Lyo Kato > FormValidator-Simple > FormValidator::Simple

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Module Version: 0.29   Source  

NAME ^

FormValidator::Simple - validation with simple chains of constraints

SYNOPSIS ^

    my $query = CGI->new;
    $query->param( param1 => 'ABCD' );
    $query->param( param2 =>  12345 );
    $query->param( mail1  => 'lyo.kato@gmail.com' );
    $query->param( mail2  => 'lyo.kato@gmail.com' );
    $query->param( year   => 2005 );
    $query->param( month  =>   11 );
    $query->param( day    =>   27 );

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $query => [
        param1 => ['NOT_BLANK', 'ASCII', ['LENGTH', 2, 5]],
        param2 => ['NOT_BLANK', 'INT'  ],
        mail1  => ['NOT_BLANK', 'EMAIL_LOOSE'],
        mail2  => ['NOT_BLANK', 'EMAIL_LOOSE'],
        { mails => ['mail1', 'mail2'       ] } => ['DUPLICATION'],
        { date  => ['year',  'month', 'day'] } => ['DATE'],
    ] );

    if ( $result->has_error ) {
        my $tt = Template->new({ INCLUDE_PATH => './tmpl' });
        $tt->process('template.html', { result => $result });
    }

template example

    [% IF result.has_error %]
    <p>Found Input Error</p>
    <ul>

        [% IF result.missing('param1') %]
        <li>param1 is blank.</li>
        [% END %]

        [% IF result.invalid('param1') %]
        <li>param1 is invalid.</li>
        [% END %]

        [% IF result.invalid('param1', 'ASCII') %]
        <li>param1 needs ascii code.</li>
        [% END %]

        [% IF result.invalid('param1', 'LENGTH') %]
        <li>input into param1 with characters that's length should be between two and five. </li>
        [% END %]

    </ul>
    [% END %]

example2

    [% IF result.has_error %]
    <ul>
        [% FOREACH key IN result.error %]
            [% FOREACH type IN result.error(key) %]
            <li>invalid: [% key %] - [% type %]</li>
            [% END %]
        [% END %]
    </ul>
    [% END %]

DESCRIPTION ^

This module provides you a sweet way of form data validation with simple constraints chains. You can write constraints on single line for each input data.

This idea is based on Sledge::Plugin::Validator, and most of validation code is borrowed from this plugin.

(Sledge is a MVC web application framework: http://sl.edge.jp [Japanese] )

The result object this module returns behaves like Data::FormValidator::Results.

HOW TO SET PROFILE ^

    FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        #profile
    ] );

Use 'check' method.

A hash reference includes input data, or an object of some class that has a method named 'param', for example CGI, is needed as first argument.

And set profile as array reference into second argument. Profile consists of some pairs of input data and constraints.

    my $q = CGI->new;
    $q->param( param1 => 'hoge' );

    FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        param1 => [ ['NOT_BLANK'], ['LENGTH', 4, 10] ],
    ] );

In this case, param1 is the name of a form element. and the array ref "[ ['NOT_BLANK']... ]" is a constraints chain.

Write constraints chain as arrayref, and you can set some constraints into it. In the last example, two constraints 'NOT_BLANK', and 'LENGTH' are set. Each constraints is should be set as arrayref, but in case the constraint has no argument, it can be written as scalar text.

    FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        param1 => [ 'NOT_BLANK', ['LENGTH', 4, 10] ],
    ] );

Now, in this sample 'NOT_BLANK' constraint is not an arrayref, but 'LENGTH' isn't. Because 'LENGTH' has two arguments, 4 and 10.

MULTIPLE DATA VALIDATION

When you want to check about multiple input data, do like this.

    my $q = CGI->new;
    $q->param( mail1 => 'lyo.kato@gmail.com' );
    $q->param( mail2 => 'lyo.kato@gmail.com' );

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        { mails => ['mail1', 'mail2'] } => [ 'DUPLICATION' ],
    ] )

    [% IF result.invalid('mails') %]
    <p>mail1 and mail2 aren't same.</p>
    [% END %]

and here's an another example.

    my $q = CGI->new;
    $q->param( year  => 2005 );
    $q->param( month =>   12 );
    $q->param(   day =>   27 );

