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Module Version: 0.22   Source  

NAME ^

Object::Declare - Declarative object constructor

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Object::Declare ['MyApp::Column', 'MyApp::Param'];

    my %objects = declare {

    param foo =>
       !is global,
        is immutable,
        valid_values are qw( more values );

    column bar =>
        field1 is 'value',
        field2 is 'some_other_value',
        sub_params are param( is happy ), param ( is sad );

    };

    print $objects{foo}; # a MyApp::Param object
    print $objects{bar}; # a MyApp::Column object

    # Assuming that MyApp::Column::new simply blesses into a hash...
    print $objects{bar}{sub_params}[0]; # a MyApp::Param object
    print $objects{bar}{sub_params}[1]; # a MyApp::Param object

DESCRIPTION ^

This module exports one function, declare, for building named objects with a declarative syntax, similar to how Jifty::DBI::Schema defines its columns.

In list context, declare returns a list of name/object pairs in the order of declaration (allowing duplicates), suitable for putting into a hash. In scalar context, declare returns a hash reference.

Using a flexible import interface, one can change exported helper functions names (declarator), words to link labels and values together (copula), and the table of named classes to declare (mapping):

    use Object::Declare
        declarator  => ['declare'],     # list of declarators
        copula      => {                # list of words, or a map
            is  => '',                  #  from copula to label prefixes,
            are => '',                  #  or to callback that e.g. turns
            has => sub { has => @_ },   #  "has X" to "has is X" and
                                        #  "X has 1" to "has is [X => 1]"
        },
        aliases     => {                # list of label aliases:
            more => 'less',             #  turns "is more" into "is less"
                                        #  and "more is 1" into "less is 1"
        },
        mapping     => {
            column => 'MyApp::Column',  # class name to call ->new to
            param  => sub {             # arbitrary coderef also works
                bless(\@_, 'MyApp::Param');
            },
        };

After the declarator block finishes execution, all helper functions are removed from the package. Same-named functions (such as &is and &are) that existed before the declarator's execution are restored correctly.

NOTES ^

If you export the declarator to another package via @EXPORT, be sure to export all mapping keys as well. For example, this will work for the example above:

    our @EXPORT = qw( declare column param );

But this will not:

    our @EXPORT = qw( declare );

The copula are not turned into functions, so there is no need to export them.

AUTHORS ^

Audrey Tang <cpan@audreyt.org>

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright 2006, 2007 by Audrey Tang <cpan@audreyt.org>.

This software is released under the MIT license cited below.

The "MIT" License

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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