Philip Gwyn > POE-Component-IKC > POE::Component::IKC::Responder

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NAME ^

POE::Component::IKC::Responder - POE IKC state handler

SYNOPSIS ^

    use POE;
    use POE::Component::IKC::Responder;
    create_ikc_responder();
    ...
    $kernel->post('IKC', 'post', $to_state, $state);

    $ikc->publish('my_name', [qw(state1 state2 state3)]);

DESCRIPTION ^

This module implements POE IKC state handling. The responder handles posting states to foreign kernels and calling states in the local kernel at the request of foreign kernels.

There are 2 interfaces to the responder. Either by sending states to the 'IKC' session or the object interface. While the latter is faster, the better behaved, because POE is a cooperative system.

STATES/METHODS ^

spawn

    POE::Component::IKC::Responder->spawn();

This function creates the Responder session and object. Normally, POE::Component::IKC::Client or POE::Component::IKC::Server does this for you. But in some applications you want to make sure that the Responder is up and running before then.

post

Sends an state request to a foreign kernel. Returns logical true if the state was sent and logical false if it was unable to send the request to the foreign kernel. This does not mean that the foreign kernel was able to post the state, however. Parameters are as follows :

foreign_state

Specifier for the foreign state. See POE::Component::IKC::Specifier.

parameters

A reference to anything you want the foreign state to get as ARG0. If you want to specify several parameters, use an array ref and have the foreign state dereference it.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'post', 
        {kernel=>'Syslog', session=>'logger', state=>'log'},
        [$faculty, $priority, $message];

or

    $ikc->post('poe://Syslog/logger/log', [$faculty, $priority, $message]);

This logs an state with a hypothetical logger.

See the "PROXY SENDER" below.

call

This is identical to post, except it has a 3rd parameter that describes what state should receive the return value from the foreign kernel.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'call', 
                'poe://Pulse/timeserver/time', '',
                'poe:get_time');

or

    $ikc->call({kernel=>'Pulse', session=>'timeserver', state=>'time'},
                '', 'poe://me/get_time');

This asks the foreign kernel 'Pulse' for the time. 'get_time' state in the current session is posted with whatever the foreign state returned.

You do not have to publish callback messages, because they are temporarily published. How temporary? They can be posted from a remote kernel ONCE only. This, of course, is a problem because someone else could get in a post before the callback. Such is life.

foreign_state

Identical to the post foreign_state parameter.

parameters

Identical to the post parameters parameter.

rsvp

Event identification for the callback. That is, this state is called with the return value of the foreign state. Can be a foreign_state specifier or simply the name of an state in the current session.

    $kernel->call('IKC', 'post', 
        {kernel=>'e-comm', session=>'CC', state=>'check'},
        {CC=>$cc, expiry=>$expiry}, folder=>$holder},
        'is_valid');
    # or
    $ikc->call('poe://e-comm/CC/check',
        {CC=>$cc, expiry=>$expiry}, folder=>$holder},
        'poe://me/is_valid');

This asks the e-comm server to check if a credit card number is "well formed". Yes, this would probably be massive overkill.

The rsvp state does not need to be published. IKC keeps track of the rsvp state and will allow the foreign kernel to post to it.

See the "PROXY SENDER" below.

default

Sets the default foreign kernel. You must be connected to the foreign kernel first.

Unique parameter is the name of the foreign kernel kernel.

Returns logical true on success.

register

Registers foreign kernel names with the responder. This is done during the negociation phase of IKC and is normaly handled by IKC::Channel. Will define the default kernel if no previous default kernel exists.

First parameter is either a single kernel name. Second optional parameter is an array ref of kernel aliases to be registered.

unregister

Unregisters one or more foreign kernel names with the responder. This is done when the foreign kernel disconnects by POE::Component::IKC::Channel. If this is the default kernel, there is no more default kernel.

First parameter is either a single kernel name or a kernel alias. Second optional parameter is an array ref of kernel aliases to be unregistered. This second parameter is a tad silly, because if you unregister a remote kernel, it goes without saying that all it's aliases get unregistered also.

register_local

Registers new aliases for local kernel with the responder. This is done internally by POE::Component::IKC::Server and POE::Component::IKC::Client. Will NOT define the default kernel.

First and only parameter is an array ref of kernel aliases to be registered.

publish

Tell IKC that some states in the current session are available for use by foreign sessions.

session

A session alias by which the foreign kernels will call it. The alias must already have been registered with the local kernel.

states

Arrayref of states that foreign kernels may post.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'publish', 'me', [qw(foo bar baz)]);
    # or
    $ikc->publish('me', [qw(foo bar baz)]);

retract

Tell IKC that some states should no longer be available for use by foreign sessions. You do not have to retract all published states.

session

Same as in publish

states

Same as in publish. If not supplied, *all* published states are retracted.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'retract', 'me', [qw(foo mibble dot)]);
    # or
    $ikc->retract('me', [qw(foo)]);

published

    $list=$kernel->call(IKC=>'published', $session);

Returns a list of all the published states.

    $hash=$kernel->call(IKC=>'published');

Returns a hashref, keyed on session IDs. Values are arrayref of states published by that session.

session

A session alias that you wish the list of states for.

subscribe

Subscribe to foreign sessions or states. When you have subscribed to a foreign session, a proxy session is created on the local kernel that will allow you to post to it like any other local session.

specifiers

An arrayref of the session or state specifiers you wish to subscribe to. While the wildcard '*' kernel may be used, only the first kernel that acknowledges the subscription will be proxied.

callback

Either a state (for the state interface) or a coderef (for the object interface) that is posted (or called) when all subscription requests have either been replied to, or have timed out.

When called, it has a single parameter, an arrayref of all the specifiers that IKC was able to subscribe to. It is up to you to see if you have enough of the foreign sessions or states to get the job done, or if you should give up.

While callback isn't required, it makes a lot of sense to use it because it is only way to find out when the proxy sessions become available.

Example :

    $ikc->subscribe([qw(poe://Pulse/timeserver)], 
            sub { $kernel->post('poe://Pulse/timeserver', 'connect') });

(OK, that's a bad example because we don't check if we actually managed to subscribe or not.)

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'subscribe', 
                    [qw(poe://e-comm/CC poe://TouchNet/validation
                        poe://Cantax/JDE poe://Informatrix/JDE)
                    ],
                    'poe:subscribed',
                  );
    # and in state 'subscribed'
    sub subscribed
    {
        my($kernel, $specs)=@_[KERNEL, ARG0];
        if(@$specs != 4)
        {
            die "Unable to find all the foreign sessions needed";
        }
        $kernel->post('poe://Cantax/JDE', 'write', {...somevalues...});
    }                

This is a bit of a mess. You might want to use the subscribe parameter to "spawn" instead.

Subscription receipt timeout is currently set to 120 seconds.

unsubscribe

Reverse of the "subscribe" method. However, it is currently not documented well.

ping

Responds with 'PONG'. This is auto-published, so it can be called from remote kernels to see if the local kernel is still around. In fact, I don't see any other use for this.

    $kernel->post('poe://remote/IKC', 'ping', 'some_state');
    $kernel->delay('some_state', 60);   # timeout
    
    sub some_state
    {
        my($pong)=$_[ARG0];
        return if $pong;            # all is cool
        
        # YOW!  Remote kernel timed out.  RUN AROUND SCREAMING!
    }

shutdown

Hopefully causes IKC and all peripheral sessions to dissapear in a puff of smoke. At the very least, any sessions left will be either not related to IKC or barely breathing (that is, only have aliases keeping them from GC). This should allow you to sanely shut down your process.

monitor

Allows a session to monitor the state of remote kernels. Currently, a session is informed when a remote kernel is registered, unregistered, subscribed to or unsubscribed from. One should make sure that the IKC alias exists before trying to monitor. Do this by calling POE::Component::IKC::Responder->spawn or in an on_connect callback.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'monitor', $remote_kernel_id, $states);
$remote_kernel_id

Name or alias or IKC specifier of the remote kernel you wish to monitor. You can also specify * to monitor ALL remote kernels. If you do, your monitor will be called several times for a given kernel. This is because a kernel has one name and many aliases. For example, a remote kernel will have a unique ID within the local kernel, a name (passed to or generated by create_ikc_{kernel,client}) and a globaly unique ID assigned by the remote kernel via $kernel->ID. This suprises some people, but see the short note after the explanation of the callback parameters.

Note: An effort has been made to insure that when monitoring *, "register" is first called with the remote kernel's unique ID, and subsequent calls are aliases. This can't be guaranteed at this time, however.