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        { date => ['year', 'month', 'day'] } => [ 'DATE' ],
    ] );

    [% IF result.invalid('date') %]
    <p>Set correct date.</p>
    [% END %]

FLEXIBLE VALIDATION

    my $valid = FormValidator::Simple->new();

    $valid->check( $q => [ 
        param1 => [qw/NOT_BLANK ASCII/, [qw/LENGTH 4 10/] ],
    ] );

    $valid->check( $q => [
        param2 => [qw/NOT_BLANK/],
    ] );

    my $results = $valid->results;

    if ( found some error... ) {
        $results->set_invalid('param3' => 'MY_ERROR');
    }

template example

    [% IF results.invalid('param1') %]
    ...
    [% END %]
    [% IF results.invalid('param2') %]
    ...
    [% END %]
    [% IF results.invalid('param3', 'MY_ERROR') %]
    ...
    [% END %]

HOW TO SET OPTIONS ^

Option setting is needed by some validation, especially in plugins.

You can set them in two ways.

    FormValidator::Simple->set_option(
        dbic_base_class => 'MyProj::Model::DBIC',
        charset         => 'euc',
    );

or

    $valid = FormValidator::Simple->new(
        dbic_base_class => 'MyProj::Model::DBIC',
        charset         => 'euc',
    );

    $valid->check(...)

VALIDATION COMMANDS ^

You can use follow variety validations. and each validations can be used as negative validation with 'NOT_' prefix.

    FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        param1 => [ 'INT', ['LENGTH', 4, 10] ],
        param2 => [ 'NOT_INT', ['NOT_LENGTH', 4, 10] ],
    ] );
SP

check if the data has space or not.

INT

check if the data is integer or not.

UINT

unsigined integer check. for example, if -1234 is input, the validation judges it invalid.

DECIMAL
    $q->param( 'num1' => '123.45678' );

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        num1 => [ ['DECIMAL', 3, 5] ],
    ] );

each numbers (3,5) mean maximum digits before/after '.'

ASCII

check is the data consists of only ascii code.

LENGTH

check the length of the data.

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        param1 => [ ['LENGTH', 4] ],
    ] );

check if the length of the data is 4 or not.

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        param1 => [ ['LENGTH', 4, 10] ],
    ] );

when you set two arguments, it checks if the length of data is in the range between 4 and 10.

HTTP_URL

verify it is a http(s)-url

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        param1 => [ 'HTTP_URL' ],
    ] );
SELECTED_AT_LEAST

verify the quantity of selected parameters is counted over allowed minimum.

    <input type="checkbox" name="hobby" value="music" /> Music
    <input type="checkbox" name="hobby" value="movie" /> Movie
    <input type="checkbox" name="hobby" value="game"  /> Game

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        hobby => ['NOT_BLANK', ['SELECTED_AT_LEAST', 2] ],
    ] );
REGEX

check with regular expression.

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        param1 => [ ['REGEX', qr/^hoge$/ ] ],
    ] );
DUPLICATION

check if the two data are same or not.

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        { duplication_check => ['param1', 'param2'] } => [ 'DUPLICATION' ],
    ] );
EMAIL

check with Email::Valid.

EMAIL_MX

check with Email::Valid, including mx check.

EMAIL_LOOSE

check with Email::Valid::Loose.

EMAIL_LOOSE_MX

check with Email::Valid::Loose, including mx check.

DATE

check with Date::Calc

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        { date => [qw/year month day/] } => [ 'DATE' ]
    ] );
TIME

check with Date::Calc

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        { time => [qw/hour min sec/] } => ['TIME'],
    ] );
DATETIME

check with Date::Calc

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        { datetime => [qw/year month day hour min sec/] } => ['DATETIME']
    ] );
DATETIME_STRPTIME

check with DateTime::Format::Strptime.

    my $q = CGI->new;
    $q->param( datetime => '2006-04-26T19:09:21+0900' );

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
      datetime => [ [ 'DATETIME_STRPTIME', '%Y-%m-%dT%T%z' ] ],
    ] );
DATETIME_FORMAT

check with DateTime::Format::***. for example, DateTime::Format::HTTP, DateTime::Format::Mail, DateTime::Format::MySQL and etc.

    my $q = CGI->new;
    $q->param( datetime => '2004-04-26 19:09:21' );

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
      datetime => [ [qw/DATETIME_FORMAT MySQL/] ],
    ] );
GREATER_THAN

numeric comparison

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        age => [ ['GREATER_THAN', 25] ],
    ] );
LESS_THAN

numeric comparison

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        age => [ ['LESS_THAN', 25] ],
    ] );
EQUAL_TO

numeric comparison

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        age => [ ['EQUAL_TO', 25] ],
    ] );
BETWEEN

numeric comparison

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        age => [ ['BETWEEN', 20, 25] ],
    ] );
ANY

check if there is not blank data in multiple data.

