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Module Version: 2.6.7   Source  

NAME ^

  HTML::CTPP2 - Perl interface for CTPP2 library

SYNOPSIS ^

  First you should make template, file `hello.tmpl`:

  Foo: <TMPL_var foo>
  <TMPL_if array>
      Here is loop body:
      <TMPL_loop array>
          Key: <TMPL_var key>
      </TMPL_loop>
  </TMPL_if>

  Now create PERL script:

  #!/usr/bin/perl -w
  use strict;
  use HTML::CTPP2;
  my $T = new HTML::CTPP2();

  # Parse template
  my $Bytecode = $T -> parse_template("hello.tmpl");
  or
  my $Bytecode = $T -> parse_text("<TMPL_var hello>");

  # Fill parameters
  my %H = (foo   => "bar",
           array => [
                      { "key" => "first" },
                      { "key" => "second"}
                    ]
          );

  $T -> param(\%H);

  my $Result = $T -> output($Bytecode);
  or
  my $SourceCharset = 'iso-8859-5';
  my $DestinationCharset = 'utf-8';
  my $Result = $T -> output($Bytecode, $SourceCharset, $DestinationCharset);

  Now check output:
  Foo: bar
      Here is loop body:
          Key: first
          Key: second

  Since version 2.1.1 of CTPP *library*, you can also use expressions in <TMPL_if
  and in <TMPL_var operators:

  Since version 2.5.0 of CTPP *library*, you can also use loop iterators <TMPL_foreach.

DESCRIPTION ^

  This module is very similar to well-known Sam Tregar's HTML::Template but works
  in 22 - 25 times faster and contains extra functionality.
  CTPP2 template language dialect contains 10 operators: <TMPL_var>, <TMPL_if>,
  <TMPL_elsif>, <TMPL_else>, <TMPL_unless>, <TMPL_loop>, <TMPL_foreach>, <TMPL_udf>,
  <TMPL_include> and <TMPL_comment>.

THE TAGS ^

  In order to simplify the make-up, all operators names are case insensitive,
  that is why the notifications such as: <TMPL_var , <TmPl_VaR , <tmpl_VAR
  are equal.

  BUT the names of variables are case sensitive, that's why for example:
  <TMPL_var ABC>, <TMPL_var abc>, <TMPL_var Abc> are not in equal state.

  Parameters, which names starting with a symbol of underlining
  (for example __FIRST__) are reserved names and should NOT be used
  by the developer. Variable names can be composed of letters, numbers,
  and underscores (_). Every variable name in CTPP must start with a letter.

  You can access subproperties (hash references to oher object) of variable by
  specifying it after variable name separated by dot '.': <TMPL_var foo.bar>.

TMPL_var

  <TMPL_var VAR_NAME>, <TMPL_udf VAR_NAME> - Direct parameter output.

  In CTPP template engine two types of variables are defined: local and global.
  The sense of these two concepts is completely equal with a similar idea
  in the other algorithmic languages such as C++ & Perl.

  For variable output use operator <TMPL_var VAR_NAME>

  Example 1.1
  Template: "Hello, <b><TMPL_var username></b>!"
  Parameter: username => "Olga"
  Output: "Hello, Olga!"

  You can use user defined functions to make a variable output.

  Example 1.2
  Template: "<a href="/index.cgi?username=<TMPL_var URLESCAPE(username)>">"
  Parameter: username => "Àíäðåé" (string in non-ascii7 character set)
  Output: "<a href="/index.cgi?username=%C0%ED%E4%F0%E5%E9">"

  Example 1.3
  Template: User <TMPL_var user.name> has id <TMPL_var user.id>
  Parameter: user => { name => "Fred", id => 1234 }
  Output: User Fred has id 1234

TMPL_if, TMPL_unless

  These operators impose condition on your template output, it depends on the
  result of logical expression placed to the right of the operator's body.

  CTPP defines four operators of condition: <TMPL_if LOGICAL_EXPR>,
  <TMPL_elsif LOGICAL_EXPR>, <TMPL_else> and <TMPL_unless LOGICAL_EXPR>.

  Operators evaluates logical expression to the result and according to it
  executes or not the further instructions. You can also use variables
  (local and global) and user defined functions inside of the operator's body.

  Example 2.1

  <TMPL_if LOGICAL_EXPR>
     Some instructions if result has true value.
  <TMPL_elsif OTHER_EXPRESSION>
    Some instructions if result has false value.
  <TMPL_else>
    Else-branch/
  </TMPL_if>

  <TMPL_unless LOGICAL_EXPR1>
    Some instructions if result has false value.
  <TMPL_elsif LOGICAL_EXPR2>
    Some instructions if evaluation result of
    LOGICAL_EXPR2 has true value.
  <TMPL_else>
    Some instructions if result has true value.
  </TMPL_unless>

  The branches of <TMPL_elsif> and <TMPL_else> are not firmly binds,
  it means that the following notification is allowed:
  <TMPL_if LOGICAL_EXPR> Some instructions </TMPL_if>.

