do anything with the posted form data. Set this when using Execute from your perl script and you have already read the Form Data (via eg. CGI.pm).

optFormDataNoUtf8 = 0x2000000

By default Embperl checks all formfields in %fdat if they contain valid UTF-8 strings and if yes sets Perl's internals UTF-8 flag.

If this option is set Embperl will never set the UTF-8 on any data in %fdat.

optAllFormData = 8192

This option will cause Embperl to insert all formfields in %fdat and @ffld, even if they are empty. Empty formfields will be inserted with an empty string. Without this option, empty formfields will be absent from %fdat and @ffld.

optRedirectStdout = 16384

Redirects STDOUT to the Embperl output stream before every request and resets it afterwards. If set, you can use a normal Perl print inside any Perl block to output data. Without this option you can only use output data by using the [+ ... +] block, or printing to the filehandle OUT.

optNoHiddenEmptyValue = 65536 (only 1.2b2 and above)

Normally, if there is a value defined in %fdat for a specific input field, Embperl will output a hidden input element for it when you use hidden. When this option is set, Embperl will not output a hidden input element for this field when the value is a blank string.

optKeepSpaces = 1048576 (only 1.2b5 and above) = 0x100000,

Disable the removal of spaces and empty lines from the output. This is useful for sources other than HTML.

optChdirToSource = 0x10000000 (only 2.5 and above)

Change current working directory to the directory of the sourcefile, before executing the source.

Embperl_Escmode

Env:

EMBPERL_ESCMODE

Method:

$component -> config -> escmode

Default:

7

Turn HTML and URL escaping on and off.

NOTE: If you want to output binary data, you must set the escmode to zero.

For convenience you can change the escmode inside a page by setting the variable $escmode.

escXML = 8 (or 15) (2.0b4 and above)

The result of a Perl expression is always XML-escaped (e.g., `>' becomes `&gt;' and ' become &apos;).

escUrl + escHtml = 3 (or 7)

The result of a Perl expression is HTML-escaped (e.g., `>' becomes `&gt;') in normal text and URL-escaped (e.g., `&' becomes `%26') within of A, EMBED, IMG, IFRAME, FRAME and LAYER tags.

escUrl = 2 (or 6)

The result of a Perl expression is always URL-escaped (e.g., `&' becomes `%26').

escHtml = 1 (or 5)

The result of a Perl expression is always HTML-escaped (e.g., `>' becomes `&gt;').

escNode = 0

No escaping takes place.

escEscape = 4

If you add this value to the above Embperl will always perform the escaping. Without it is possible to disable escaping by preceding the item that normally is escaped with a backslash. While this is a handy thing, it could be very dangerous in situations, where content that is inserted by some user is redisplayed, because they can enter arbitrary HTML and preceed them with a backslash to avoid correct escaping when their input is redisplayed again.

NOTE: You can localize $escmode inside a [+ +] block, e.g. to turn escaping temporary off and output $data write

    [+ do { local $escmode = 0 ; $data } +]

Embperl_Input_Escmode

Env:

EMBPERL_INPUT_ESCMODE

Method:

$component -> config -> input_escmode [read only]

Default:

0

Since:

2.0b6

Tells Embperl how to handle escape sequences that are found in the source.

0

don't interpret input (default)

1

unescape html escapes to their characters (i.e. &lt; becomes < ) inside of Perl code

2

unescape url escapes to their characters (i.e. %26; becomes & ) inside of Perl code

3

unescape html and url escapes, depending on the context

Add 4 to remove html tags inside of Perl code. This is helpful when an html editor insert html tags like <br> inside your Perl code.

Set EMBPERL_INPUT_ESCMODE to 7 to get the old default of Embperl < 2.0b6

Set EMBPERL_INPUT_ESCMODE to 0 to get the old behaviour when optRawInput was set.

Embperl_Input_Charset

Env:

EMBPERL_INPUT_CHARSET

Method:

$component -> config -> input_charset

If set to the value "utf8" the source is interpreted as utf8 encoded so you can use utf8 literals. It has the same effect as adding "use utf8" to a normal Perl script.

Embperl_Top_Include

Env:

EMBPERL_TOP_INCLUDE

Method:

$component -> config -> top_include

Since:

2.0b10

Give a pieces of code that is include at the very top of every file.

Example:

    Embperl_Top_Include "use MY::Module;"

This will cause MY::Module to be used in every page. Note that Embperl_Top_Include must contain valid Perl code and must be ended with a semicolon.

NOTE: If you pass top_include as parameter to Execute it is only used in case the code is compiled (or recompiled) and not cached.

Embperl_Cache_Key

Env:

EMBPERL_CACHE_KEY

Method:

$component -> config -> cache_key [read only]

Since:

2.0b1

literal string that is appended to the cache key

Embperl_Cache_Key_Options

Env:

EMBPERL_CACHE_KEY_OPTIONS

Method:

$component -> config -> cache_key_options [read only]

Default:

all options set

Since:

2.0b1

Tells Embperl how to create a key for caching of the output

ckoptPathInfo = 2

include the PathInfo into CacheKey

ckoptQueryInfo = 4

include the QueryInfo into CacheKey

ckoptDontCachePost = 8

don't cache POST requests (not yet implemented)

Embperl_Expires_Func

Env:

EMBPERL_EXPIRES_FUNC

Method:

$component -> config -> expires_func [read only]

Since:

2.0b1

Function that is called every time before data is taken from the cache. If this funtion returns true, the data from the cache isn't used anymore, but rebuilt.

Function could be either a coderef (when passed to Execute), a name of a subroutine or a string starting with "sub " in which case it is compiled as anonymous subroutine.

NOTE: If &EXPIRES is defined inside the page, it get evaluated before the excecution of the page

Embperl_Cache_Key_Func

Env:

EMBPERL_CACHE_KEY_FUNC

Method:

$component -> config -> cache_key_func

Since:

2.0b1

function that should be called when build a cache key. The result is appended to the cache key.

Embperl_Expires_In

Env:

EMBPERL_EXPIRES_IN

Method:

$component -> config -> expires_in [read only]

Since:

2.0b1

Time in seconds that the output should be cached. (0 = never, -1 = forever)

NOTE: If $EXPIRES is set inside the page, it get evaluated before the excecution of the page

Embperl_Expires_Filename

Env:

EMBPERL_EXPIRES_FILENAME

Method:

$component -> config -> expires_filename [read only]

Since:

2.0b8

Cache should be expired when the given file is modified.

Embperl_Syntax

Env:

EMBPERL_SYNTAX

Method:

$component -> config -> syntax

Default:

Embperl

Since:

2.0b1

Used to tell Embperl which syntax to use inside a page. Embperl comes with the following syntaxes:

EmbperlHTML

all the HTML tags that Embperl recognizes by default

EmbperlBlocks

all the [ ] blocks that Embperl supports

Embperl

(default; contains EmbperlHtml and EmbperlBlocks)

ASP

<% %> and <%= %>, see perldoc Embperl::Syntax::ASP

SSI

Server Side Includes, see perldoc Embperl::Syntax::SSI

Perl

File contains pure Perl (similar to Apache::Registry), but can be used inside EmbperlObject

Text

File contains only Text, no actions are taken on the Text

Mail

Defines the <mail:send> tag, for sending mail. This is an example for a taglib, which could be a base for writing your own taglib to extent the number of available tags

POD

translates pod files to XML, which can be converted to the desired output format by an XSLT transformation

RTF

Can be used to process word processing documents in RTF format

You can get a description for each syntax if you type

    perldoc Embperl::Syntax::xxx

where 'xxx' is the name of the syntax.

You can also specify multiple syntaxes e.g.

    EMBPERL_SYNTAX "Embperl SSI"

    Execute ({inputfile => '*', syntax => 'Embperl ASP'}) ;

The 'syntax' metacommand allows you to switch the syntax or to add or subtract syntaxes e.g.

    [$ syntax + Mail $]

will add the Mail taglib so the <mail:send> tag is available after this line.

    [$ syntax - Mail $]

now the <mail:send> tag is unknown again

    [$ syntax SSI $]

now you can only use SSI commands inside your page.

