Sullivan Beck > Locale-Codes > Locale::Codes::Country

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NAME ^

Locale::Codes::Country - standard codes for country identification

SYNOPSIS ^

   use Locale::Codes::Country;

   $country = code2country('jp' [,CODESET]);        # $country gets 'Japan'
   $code    = country2code('Norway' [,CODESET]);    # $code gets 'no'

   @codes   = all_country_codes( [CODESET]);
   @names   = all_country_names();

   # semi-private routines
   Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country('gb' => 'Great Britain');

DESCRIPTION ^

This module provides access to several code sets that can be used for identifying countries, such as those defined in ISO 3166-1.

Most of the routines take an optional additional argument which specifies the code set to use. If not specified, the default ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes will be used.

SUPPORTED CODE SETS ^

There are several different code sets you can use for identifying countries. A code set may be specified using either a name, or a constant that is automatically exported by this module.

For example, the two are equivalent:

   $country = code2country('jp','alpha-2');
   $country = code2country('jp',LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2);

The codesets currently supported are:

alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2

This is the set of two-letter (lowercase) codes from ISO 3166-1, such as 'tv' for Tuvalu.

This is the default code set.

alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_3

This is the set of three-letter (lowercase) codes from ISO 3166-1, such as 'brb' for Barbados. These codes are actually defined and maintained by the U.N. Statistics division.

numeric, LOCALE_CODE_NUMERIC

This is the set of three-digit numeric codes from ISO 3166-1, such as 064 for Bhutan. These codes are actually defined and maintained by the U.N. Statistics division.

If a 2-digit code is entered, it is converted to 3 digits by prepending a 0.

dom, LOCALE_CODE_DOM

The IANA is responsible for delegating management of the top level country domains. The country domains are the two-letter (lowercase) codes from ISO 3166 with a few other additions.

NOTE: As of version 3.27, the FIPS code set is no longer supported. See the Locale::Codes::Changes document for details.

ROUTINES ^

code2country(CODE [,CODESET] [,'retired'])
country2code(NAME [,CODESET] [,'retired'])
country_code2code(CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2)
all_country_codes([CODESET] [,'retired'])
all_country_names([CODESET] [,'retired'])
Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country(CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET])
Locale::Codes::Country::add_country(CODE ,NAME [,CODESET])
Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country(CODE [,CODESET])
Locale::Codes::Country::add_country_alias(NAME ,NEW_NAME)
Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country_alias(NAME)
Locale::Codes::Country::rename_country_code(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET])
Locale::Codes::Country::add_country_code_alias(CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET])
Locale::Codes::Country::delete_country_code_alias(CODE [,CODESET])

These routines are all documented in the Locale::Codes::API man page.

SEE ALSO ^

Locale::Codes

The Locale-Codes distribution.

Locale::Codes::API

The list of functions supported by this module.

Locale::SubCountry

ISO codes for country sub-divisions (states, counties, provinces, etc), as defined in ISO 3166-2. This module is not part of the Locale-Codes distribution, but is available from CPAN in CPAN/modules/by-module/Locale/

http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes.htm

Official home page for the ISO 3166 maintenance agency.

http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/iso-3166-1_decoding_table.htm

The source of ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes used by this module.

http://www.iana.org/domains/root/db/

Official source of the top-level domain names.

http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm

The source of the official ISO 3166-1 three-letter codes and three-digit codes.

For some reason, this table is incomplete! Several countries are missing from it, and I cannot find them anywhere on the UN site. I no longer use this as a source of data.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/print_appendix-d.html

The World Factbook maintained by the CIA is a potential source of the data. Unfortunately, it adds/preserves non-standard codes, so it is no longer used as a source of data.

http://www.statoids.com/wab.html

Another unofficial source of data. Currently, it is not used to get data, but the notes and explanatory material were very useful for understanding discrepancies between the sources.

AUTHOR ^

See Locale::Codes for full author history.

Currently maintained by Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org).

COPYRIGHT ^

   Copyright (c) 1997-2001 Canon Research Centre Europe (CRE).
   Copyright (c) 2001-2010 Neil Bowers
   Copyright (c) 2010-2015 Sullivan Beck

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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