Steffen Ullrich > Net-SIP > Net::SIP::Simple

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NAME ^

Net::SIP::Simple - Simple interface for using Net::SIP

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Net::SIP;

  # create new agent
  my $ua = Net::SIP::Simple->new(
        outgoing_proxy => '192.168.0.10',
        registrar => '192.168.0.10',
        domain => 'example.com',
        from => 'me',
        auth => [ 'me','secret' ],
  );

  # Register agent
  $ua->register;

  # Invite other party, send anncouncement once connected
  $ua->invite( 'you',
        init_media => $ua->rtp( 'send_recv', 'announcement.pcmu-8000' ),
        asymetric_rtp => 1,
  );

  # Mainloop
  $ua->loop;

DESCRIPTION ^

This package implements a simple layer on top of Net::SIP::Endpoint, Net::SIP::Registrar and Net::SIP::StatelessProxy. With the help of this package it is possible to write simple SIP applications with a few lines perl code.

CONSTRUCTOR ^

new ( %ARGS )

Creates new Net::SIP::Simple object.

It will return the new object for further operations, but the object itself will contain back references to itself in the form of callbacks into the eventloop and dispatcher. This means that that object will not self-destroy, but you need to call cleanup if you want it to go away.

%ARGS can be:

outgoing_proxy|proxy

"ip:port" of outgoing proxy. The necessary Net::SIP::Leg to the proxy will be created if no leg exists.

registrar

"ip:port" of registrar. Used in method register if there is no other registrar given.

legs|leg

\@List of legs or single leg. Leg can be an existing Net::SIP::Leg (or derived) object, an IO::Handle (existing socket), a hash reference which can be used in the constructor of Net::SIP::Leg or a string of "proto:ip:port". In the latter case proto can be ommitted (including the colon) and defaults to 'udp' and port can be ommitted to (including the colon) defaulting to 5060.

Either legs or outgoing_proxy has to be provided, e.g. it needs at least one leg.

auth

Authorization data, see method authorize in Net::SIP::Request for details about the format.

domain

Default domain for not fully qualified SIP addresses in from and to (method invite).

from

SIP address of local sender, either full SIP address or only part before \@, in which case domain has to be provided.

contact

SIP address of local sender, which should be used in the contact header of REGISTER and INVITE requests. If not given from will be used.

options

This is a hash reference containing headers (header-key,value) for replies to an OPTIONS request. If not or only partly given defaults will be used for the headers Allow, Accept, Accept-Encoding, Accept-Language and Supported.

route

Optional list of SIP routes which will be added to route requests.

loop

Eventloop object for dispatcher, see Net::SIP::Dispatcher::Eventloop. Usually not given, because the loop from the dispatcher will be used, but can be given if no dispatcher was given.

dispatcher

Net::SIP::Dispatcher object. Usually not given and will be created, but sometimes one need to share the same dispatcher between multiple Net::SIP::Simple objects.

domain2proxy|d2p

Hash with mapping between domain and upstream proxy. See same key in the constructor of Net::SIP::Dispatcher for more details.

METHODS ^

cleanup

Cleans up object, removes legs it added from the dispatcher. Needs to be called if you want to destroy the object, because it will not self-destroy (see new).

error ( ERROR )

Either sets current error (used internally) or returns last error.

loop ( [ TIMEOUT, @STOPVAR ] )

Calls the event loops (key loop in constructor> loop method. TIMEOUT is the timeout for the loop in seconds. If not given it will not stop because of timeout. @STOPVAR is a list of scalar references, will stop the loop if any of these references contains TRUE. See method loop in Net::SIP::Dispatcher::Eventloop for more details.

The order of TIMEOUT or the STOPVARs is insignificant, e.g. if it finds a reference it will use it as stopvar, otherwise it's used as timeout.

add_timer ( WHEN, CALLBACK, [ REPEAT ] )

Calls same method from the Net::SIP::Dispatcher object in $self. See there for details on arguments.

rtp ( METHOD,@ARGS )

Calls the method METHOD in Net::SIP::Simple::RTP with arguments @ARGS. Currently only does this and thus works as a shortcut. In the future one might add more ways to find the right method for RTP handling (e.g. plugins or similar).

register ( %ARGS )

Registers the user agent. %ARGS can have the key registrar which has precedence over the same key in the constructor. leg specifies the leg where the register request will be send through. If not given it will pick the right leg.

If cb_final is specified it is a callback usable by invoke_callback in Net::SIP::Util which will be called, once the registration is completed (e.g. it succeeded or failed). If no cb_final is specified the method will wait, until the registration is completed and return either the expires time given by the registrar or () if registration failed.

All other keys, like contact, expires, resp40x, auth will be forwarded to method register in Net::SIP::Endpoint. from and auth will be used from %ARGS or if not in %ARGS from the constructor.

invite ( CTX,%ARGS )

Creates a new call and invites peer. Creates a new Net::SIP::Simple::Call object with context CTX and creates an INVITE request for this call using %ARGS. See reinvite in Net::SIP::Simple::Call for more info on %ARGS.

CTX can be address of peer or context hash containing the address.

Returns with the newly created Net::SIP::Simple::Call object, which can later be used for reINVITEs or BYE etc.

listen ( %ARGS )

Sets up waiting on all legs in $self for incoming calls, e.g. new INVITE requests. All other incoming packets will be dropped. If a call comes in a new Net::SIP::Simple::Call object will be created using %ARGS.

The method does not wait for the calls, its setting only the callback on the legs up. Thus it has to be followed by a call to loop.

If %ARGS contain auth_* keys an Authorizer will be added before the listener. See Net::SIP::Authorize for the keys, e.g. auth_user2pass will be forwarded as user2pass etc to the authorizer.

Special keys not described in Net::SIP::Simple::Call:

filter

A callback usable by invoke_callback in Net::SIP::Util which gets called with the value of the From header and the Net::SIP::Request object from the incoming request. If the callback returns TRUE the call gets accepted, otherwise not.

cb_create

Callback which will be called on accepting the call. Will be called with CALL,REQUEST,LEG,FROM where CALL is the newly created Net::SIP::Simple::Call object, REQUEST the creating Net::SIP::Request packet, LEG the incoming leg and FROM the "ip:port" of the sender.

Must return TRUE or the call gets not answered.

cb_established

Callback which will be called, after the call is established, e.g. after receiving the ACK from the peer. Will be invoked with 'OK' and the Net::SIP::Simple::Call object as argument.

cb_cleanup

Callback which will be called when the call gets closed to clean up allocated resources. Will be invoked with the Net::SIP::Simple::Call object as argument.

create_auth ( %ARGS )

Sets up authorization. See Net::SIP::Authorize for the meaning of %ARGS. The returned object should be used together with other objects within create_chain.

create_registrar ( %ARGS )

Sets up a simple registrar using Net::SIP::Registrar. See there for the meaning of %ARGS.

Like with listen you need to loop after calling this method, the method itself will not wait.

Like with listen authorization can be added uses auth_* keys.

create_stateless_proxy ( %ARGS )

Sets up a simple proxy using Net::SIP::StatelessProxy. See there for the meaning of %ARGS.

Like with listen you need to loop after calling this method, the method itself will not wait.

Like with listen authorization can be added uses auth_* keys.

create_chain ( OBJECTS, %ARGS )

Sets up a chain using Net::SIP::ReceiveChain. See there for the meaning of OBJECT and %ARGS.

Like with listen you need to loop after calling this method, the method itself will not wait.

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