Embperl_Recipe

Env:

EMBPERL_RECIPE

Method:

$component -> config -> recipe [read only]

Since:

2.0b4

Tells Embperl which recipe to use to process this component

Embperl_Xsltstylesheet

Env:

EMBPERL_XSLTSTYLESHEET

Method:

$component -> config -> xsltstylesheet [read only]

Since:

2.0b5

Tell the xslt processor which stylsheet to use.

Embperl_Xsltproc

Env:

EMBPERL_XSLTPROC

Method:

$component -> config -> xsltproc [read only]

Default:

depends on compiltime options

Since:

2.0b5

Tells Embperl which xslt processor to use. Current libxslt and xalan are supported by Embperl, but they must be compiled in to be available.

Parameters ^

Parameters gives addtionaly information about the current request or the execution of the current component. So we have two sorts of parameters Request and Component parameters. Request parameters are automatically setup by Embperl with information Embperl takes from the current running environment. When Embperl is invoked via the Execute function, you can pass any of the parameters to Execute. Component parameters mainly reflect the parameters given to Execute.

filename

Method:

$request -> param -> filename

Since:

2.0b6

Gives the filename of the file that was actualy requested. Inside of the applications init function it can be changed to force Embperl to serve a different file.

unparsed_uri

Method:

$request -> param -> unparsed_uri

Since:

2.0b6

The full unparsed_uri, includeing the query_string and the path_info.

uri

Method:

$request -> param -> uri

Since:

2.0b6

The decoded path of the unparsed_uri.

server_addr

Method:

$request -> param -> server_addr

Since:

2.0b9

URL of the server of the current request in the form schema://addr:port/ e.g. http://perl.apache.org/ (port is omitted if it is an default port)

path_info

Method:

$request -> param -> path_info

Since:

2.0b6

The path_info, that is anything in the path after the file the is currently served.

query_info

Method:

$request -> param -> query_info

Since:

2.0b6

Any parameters passed in a GET request after the question mark. The hash %fdat will contain these values in a already decoded and easy to use way. So it's normly more convenient to use %fdat instead.

language

Method:

$request -> param -> language

Since:

2.0b6

The primary langange found in the browser Accept-Language HTTP header. This value is used for all language dependend functions inside Embperl. You can set it change the selection of message returned by $request -&gt; gettext and [= =].

cookies

Method:

$request -> param -> cookies

Since:

2.0b6

A hashref that contains all cookies send by the browser to the server.

cgi

Method:

$request -> param -> cgi [read only]

Since:

2.0b12

Holds the CGI.pm object, which is used for file upload. If no file uploaded data is send to the request, this member is undefined.

inputfile

Method:

$component -> param -> inputfile [read only]

Since:

1.0.0

Give the name of the file that should be processed, e.g.

    Execute({inputfile => 'mysource.epl'}) ;

There is a shortcut when you only need to give the input file and no other parameters. The above is will do the same as:

    Execute('mysource.epl') ;

outputfile

Method:

$component -> param -> outputfile [read only]

Default:

STDOUT

Since:

1.0.0

Specify a file to which the output should be written. Example:

    Execute({inputfile  => 'mysource.epl',
             outputfile => 'myoutput.htm'}) ;

input

Method:

$component -> param -> input [read only]

Since:

1.0.0

This parameter is used, when you have the source already in memory. You should pass a reference to a scalar that contains the source. Addtionaly you should give the inputfile parameter, to allow Embperl caching to keep track of different in memory sources. The mtime parameter is used to tell Embperl's cache if the source has change since the last call or not. If mtime if undef or of a different value as it was during the last call, the source is considered to be changed and everything is recompiled. Example:

    # Get source from scalar
    # Don't forget to modify mtime if $src changes

    $src = '<html><head><title>Page [+ $no +]</title></head>' ;

    Embperl::Execute ({ inputfile  => 'some name',
                     input      => \$src,
                     mtime      => 1 }) ;

output

Method:

$component -> param -> output [read only]

Since:

1.0.0

Gives the possibility to write the output into a scalar instead of sending it to stdout or a file. You should give a reference to a scalar. Example:

