William Reardon > Iterator-File > Iterator::File

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Module Version: 1.14   Source  

NAME ^

Iterator::File -- A file iterator, optionally stateful and verbose.

SYNOPSIS ^

 use Iterator::File;
 
 ## Simplest form...
 $i = iterator_file( 'mydata.txt' );
 while( $i++ ) {
   &something_interesting( $i );
 }
 
 
 ## Disable auto-chomp, emit status, and allow us to resume if ^C...
 $i = iterator_file( 'mydata.txt',
                     'chomp'  => 0,
                     'status' => 1,
                     'resume' => 1,
                    );
 while( $i++ ) {
   &something_interesting( $i );
 }
 
 
 ## OO style...
 $i = iterator_file( 'mydata.txt' );
 while( $i->next() ) {
   &something_interesting( $i->value() );
 }

DESCRIPTION ^

Iterator_File is an attempt to take some repetition & tedium out of processing a flat file. Whenever doing so, I found myself adapting prior scripts so that processes could be resumed, emit status, etc. Hence an itch (and this module) was born.

FUNCTIONS ^

iterator_file($file, %config)

Returns an Iterator::File object. See %config section below for additional information on options.

METHODS ^

new(%config)

The constructor returns a new Iterator::File object, handling arugment defaults & validation, and automatically invoking initialize.

initialize()

Executes all startup work required before iteration. E.g., opening resources, detecting if a prior process terminated early & resuming, etc.

next(), '++'

Increment the iterator & return the new value.

value(), string context

Return the current value, without advancing.

advance_to( $location )

Advance the iterator to $location. If $location is behind the current location, behavior is undefined. (I.e., don't do that.)

finish()

Automatically invoked when the complete list is process. If the process dies before the last item of the list, this process is intentionally not invoked.

%config options ^

General

chmop

Automatically chomp each line. Default: enabled.

verbose

Enable verbose messaging for things such as temporary files. Default: disabled.

Note: for status messages, see Status below

debug

Enable debugging messages. It can also be enabled by setting the environmental variable ITERATOR_FILE_DEBUG to something true (to avoid modifying code to enable it). Default: disabled.

Resume

resume

If enabled, Iterator::File will keep track of which lines you've seen, even between invokations. That way if you program unexpectedly dies (e.g., via a bug or ^C), you can pick up where you left off just by running your program again. Default: disabled.

repeat_on_resume

If enabled, Iterator::File will error on the side of giving you the same line twice between invocations. E.g., if your program were to be restarted after dieing on the 100th line, repeat_on_resume would give you the 100th line on the 2nd invocation (verus the 101th). Default: disabled.

update_frequency

How often to update state. For very large data sets with light individual processing requirements, it may be worth setting to something other than 1. Default: 1.

state_class

Options: Iterator::File::State::TempFile and Iterator::File::State::IPCShareable. TempFile is the default and in a lot of cases should be good enough. If you have philosophical objections to a frequently changing value living on disk (or a really, really slow disk), you can used shared memory via IPC::Sharable.

Status

status_method

What algorithm to use to display status. Options are emit_status_logarithmic, emit_status_fixed_line_interval, and emit_status_fixed_time_interval.

emit_status_fixed_time_interval will display status logarithmically. I.e., 1, 2, 3 ... 9, 10, 20, 30 ... 90, 100, 200, 300 ... 900, 1000, 2000, etc.

emit_status_fixed_line_interval display status every X lines, where X is defined by status_line_interval.

emit_status_fixed_time_interval display status every X lines, where X is defined by status_time_interval.

Default: emit_status_logarithmic.

status_line_interval

If status_method is emit_status_fixed_line_interval, controls how frequently to display status. Default: 10 (lines).

status_time_interval

If status_method is emit_status_time_line_interval, controls how frequently to display status. Default: 2 (seconds).

status_filehandle

Filehandle to use for printing status. Default: STDERR.

status_line

Format of status line. Default: "Processing row '%d'...\n".

BUGS & CAVEATS ^

Do not call chop or chomp on the iterator!! Unfortuntely, doing so destorys your object & leaves you with a plain ol' string. :(

SEE ALSO ^

Iterator::File

AUTHOR ^

William Reardon, <wdr1@pobox.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) 2008 by William Reardon

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.8.8 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.

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