Net::DNS::RR::RRSIG - DNS RRSIG resource record
Class for DNS Address (RRSIG) resource records. In addition to the regular methods in the Net::DNS::RR the Class contains a method to sign RRsets using private keys (create). And a class for verifying signatures over RRsets (verify).
The RRSIG RR is an implementation of RFC 4034. See Net::DNS::RR::SIG for an impelementation of SIG0 (RFC 2931).
Create a signature over a RR set.
my $keypath= "/home/olaf/keys/Kbla.foo.+001+60114.private"; my $sigrr= create Net::DNS::RR::RRSIG(\@datarrset, $keypath); my $sigrr= create Net::DNS::RR::RRSIG(\@datarrset, $keypath, %arguments); $sigrr->print; #Alternatively use Net::DNS::SEC::Private my $private=Net::DNS::SEC::Private-new( "/home/olaf/keys/Kbla.foo.+001+60114.private"); my $sigrr= create Net::DNS::RR::RRSIG(\@datarrset, $private);
create is an alternative constructor for a RRSIG RR object.
The first argument is either reference to an array that contains the RRset that needs to be signed.
The second argument is a string containing the path to a file containing the the private key as generated with dnssec-keygen, a program that commes with the bind distribution.
The third argument is an anonymous hash containing the following possible arguments:
( ttl => 3600, # TTL sigin => 20010501010101, # signature inception sigex => 20010501010101, # signature expiration sigval => 1.5 # signature validity )
The default for the ttl is 3600 seconds. sigin and sigex need to be specified in the following format 'yyyymmddhhmmss'. The default for sigin is the time of signing.
sigval is the validity of the signature in minutes for SIG0s and days for other signatures (sigex=sigin+sigval). If sigval is specified then sigex is ignored. The default for sigval is 5 minutes for SIG0s and 30 days other types of signatures.
- Do not change the name of the file generated by dnssec-keygen, the create method uses the filename as generated by dnssec-keygen to determine the keyowner, algorithm and the keyid (keytag).
- Only RSA signatures (algorithm 1,5 and 7) and DSA signatures (algorithm 3, and 6) have been implemented.
print "typecovered =", $rr->typecovered, "\n"
Returns the qtype covered by the sig.
print "algorithm =", $rr->algorithm, "\n"
Returns the algorithm number used for the signature
print "labels =", $rr->labels, "\n"
Returns the the number of labels of the RRs over wich the sig was made.
print "orgttl =", $rr->orgttl, "\n"
Returns the RRs the original TTL of the signature
print "sigexpiration =", $rr->sigexpiration, "\n"
Returns the expiration date of the signature
print "siginception =", $rr->siginception, "\n"
Returns the date the signature was incepted.
print "keytag =", $rr->keytag, "\n"
Returns the the keytag (key id) of the key the sig was made with. Read "KeyID Bug in bind." below.
print "signame =", $rr->signame, "\n"
Returns the name of the public KEY RRs this sig was made with.
print "sig =", $rr->sig, "\n"
Returns the base64 representation of the signature.
$sigrr->verify($data, $keyrr) || croak $sigrr->vrfyerrstr; $sigrr->verify($data, [$keyrr, $keyrr2, $keyrr3]) || croak $sigrr->vrfyerrstr;
If $data contains a reference to an array of RR objects then them method verifies the RRset against the signature contained in the $sigrr object itself using the public key in $keyrr. Because of the KeyID bug in bind (see below) a check on keyid is not performed.
If $data contains a reference to a Net::DNS::Packet and if $sig->type equals zero a a sig0 verification is performed. Note that the signature needs to be 'popped' from the packet before verifying.
The second argument can either be a Net::DNS::RR::KEYRR object or a reference to an array of such objects. Verification will return successful as soon as one of the keys in the array leads to positive validation.
Returns 0 on error and sets $sig->vrfyerrstr
my $sigrr=$packet->pop("additional"); print $sigrr->vrfyerrstr unless $sigrr1->verify($update1, $keyrr1);
- The code is not optimized for speed whatsoever. It is probably not suitable to be used for signing large zones.
- Clean up the code.
- If this code is still around by 2030 you have a few years to check the proper handling of times...
- Add wildcard handling
Andy Vaskys (Network Associates Laboratories) supplied the code for handling RSA with SHA1 (Algorithm 5).
Chris Reinardt for maintianing Net::DNS.
T.J. Mather, <email@example.com>, the Crypt::OpenSSL::DSA maintainer, for his quick responses to bug report and feature requests.
Copyright (c) 2001 - 2005 RIPE NCC. Author Olaf M. Kolkman Copyright (c) 2007 - 2008 NLnet Labs. Author Olaf M. Kolkman <firstname.lastname@example.org>
All Rights Reserved
Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the name of the author not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the software without specific, written prior permission.
THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS; IN NO EVENT SHALL AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
Based on, and contains, code by Copyright (c) 1997 Michael Fuhr.
This code uses Crypt::OpenSSL which uses the openssl library