    Execute({inputfile  => 'mysource.epl',
             output     => \$out}) ;

sub

Method:

$component -> param -> sub [read only]

Since:

1.2.0

Call the given Embperl subroutine defined with [$sub$] inside the page. A shortcut for this is to append the name of the subroutine after the filename with a hash sign, so the following calls are doing the same thing:

    Execute('mysource.epl#mysub') ;

    Execute({inputfile  => 'mysource.epl',
             sub        => 'mysub'}) ;

If you leave out the filename, the sub is called in the current file, so this can only be used inside a file that is already processed by Embperl.

subreq

Method:

$component -> param -> subreq

Since:

2.0b8, Apache 2.x

This utilizies Apache 2.0 filters to retrieve the output of a sub-request and uses it as input for the current component. For example if you have a CGI-Script and you need to post process it via Embperl or simply want to include it's output in another Embperl/Embperl::Object document you can write:

    [- Execute ({subreq => '/cgi-bin/script.cgi'}) -]

NOTE: You have to specify a URI and not a filename!

import

Method:

$component -> param -> import [read only]

Since:

1.3.0

A value of one tells Embperl to define the subrountines inside the file (if not already done) and to import them as perl subroutines into the current namespace.

See [$ sub $] metacommand and section about subroutines for more info.

A value of zero tells Embperl to simply precompile all code found in the page. (With 2.0 it is not necessary anymore to do it before using the sub parameter on a different file).

firstline

Method:

$component -> param -> firstline [read only]

Default:

1

Since:

1.2.0

Specifies the first linenumber of the sourcefile.

mtime

Method:

$component -> param -> mtime [read only]

Default:

undef

Since:

1.0.0

Last modification time of parameter input. If undef the code passed by input is always recompiled, else the code is only recompiled if mtime changes.

param

Method:

$component -> param -> param [read only]

Since:

1.0.0

Can be used to pass parameters to the Embperl document and back. Must contain a reference to an array. Example:

    Execute({inputfile  => 'mysource.epl',
             param      => [1, 2, 3]}) ;
    Execute({inputfile  => 'mysource.epl',
             param      => \@parameters}) ;

There is a shortcut, so the following code the aquivalent (NOTE: Don't use a array ref here):

    Execute('mysource.epl', 1, 2, 3) ;
    Execute('mysource.epl', @parameters) ;

The array @param in the Embperl document is setup as an alias to the array. See eg/x/Excute.pl for a more detailed example.

fdat

Method:

$component -> param -> fdat [read only]

Since:

1.0.0

Pass a hash reference to customly set %fdat. If ffld is not given, ffld will be set to keys %fdat.

ffld

Method:

$component -> param -> ffld [read only]

Since:

1.0.0

Pass a array reference to customly set @fdat. Does not affect %fdat.

object

Method:

$component -> param -> object [read only]

Since:

1.3.2

Takes a filename and returns an hashref that is blessed into the package of the given file. That's useful, if you want to call the subs inside the given file, as methods. By using the isa parameter (see below) you are able to provide an inherence tree. Additionally you can use the returned hashref to store data for that object. Example:

  [# the file eposubs.htm defines two subs: txt1 and txt2 #]
  [# first we create a new object #]
  [- $subs = Execute ({'object' => 'eposubs.htm'}) -]

  [# then we call methods inside the object #]
  txt1: [+ $subs -> txt1 +] <br>

  txt2: [+ $subs -> txt2 +] <br>

isa

Method:

$component -> param -> isa [read only]

Since:

1.3.2

Takes a name of a file and pushes the package of that file into the @ISA array of the current file. By using this you can setup an inherence tree between Embperl documents. Is is also useful within Embperl::Object. Example:

    [! Execute ({'isa' => '../eposubs.htm'}) !]

errors

Method:

$component -> param -> errors [read only]

Since:

1.3.0

Takes a reference to an array. Upon return, the array will contain a copy of all errormessages, if any.

xsltparam

Method:

$component -> param -> xsltparam

Default:

%fdat

Since:

2.0b6

Takes a reference to hash which contains key/value pair that are accessible inside the stylesheet via <xsl:param>.

