Nicholas Bamber > HTML-Acid > HTML::Acid

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Module Version: v0.0.3   Source  

NAME ^

HTML::Acid - Reformat HTML fragment to strict criteria

VERSION ^

This document describes HTML::Acid version 0.0.3

SYNOPSIS ^

    use HTML::Acid;
    my $acid = HTML::Acid->new;
    return $acid->burn($html)

DESCRIPTION ^

Fragments of HTML returned by a rich text editor tend to be not entirely standards compliant. img tags tend not to be closed. Paragraphs breaks might be represented by double br tags rather than p tags. Of course we also need to do all the XSS avoidance an HTML clean up routine would, such as controlling href tags, removing javascript and inline styling. Furthermore what one often wants is not simply a standards compliant cleaned up version of the input HTML. Sometimes one wants to know that the HTML conforms to a much tighter standard, as then it will be easier to style.

So this module, given a fragment of HTML, will rewrite it into a very restricted subset of XHTML. The default dialect has the following properties.

INTERFACE ^

new

This constructor takes a number of optional named parameters.

url_regex

This is a regular expression that controls what href and src tags are permitted. It defaults to an expression that restricts access to internal absolute paths with an optional sub-reference.

tag_hierarchy

This is a hash reference that for each supported tag specifies what the containing tag must be. Standards based HTML is not as strict as this. This defaults to the value returned by the default_tag_hierarchy method.

img_height_default

If set this creates a default height value for all images. If not set images without height attributes will be rejected.

img_width_default

If set this creates a default width value for all images. If not set images without width attributes will be rejected.

text_manip

If set this must be subroutine reference. It takes text (and the alt attribute from invalid images) and what is returned will be used instead.

text_container

If set this must be subroutine reference. It takes the alt (modified by text_manip if present) and returns what would be used in the event of an invalid image.

burn

This method takes the input HTML as an input and returns the cleaned up HTML.

default_tag_hierarchy

This is a class method that returns the default tag hierarchy. So if you want to add support for a tag you can use a modified copy of the output when setting up the HTML::Acid instance. The default mapping is as follows:

    {
        h3 => '',
        p => '',
        a => 'p',
        img => 'p',
        em => 'p',
        strong => 'p',
    }

Mapping an element onto the empty string implies that the element appears at the top-level of an HTML fragment. So for example

    h3 => '',
    p => '',

implies that <h3> and <p> can be at the top of the document fragment. Mapping onto another element implies that the element must always be contained within that element. So

    a => 'p',
    img => 'p',
    em => 'p',
    strong => 'p',

implies that <a>, <img>, <em> and <strong> must be within a <p> element. It is also possible to specify alternatives:

    img => ['p','a'],

which implies that <img> can be within a <p> or an <a>. Note that this code does not check for loops. So doing something like

    div => 'span',
    span => 'div',

is unsupported.

CONFIGURATION AND ENVIRONMENT ^

HTML::Acid requires no configuration files or environment variables.

DEPENDENCIES ^

This module works by subclassing HTML::Parser. Also it assumes that the input will be in utf8 format, that is it sets the utf8_mode flag on the HTML::Parser constructor.

INCOMPATIBILITIES ^

None reported.

TO DO ^

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

No bugs have been reported.

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-html-acid@rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org.

SEE ALSO ^

There are many other modules that do something similar. Of those I think the most complete is HTML::StripScripts::Parser. You can also see HTML::Declaw, HTML::Clean, HTML::Defang, HTML::Restrict, HTML::Scrubber, HTML::Laundary, HTML::Detoxifier, Marpa::HTML, HTML::Tidy. People also often refer to HTML::Santitizer.

AUTHOR ^

Nicholas Bamber <nicholas@periapt.co.uk>

LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2010-2011, Nicholas Bamber <nicholas@periapt.co.uk>. All rights reserved.

The unordered list in the test files (t/*/5*) is issued under the Creative Common Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (wikipedia).

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See perlartistic.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY ^

BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENCE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

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