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [ 
        { some_data => [qw/param1 param2 param3/] } => ['ANY']
    ] );
IN_ARRAY

check if the food ordered is in menu

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        food => [ ['IN_ARRAY', qw/noodle soba spaghetti/] ],
    ] };

HOW TO LOAD PLUGINS ^

    use FormValidator::Simple qw/Japanese CreditCard/;

FormValidator::Simple::Plugin::Japanese, FormValidator::Simple::Plugin::CreditCard are loaded.

or use 'load_plugin' method.

    use FormValidator::Simple;
    FormValidator::Simple->load_plugin('FormValidator::Simple::Plugin::CreditCard');

If you want to load plugin which name isn't in FormValidator::Simple::Plugin namespace, use +.

    use FormValidator::Simple qw/+MyApp::ValidatorPlugin/;

MESSAGE HANDLING ^

You can custom your own message with key and type.

    [% IF result.has_error %]
        [% FOREACH key IN result.error %]
            [% FOREACH type IN result.error(key) %]
            <p>error message:[% type %] - [% key %]</p>
            [% END %]
        [% END %]
    [% END %]

And you can also set messages configuration before. You can prepare configuration as hash reference.

    FormValidator::Simple->set_messages( {
        action1 => {
            name => {
                NOT_BLANK => 'input name!',
                LENGTH    => 'input name (length should be between 0 and 10)!',
            },
            email => {
                DEFAULT => 'input correct email address!',
            },
        },
    } );

or a YAML file.

    # messages.yml
    DEFAULT:
        name:
            DEFAULT: name is invalid!
    action1:
        name:
            NOT_BLANK: input name!
            LENGTH: input name(length should be between 0 and 10)!
        email:
            DEFAULT: input correct email address!
    action2:
        name:
            DEFAULT: ...
            
    # in your perl-script, set the file's path.
    FormValidator::Simple->set_messages('messages.yml');

DEFAULT is a special type. If it can't find setting for indicated validation-type, it uses message set for DEFAULT.

after setting, execute check(),

    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        name  => [qw/NOT_BLANK/, [qw/LENGTH 0 10/] ],
        email => [qw/NOT_BLANK EMAIL_LOOSE/, [qw/LENGTH 0 20/] ],
    ] );

    # matching result and messages for indicated action.
    my $messages = $result->messages('action1');

    foreach my $message ( @$messages ) {
        print $message, "\n";
    }

    # or you can get messages as hash style.
    # each fieldname is the key
    my $field_messages = $result->field_messages('action1');
    if ($field_messages->{name}) {
        foreach my $message ( @{ $field_messages->{name} } ) {
            print $message, "\n";
        }
    }

When it can't find indicated action, name, and type, it searches proper message from DEFAULT action. If in template file,

    [% IF result.has_error %]
        [% FOREACH msg IN result.messages('action1') %]
        <p>[% msg %]</p>
        [% END %]
    [% END %]

you can set each message format.

    FormValidator::Simple->set_message_format('<p>%s</p>');
    my $result = FormValidator::Simple->check( $q => [
        ...profile
    ] );

    [% IF result.has_error %]
        [% result.messages('action1').join("\n") %]
    [% END %]

RESULT HANDLING ^

See FormValidator::Simple::Results

FLAGGED UTF-8 ^

If you set encoding like follows, it automatically decode the result messages.

    FormValidtor::Simple->set_mesasges_decode_from('utf-8');

SEE ALSO ^

Data::FormValidator

http://sl.edge.jp/ (Japanese)

http://sourceforge.jp/projects/sledge

AUTHOR ^

Lyo Kato <lyo.kato@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This library is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as perl itself.

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