$states

Hashref that specifies what callback states are called when something interesting happens. If $state is empty or undef, the session will no longer monitor the given remote kernel.

Callback states

The following states can be monitored:

channel

Called when a channel becomes ready or goes away. ARG3 is either ready or close. ARG4 is the numerical ID of the channel's session. See "CHANNELS" below.

register

Called when a remote kernel or alias is registered. This is equivalent to when the connection phase is finished.

unregister

Called when a remote kernel or alias is unregistered. This is equivalent to when the remote kernel disconnects.

subscribe

Called when IKC succeeds in subscribing to a remote session. ARG3 is an IKC::Specifier of what was subscribed to. Use this for posting to the proxy session.

unsubscribe

Called when IKC succeeds in unsubscribing from a remote session.

shutdown

You are informed whenever someone tries to do a sane shutdown of IKC and all peripheral sessions. This will called only once, after somebody posts an IKC/shutdown event.

error

You are informed of errors in local and remote kernels. ARG3 is the operation that failed. ARG4 is the error message. See "ERRORS" below.

data

Little bit of data (can be scalar or reference) that is passed to the callback. This allows you to more magic.

The callback states are called the following parameters :

ARG0

Name of the kernel that was passed to poe://*/IKC/monitor

ARG1

ID or alias of remote kernel from IKC's point of view.

ARG2

A flag. If this is true, then ARG1 is the remote kernel unique ID, if false, then ARG1 is an alias. This is mostly useful when monitoring * and is in fact a bit bloatful.

ARG3

$state->{data} ie any data you want.

ARG4 ... ARGN

Callback-specific parameters. See above.

Most of the time, ARG0 and ARG1 will be the same. Exceptions are if you are monitoring * or if you supplied a full IKC event specifier to IKC/monitor rather then just a plain kernel name.

Short note about monitoring all kernels with *

There are 2 reasons circonstances in which you will be monitoring all remote kernels : names known in advance and names unknown in advance.

If you know kernel names in advance, you might be better off monitoring a given kernel name. However, you might prefer doing a case-like compare on ARG1 (with regexes, say). This would be useful for clustering, where various redundant kernels could follow a naming convention like [application]-[host], so you could compare ARG1 with /^credit-/ to find out if you want to set up specific things for that kernel.

Not knowing the name of a kernel in advance, you could be doing some sort of autodiscovery or maybe just monitoring for debuging, logging or book-keeping purposes. You obviously don't want to do autodiscovery for every alias of every kernel, only for the "cannonical name", hence the need for ARG2.

Short note the second

You are more then allowed (in fact, you are encouraged) to use the same callback states when monitoring multiple kernels. In this case, you will find ARG0 useful for telling them apart.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'monitor', '*', 
                    {register=>'remote_register',
                     unregister=>'remote_unregister',
                     subscribe=>'remote_subscribe',
                     unsubscribe=>'remote_unsubscribe',
                     data=>'magic box'});

Now remote_{register,unregister,subscribe,unsubscribe} is called for any remote kernel.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'monitor', 'Pulse', {register=>'pulse_connected'});

pulse_connected will be called in current session when you succeed in connecting to a kernel called 'Pulse'.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'monitor', '*');

Session is no longer monitoring all kernels, only 'Pulse'.

    $kernel->post('IKC', 'monitor', 'Pulse', {});

Now we aren't even interested in 'Pulse';

CHANNELS ^

Previous versions of IKC did not adequately allow you to control a connection. With 0.2400 we added a much needed feature.

Each connection to a remote kernel is handled by a channel session. You find out the session's ID by monitoring for "channel" operations. You may close a channel and the corresponding connection to the remote kernel by sending it a "shutdown" event.

    sub _start {
        # set up the monitor
        $poe_kernel->call( IKC => monitor => '*' => { channel => 'channel' } );
    }

    sub channel {
        my( $self, $rid, $rkernel, $real, $data, $op, $channel ) = @_[ OBJECT, ARG0..$#_ ];
        return unless $real;    # only care about the real kernel ID
        if( $op eq 'ready' ) {  # new channel is ready
            $self->{channel}{ $rkernel } = $channel;
        }
        elsif( $op eq 'close' ) {   # channel is gone
            delete $self->{channel}{ $rkernel };
        }
    }

    # this an event posted from your controler logic
    sub close_channel {
        my( $self, $rkernel ) = @_[ OBJECT, ARG0 ];
        # tell the channel to close
        $poe_kernel->post( $self->{channel}{ $rkernel } => 'shutdown' );
    }

ERRORS ^

Previous versions of IKC did not adequately allow you to monitor for errors on a connection. With 0.2400 we started monitoring errors.

