kmx > IUP > IUP::Manual::08_DragAndDrop

Download:
IUP-0.202.tar.gz

Annotate this POD

CPAN RT

Open  0
View/Report Bugs
Source   Latest Release: IUP-0.202_1

NAME ^

IUP::Manual::08_DragAndDrop - Using Drag & Drop feature with IUP

IUP MANUAL ^

DRAG & DROP ^

Drag&Drop feature can used with IUP::Label, IUP::Text, IUP::List, IUP::Tree, IUP::Canvas (+ all derived elements) and IUP::Dialog.

The user starts a drag and drop transfer by pressing the mouse button over the data (Windows and GTK: left button; Motif: middle button) which is referred to as the drag source. The data can be dropped in any location that has been registered as a drop target. The drop occurs when the user releases the mouse button. This can be done inside a control, from one control to another in the same dialog, in different dialogs of the same application, or between different applications (the other application does NOT need to be implemented with IUP).

In IUP, a drag and drop transfer can result in the data being moved or copied. A copy operation is enabled with the CTRL key pressed. A move operation is enabled with the SHIFT key pressed. A move operation will be possible only if the attribute DRAGSOURCEMOVE is Yes. When no key is pressed the default operation is copy when DRAGSOURCEMOVE=No and move when DRAGSOURCEMOVE=Yes. The user can cancel a drag at any time by pressing the ESCAPE key.

Steps to use the Drag & Drop support in an IUP application:

AT SOURCE:

AT TARGET:

ATTRIBUTES

Attributes at Drag Source

DRAGSOURCE

(non inheritable): Set up a control as a source for drag operations. Default: NO.

DRAGTYPES

(non inheritable): A list of data types that are supported by the source. Accepts a string with one or more names separated by commas. See Notes bellow for a list of known names. Must be set.

DRAGSOURCEMOVE

(non inheritable): Enables the move action. Default: NO (only copy is enabled).

Attributes at Drop Target

DROPTARGET

(non inheritable): Set up a control as a destination for drop operations. Default: NO.

DROPTYPES

(non inheritable): A list of data types that are supported by the target. Accepts a string with one or more names separated by commas. See bellow for a list of known names. Must beset.

CALLBACKS

Callbacks at Drag Source (Must be set when DRAGSOURCE=Yes)

DRAGBEGIN_CB

notifies source that drag started. It is called when the mouse starts a drag operation.

Callback handler prototype:

 sub DRAGBEGIN_CB_handler {
   my ($self, $x, $y) = @_;
   #...
 }

$self: identifier of the element that activated the event

$x, $y: cursor position relative to the top-left corner of the element.

Returns: If IUP_IGNORE is returned the drag is aborted.

DRAGDATASIZE_CB

request for size of drag data from source. It is called when the data is dropped, before the DRAGDATA_CB callback.

 sub DRAGDATASIZE_CB_handler {
   my ($self, $type) = @_;
   #...
 }

$self: identifier of the element that activated the event

$type: type of the data. It is one of the registered types in DRAGTYPES.

Returns: the size in bytes for the data. It will be used to allocate the buffer size for the data in transfer.

DRAGDATA_CB

request for drag data from source. It is called when the data is dropped.

 sub DRAGDATA_CB_handler {
   my ($self, $type, $size) = @_;
   #...
   return IUP_DEFAULT, $data;
 }

$self: identifier of the element that activated the event

$type: type of the data. It is one of the registered types in DRAGTYPES.

$size: buffer size in bytes. The same value returned by DRAGDATASIZE_CB

Returns: 2 values - callback return value (e.g. IUP_DEFAULT) + $data data to be dragged by receiving application (should have size $size).

DRAGEND_CB

notifies source that drag is done. The only drag callback that is optional. It is called after the data has been dropped.

 sub DRAGEND_CB_handler {
   my ($self, $action) = @_;
   #...
 }

$self: identifier of the element that activated the event

$action: action performed by the operation (1 = move, 0 = copy, -1 = drag failed or aborted)

If action is 1 it is responsibility of the application to remove the data from source.

Callback at Drop Target (Must be set when DROPTARGET=Yes)

DROPDATA_CB

source has sent target the requested data. It is called when the data is dropped. If both drag and drop would be in the same application it would be called after the DRAGDATA_CB callback.

 sub DROPDATA_CB_handler {
   my ($self, $type, $data, $x, $y) = @_;
   #...
 }

$self: identifier of the element that activated the event

$type: type of the data. It is one of the registered types in DROPTYPES.

$data: content data received in the drop operation.

$x, $y: cursor position relative to the top-left corner of the element.

DROPMOTION_CB

notifies destination about drag pointer motion. The only drop callback that is optional. It is called when the mouse moves over any valid drop site.

 sub DROPMOTION_CB_handler {
   my ($self, $x, $y, $status) = @_;
   #...
 }

$self: identifier of the element that activated the event

$x, $y: position in the canvas where the event has occurred, in pixels.

$status: status of mouse buttons and certain keyboard keys at the moment the event was generated. The same macros used for BUTTON_CB can be used for this status.

Notes

Drag and Drop support can be set independently. A control can have drop without drag support and vice-versa.

Here are some common Drag&Drop types defined by existing applications:

syntax highlighting: