Kevin Ryde > Math-PlanePath > Math::PlanePath::HeptSpiralSkewed

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NAME ^

Math::PlanePath::HeptSpiralSkewed -- integer points around a skewed seven sided spiral

SYNOPSIS ^

 use Math::PlanePath::HeptSpiralSkewed;
 my $path = Math::PlanePath::HeptSpiralSkewed->new;
 my ($x, $y) = $path->n_to_xy (123);

DESCRIPTION ^

This path makes a seven-sided spiral by cutting one corner of a square

    31-30-29-28                       3
     |         \
    32 14-13-12 27                    2
     |  |      \  \
    33 15  4--3 11 26                 1
     |  |  |   \  \  \
    34 16  5  1--2 10 25         <- Y=0
     |  |  |        |  |
    35 17  6--7--8--9 24             -1
     |  |              |
    36 18-19-20-21-22-23             -2
     |
    37-38-39-40-41-...               -3

              ^
    -3 -2 -1 X=0 1  2  3

The path is as if around a heptagon, with the left and bottom here as two sides of the heptagon straightened out, and the flat top here skewed across to fit a square grid.

N Start

The default is to number points starting N=1 as shown above. An optional n_start can give a different start, in the same pattern. For example to start at 0,

    30 29 28 27              n_start => 0
    31 13 12 11 26
    32 14  3  2 10 25
    33 15  4  0  1  9 24
    34 16  5  6  7  8 23
    35 17 18 19 20 21 22
    36 37 38 39 40 ...

FUNCTIONS ^

See "FUNCTIONS" in Math::PlanePath for behaviour common to all path classes.

$path = Math::PlanePath::HeptSpiralSkewed->new ()
$path = Math::PlanePath::HeptSpiralSkewed->new (n_start => $n)

Create and return a new path object.

$n = $path->xy_to_n ($x,$y)

Return the point number for coordinates $x,$y. $x and $y are each rounded to the nearest integer, which has the effect of treating each N in the path as centred in a square of side 1, so the entire plane is covered.

FORMULAS ^

N to X,Y

It's convenient to work in terms of Nstart=0 and to take each loop as beginning on the South-West diagonal,

              top length = d

              30-29-28-27
               |         \
              31          26    diagonal length = d
   left        |            \
   length     32             25
    = 2*d      |               \
              33        0       24
               |                 |    right
              34     .          23    length = d-1
               |                 |
              35 17-18-19-20-21-22
               |
               .    bottom length = 2*d-1

The SW diagonal is N=0,5,17,36,etc which is

    N = (7d-11)*d/2 + 2           # starting d=1 first loop

This can be inverted to get d from N

    d = floor( (sqrt(56*N+9)+11)/14 )

The side lengths are as shown above. The first loop is d=1 and for it the "right" vertical length is zero, so no such side on that first loop 0 <= N < 5.

OEIS ^

Entries in Sloane's Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences related to this path include

http://oeis.org/A192136 (etc)

    n_start=1
      A140065    N on Y axis

    n_start=0
      A001106    N on X axis, 9-gonal numbers
      A218471    N on Y axis
      A022265    N on X negative axis
      A179986    N on Y negative axis, second 9-gonals
      A195023    N on X=Y diagonal
      A022264    N on North-West diagonal
      A186029    N on South-West diagonal
      A024966    N on South-East diagonal

SEE ALSO ^

Math::PlanePath, Math::PlanePath::SquareSpiral, Math::PlanePath::PentSpiralSkewed, Math::PlanePath::HexSpiralSkewed

HOME PAGE ^

http://user42.tuxfamily.org/math-planepath/index.html

LICENSE ^

Copyright 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Kevin Ryde

This file is part of Math-PlanePath.

Math-PlanePath is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later version.

Math-PlanePath is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with Math-PlanePath. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

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