  Thus the operator <TMPL_unless differs from the operator <TMPL_if in the
  executing some instructions if the evaluated value is false.

TMPL_loop

  The loop - The multiple repeating of some pre-defined actions.

  The first type of loops in CTPP - the forward running over through
  the data array. The operator corresponding with this action looks
  like the following:

  <TMPL_loop MODIFIERS LOOP_NAME>
      The LOOP instructions.
  </TMPL_loop>

  If you evidently put the mark to use context variables in the loop body,
  CTPP inserts seven special variables, called context vars. The names of these
  variables start with the double underline, this fact points to their system
  meaning. Set of values for "context vars":

    * __FIRST__ - sets to "1" during the first loop iteration,
      in other cases not defined.

    * __LAST__ - sets to the last iteration number,
      otherwise is not defined.

    * __INNER__ - accommodates the number from the second to the pre-last
      iteration, otherwise undefined

    * __OUTER__ - accommodates the number of first and last iteration, otherwise undefined

    * __ODD__ - the number of an odd iteration. For the even one - undefined.

    * __COUNTER__ - the number of current iteration.

    * __RCOUNTER__ - whole number of the loop iterations minus the number of current iteration.

    * __EVEN__ - opposite to the __ODD__ variable.

    * __SIZE__ - the whole number of the loop iterations.

    * __CONTENT__ - contains value of current iteration

TMPL_foreach

  The second type of loops in CTPP - forward iteration through the data array
  The operator corresponding with this action looks like the following:

  <TMPL_foreach LOOP_NAME as ITERATOR>
      <TMPL_var OBJ_DUMP(ITERATOR)>
      The LOOP instructions.
  </TMPL_foreach>

TMPL_include

  In some cases it happens to allocate conveniently identical parts in several
  templates (for example, heading or the menu on page) and to place them in one file.

  This is done by operator <TMPL_include filename.tmpl>.

  Example 3.1:
    File `main.tmpl`:
    <TMPL_loop foo>
        <TMPL_include "filename.tmpl" map(bar : baz, orig_param : include_param)>
    </TMPL_loop>

    File filename.tmpl:
       <TMPL_var baz>

  You can rename variable in included templates. In example 3.1 variable 'baz'
  in file 'filename.tmpl' was renamed to 'bar' and 'orig_param' to 'include_param'.
  This is useful when you include one template many times in main template.

  Attention! You CAN NOT place a part of a loop or condition in separate templates.
  In other words, this construction will not work:

  Example 3.2
  File `main.tmpl`:
    <TMPL_if foo>
       <TMPL_include 'abc.tmpl'>

  File `abc.tmpl`:
    </TMPL_if>

TMPL_comment

  All characters between <TMPL_comment> and </TMPL_comment> are ignored. This is
  useful to comment some parts of template.

TMPL_block, TMPL_call

  You can declare a block of code and call it by name:
  Example 4.1:
  <TMPL_block "foo"> <!-- Declare block with name "foo" -->
      ... some foo''s HTML and CTPP operators here ...
  </TMPL_block>
  <TMPL_block "bar"> <!-- Declare block with name "bar" -->
      ... some other HTML and/or CTPP operators here ...
  </TMPL_block>

  <TMPL_call block> <!-- Call block by name -->

Built-in functions

  There are a variety of situations when you need to represent data according
  to some condition. To simplify the solution of this problem CTPP support
  Built-in Functions. ou can call them from the bodies of <TMPL_if, <TMPL_unless,
  <TMPL_var and <TMPL_udf operators. The following example shows how to call
  Built-in function:

  <TMPL_var HTMLESCAPE(name)>

  <TMPL_if IN_SET(name, 1, 2, 3)>
    Variable "name" is set to "1", "2" or "3".
  </TMPL_if>

  CTPP2 support following built-in functions:

    * ARRAY_ELEMENT
    * AVG
    * BASE64_ENCODE
    * BASE64_DECODE
    * CAST
    * CONCAT
    * DATE_FORMAT
    * DEFAULT
    * DEFINED
    * FORM_PARAM
    * GETTEXT (_)
    * HMAC_MD5
    * HASH_ELEMENT
    * HREF_PARAM
    * HTMLESCAPE
    * ICONV
    * IN_SET
    * JSESCAPE
    * JSON
    * LIST_ELEMENT
    * LOG
    * MD5
    * MAX
    * MB_SIZE
    * MB_SUBSTR
    * MB_TRUNCATE
    * MIN
    * NUM_FORMAT
    * NUMERAL
    * OBJ_DUMP
    * RANDOM
    * SIZE
    * SUBSTR
    * SPRINTF
    * TRUNCATE
    * URIESCAPE
    * URLESCAPE
    * VERSION
    * WMLESCAPE
    * XMLESCAPE

  Please refer to CTPP2 library documentation to get detailed
  information about these functions.