Embperl's Objects ^

There are three major objects in Embperl: application, request and component. Each of these objects can be used to get information about the processing and control the execution. Each of these objects has a config sub-object, which makes the configuration accessible and, where possible, changeable at runtime. The config method of these three objects returns a reference to the configuation object. The methods of these configurations objects are described in the section Configuration. The request and the component object have addtionaly a parameter sub-object, which holds parameters passed to the current request/component. The param method of these two objects returns the parameter sub-object. The methods of these parameter objects can be found in the section Parameters. Addtionaly each of the three major objects has a set of own methods, which are described here.

thread

Method:

$application -> thread [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to a object which hold per threads information. There is only one such object per thread.

curr_req

Method:

$application -> curr_req [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the current request object i.e. the object of the request currently running.

config

Method:

$application -> config [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the configuration object of the application. See section Configuration.

user_session

Method:

$application -> user_session [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the user session object.

state_session

Method:

$application -> state_session [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the state session object.

app_session

Method:

$application -> app_session [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the application session object.

udat

Method:

$application -> udat [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to a hash which contains the data of the user session. This has can be used to access and modify user session data. It's the same as accessing the global %udat.

sdat

Method:

$application -> sdat [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to a hash which contains the data of the state session. This has can be used to access and modify state session data. It's the same as accessing the global %sdat.

mdat

Method:

$application -> mdat [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to a hash which contains the data of the application session. This has can be used to access and modify application session data. It's the same as accessing the global %mdat.

errors_count

Method:

$application -> errors_count

Since:

2.0b6

Contains the number of errors since last time send per mail. See also mail_errors_to.

errors_last_time

Method:

$application -> errors_last_time

Since:

2.0b6

Time when the last error has occured. See also mail_errors_to.

errors_last_send_time

Method:

$application -> errors_last_send_time

Since:

2.0b6

Time when the last mail with error messages was sent. See also mail_errors_to.

apache_req

Method:

$request -> apache_req [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to mod_perls Apache request object. In mod_perl 1 this is of type Apache:: in mod_perl 2 it's a Apache2::RequestRec.

config

Method:

$request -> config [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the configuration object of the request. See section Configuration.

param

Method:

$request -> param [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the parameter object of the request. See section Parameters.

component

Method:

$request -> component [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the object of component currently running. See component methods below.

app

Method:

$request -> app [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to the object of application to which the current request belongs. See application methods above.

thread

Method:

$request -> thread [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns a reference to a object which hold per threads information. There is only one such object per thread.

request_count

Method:

$request -> request_count [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns the number of request handled so far by this child process.

request_time

Method:

$request -> request_time [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Start time of the current request.

session_mgnt

Method:

$request -> session_mgnt [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Set to true if session management is available.

session_id

Method:

$request -> session_id [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Combined id of current user and state session.

session_state_id

Method:

$request -> session_state_id [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Id of the current state session as received by the browser, this means this method returns undef for a new session.

session_user_id

Method:

$request -> session_user_id [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Id of the current user session as received by the browser, this means this method returns undef for a new session.

cookie_expires

Method:

$request -> cookie_expires

Since:

2.1.1

Can be used to retrieve the actual expiration date that Embperl uses for the cookie with the session id.

had_exit

Method:

$request -> had_exit [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

True if exit was called in one of the components processed so far.

log_file_start_pos

Method:

$request -> log_file_start_pos [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

File possition of the log file at the time when the request has started.

error

Method:

$request -> error

Since:

2.0b6

True if there were any error during the request.

errors

Method:

$request -> errors

Since:

2.0b6

Reference to an array which holds all error messages occured so far.

errdat1

Method:

$request -> errdat1

Since:

2.0b6

Additional information passed to the error handler when an error is reported.

errdat2

Method:

$request -> errdat2

Since:

2.0b6

Additional information passed to the error handler when an error is reported.

lastwarn

Method:

$request -> lastwarn

Since:

2.0b6

Last warning message.

errobj

Method:

$request -> errobj

Since:

2.0rc3

The object passed to the last die, if any. This is useful when you pass an object to die inside an Execute. After the Execute you can check $epreq -> errobj, to get the object. The object is also push to the array passed to the errors parameter of Execute.

cleanup_vars

Method:

$request -> cleanup_vars

Since:

2.0b6

Reference to an array which is filled with references to variables that should be cleaned up after the request. You can add your own variables that needs cleanup here, but you should never remove any variables from this array.

cleanup_packages

Method:

$request -> cleanup_packages

Since:

2.0b6

Refernce to a hash which contains all packages that must be cleaned up after the request.

initial_cwd

Method:

$request -> initial_cwd [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Working directory when the request started.

messages

Method:

$request -> messages

Since:

2.0b6

Reference to an array of hashs of messages. This is used by Embperl to translate message into different languages. When a [= =] block is processed or $request -> gettext is called, Embperl searches this array. It starts from the first element in the array (each element in the array must be a hashref) and tries to lookup the text for the given symbol in hash. When it fails it goes to the next array element. This way you can setup multiple translation tables that are search for the symbol. Example:

    %messages =
        (
        'de' =>
            {
            'addsel1' => 'Klicken Sie auf die Kategorie zu der Sie etwas hinzufügen möchten:',
            'addsel2' => 'oder fügen Sie eine neue Kategorie hinzu. Bitte geben Sie die Beschreibung in so vielen Sprachen wie Ihnen möglich ein.',
            'addsel3' => 'Falls Sie die Übersetzung nicht wissen, lassen Sie das entsprechende Eingabefeld leer.',
            'addsel4' => 'Kategorie hinzufügen',
            },
         'en' =>
            {
            'addsel1' => 'Click on the category for wich you want to add a new item:',
            'addsel2' => 'or add new category. Please enter the description in as much languages as possible.',
            'addsel3' => 'If you don\'t know the translation leave the corresponding input field empty.',
            'addsel4' => 'Add category',
            }
        ) ;


    $lang = $request -> param -> language ;
    push @{$request -> messages}, $messages{$lang} ;
    push @{$request -> default_messages}, $messages{'en'} if ($lang ne 'en') ;

$request - param -> language> retrieves the language as given by the browser language-accept header (or set before in your program). Then it pushes the german or english messages hash onto the message array. Addtionaly it pushes the english messages on the default_messages array. Messages will be taken from this array if nothing can be found in the messages array.

default_messages

Method:

$request -> default_messages

Since:

2.0b6

Reference to an array with default messages. Messages will be taken from this array if nothing can be found in the messages array.

config

Method:

$component -> config [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns an reference to the configuration object of the component.

param

Method:

$component -> param [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Returns an reference to the parameter object of the component.

req_running

Method:

$component -> req_running [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

True if Embperl is inside of the execution of the request.

sub_req

Method:

$component -> sub_req [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

True is this is not the outermost Embperl component, i.e. this component is called from within another component.

inside_sub

Method:

$component -> inside_sub [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

True is we are inside a Embperl subroutine ([$ sub $] ... [$ endsub $])

had_exit

Method:

$component -> had_exit [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

True if the exit was called during the excution of the component.

path_ndx

Method:

$component -> path_ndx [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Tells Embperl how much parts of the path should be ignored when searching through the path.

cwd

Method:

$component -> cwd [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Directory of the source file of the component.

sourcefile

Method:

$component -> sourcefile [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Source file of the component.

syntax

Method:

$component -> syntax

Since:

2.0b6

Syntax of the component

prev

Method:

$component -> prev [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Previous component, e.g. the component which called this component.

import_stash

Method:

$component -> import_stash [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

While importing a component this is set to the stash to which symbols are imported. undef during normal execution.

exports

Method:

$component -> exports

Since:

2.0b6

Symbols that should be exported by this component.

curr_package

Method:

$component -> curr_package [read only]

Since:

2.0b6

Name of the package the component is executed in.

code

Method:

$component -> code

Since:

2.0b6

Only valid during compile phase. Can used to retrive and modify the code Embperl is generating. See Embperl::Syntax for more details and Embperl::Syntax::RTF for an example.

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