There are 2 step during which you can have errors: when opening the connection and during message exchange. These 2 steps are handled diffrently.

You use "on_error" in POE::Component::IKC::Client and "on_error" in POE::Component::IKC::Server to receive errors while a connection is being opened. Note that this includes the initial IKC handshake.

    sub on_error 
    {
        my( $op, $errnum, $errstr ) = @_;
        # Handle this like you would any POE socket error
        # But remember you can't rely on your session being active
    }

You use "monitor" on error to receive errors during message exchange. ARG3 is the name of the operation. ARG4 is the error message. Current operations are:

remote-request

Remote kernel was unable to parse a request that was sent from the local kernel.

remote-check

Remote kernel has not published an event that was sent from the local kernel.

remote-resolve

Remote kernel could not find a session that could handle the request.

remote-invocation

Remote kernel had an error when it tried to invoke the request handler. Please note this will not catch errors in the request handler, but only errors in the thunk.

local-request
local-check
local-resolve
local-invocation

These 4 operations are the local equivalent of the previous 4. They are intented for logging. In general no actions are required.

Note that 'local' and 'remote' refer to where the operation happened, not where the request originated. As an example, kernel A sends a poe://B/foo/bar request to kernel B. Kernel B has not published that event. Monitors on kernel A will see remote-check. Monitors on kernel B will see local-check.

channel-error

Receive channel errors during message exchange. Channel errors are equivalent to POE wheel errors. The message will be "[$errnum] $errstr".

subscribe

Failure to subscribe to a remote session.

fork

POE::Component::IKC::Server failed to fork.

resolve

Error when trying to find a remote kernel or session.

Example monitor for error events:

    sub monitor_error
    {   
        my( $self, $rid, $kernel, $real, $data, $op, $message ) = 
                @_[ OBJECT, ARG0 ... $#_ ];
        if( $op =~ /^channel-/ and $message =~ /\[(\d+)\] (.*)/ ) {
            return unless $real;
            my( $errnum, $errstr ) = ( $1, $2 );
            if( $op eq 'channel-read' and $errnum == 0 ) {
                warn "Connection closed";
                return;
            }
        }
        warn "Error during $op: $message";
    }

In particular, you will note we don't do anything when we detect the channel closed. Instead, it is recommended to attempt reconnection in the "unregister" event.

EXPORTED FUNCTIONS ^

create_ikc_responder

DEPRECATED. Please use

    POE::Compontent::IKC::Responder->spawn();

PROXY SENDER ^

Event handlers invoked via IKC will have a proxy SENDER session. You may use it to post back to the remote session.

    $poe_kernel->post( $_[SENDER], 'response', @args );

Normally this proxy session is available during the invocation of the event handler. You may claim it for longer by setting an external reference:

    $heap->{remote} = $_[SENDER]->ID;
    $poe_kernel->refcount_increment( $heap->{remote}, 'MINE' );

POE::Component::IKC will detect this and create a new proxy session for future calls. It will then be UP TO YOU to free the session:

    $poe_kernel->refcount_decrement( $heap->{remote}, 'MINE' );

Note that you will have to publish any events that will be posted back.

BUGS ^

Sending session references and coderefs to a foreign kernel is a bad idea. At some point it would be desirable to recurse through the paramerters and and turn any session references into state specifiers.

The rsvp state in call is a bit problematic. IKC allows it to be posted to once, but doesn't check to see if the foreign kernel is the right one.

retract does not currently tell foreign kernels that have subscribed to a session/state about the retraction.

call()ing a state in a proxied foreign session doesn't work, for obvious reasons.

AUTHOR ^

Philip Gwyn, <perl-ikc at pied.nu>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright 1999-2014 by Philip Gwyn. All rights reserved.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://www.perl.com/language/misc/Artistic.html

SEE ALSO ^

POE, POE::Component::IKC::Server, POE::Component::IKC::Client, POE::Component::IKC::ClientLite, POE::Component::IKC::Channel, POE::Component::IKC::Proxy, POE::Component::IKC::Freezer, POE::Component::IKC::Specifier.

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