METHODS ^

HTML::CTPP2() - constructor

  Call new() to create a new HTML::CTPP2 object:

  my $T = new HTML::CTPP2();

  You can also change some internal variables of CTPP engine:
  my $T = new HTML::CTPP2(arg_stack_size      => 1024,
                          code_stack_size     => 1024,
                          steps_limit         => 1024*1024,
                          max_functions       => 1024,
                          source_charset      => 'CP1251',
                          destination_charset => 'utf-8');

  'arg_stack_size'  - Max. size of stack of arguments
  'code_stack_size' - Max. stack size
  'max_functions'   - Max. number of functions in CTPP standard library

  Normally you should not change these parameters, to explanation please
  refer to CTPP library documentation.

  'source_charset'  - source charcter set
  'destination_charset' - destination character set.

  Use these options for on-the-fly charset converting of template
  output.

  'steps_limit' - template execution limit (in steps). Default value
  is 1 048 576 (1024*1024). You can limit template execution time by
  specifying this parameter.

  Note, if execution limit is reached, template engine generates error
  (returm avlue of method `output` is undef, and you should use
  `get_last_error` method to get full error description.

param() - set some parameters

  my %Hash = ("foo" => "bar", "blahblah" => "clah-clah");
  $T -> param(\%H);

clear_params(), reset() - reset all the parameters to undef.

  $T -> clear_params();
  or
  $T -> reset();

json_param() - set some parameters

  $T -> json_param('{ "foo": "bar", "baz" : 123}');

output() - returns output as string

  In most situations you can print this directly to standard output:

  print $T -> output($bytecode);

  or

  my $SourceCharset = 'iso-8859-5';
  my $DestinationCharset = 'utf-8';
  my $Result = $T -> output($Bytecode, $SourceCharset, $DestinationCharset);

include_dirs() - set list of include directories

  my @IncludeDirs = ("/home/www/tmpl", "/usr/share/www/common_templates");
  $T -> include_dirs(\@IncludeDirs);

  CTPP parser will search templates in specified directories.

parse_template() - compile source code of template to CTPP bytecode

  my $bytecode = $T -> parse_template("hello.tmpl");

load_bytecode() - load precompiled template from specified file

  my $bytecode = $T -> load_bytecode("hello.ct2");

  ATTENTION: you should specify FULL path to precompiled file,
  CTPP DOES NOT uses include_dirs to search bytecode!

parse_text() - parse text block

  my $bytecode = $T -> parse_text("<TMPL_var hello>");

dump_params() - get internal representation of all given parameters.

  print $T -> dump_params();

save() - save compiled bytecode to file

  Since you have compiled template to bytecode you may store it in file.
  This increases speed of loading template.

  # Parse template
  my $bytecode = $T -> parse_template("hello.tmpl");

  # Save bytecode to binary file
  $bytecode -> save("hello.ct2");

  # Now we can load compiled template without parsing original file
  my $other_bytecode = $T -> load_bytecode("hello.ct2");

load_udf() - load user-defined function from external storage

  If you have a shared library wich contains compiled user-defined functions,
  you may load it by calling method load_udf().
  Please refer to documentation to explain, how you can write user-defined CTPP
  functions in C++.

  $T -> load_udf('/shared/library/name.so', 'UserDefinedFunctionName');

get_last_error() - get human-readable error description

  Your can get detailed description if any error occured. Method return a hash
  reference with set of following keys:

  'template_name' - template file name where error occured
  'line'          - line in template file
  'pos'           - position in file
  'ip'            - virtual machine instruction pointer
  'error_code'    - error code, integer number
  'error_str'     - human-readable error description

  my $e = $T -> get_last_error();
  print "In file "      . $e -> {'template_name'} .
        " at line "     . $e -> {'line'} .
        ", pos "        . $e -> {'pos'} .
        ": "            . $e -> {'error_str'} .
        ", error code " . $e -> {'error_code'};

AUTHOR ^

Andrei V. Shetuhin (reki@reki.ru)

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1), HTML::Template(3), HTML::Template::Pro(3)

WEBSITE ^

http://ctpp.havoc.ru/en/ - in English

http://ctpp.havoc.ru/ - for Russian speakers

LICENSE ^

  Copyright (c) 2006 - 2010 CTPP Team

  Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
  modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
  are met:
  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
  4. Neither the name of the CTPP Team nor the names of its contributors
     may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
     without specific prior written permission.

  THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
  ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
  IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
  ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
  FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
  DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
  OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
  HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
  LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
  OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
  SUCH DAMAGE.
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