Piotr Klaban > Plotter > Graphics::Plotter

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NAME ^

Graphics::Plotter - Perl extension for C++ plotter library from GNU plotutils

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Graphics::Plotter::<Type>;
  use Graphics::Plotter::<Type> qw(parampl);
  use Graphics::Plotter::<Type> qw(:marker_symbols :op_codes);
  use Graphics::Plotter::<Type> qw(:all);

EXAMPLE ^

  $handle = Graphics::Plotter::X->new(STDIN,STDOUT,STDERR);

  if ($handle->openpl() < 0) {
        die "Could not create plotter: $!\n";
  }

  $handle->fspace(0,0,1000,1000);
  $handle->flinewidth(0.25);
  $handle->pencolorname("red");
  $handle->erase();
  $handle->fmove(600,300);
  $handle->line(0,20,40 80);
  if ($handle->closepl() < 0) { die "closepl: $!\n";}

DESCRIPTION ^

Graphics::Plotter module is the Perl implementation of the GNU plotutils' libplotter library - C++ function library for device-independent two-dimensional vector graphics. There is also libplot library, based on C code, but with C++ library you do not need to switch between plotters.

The plotutils distribution is written by Robert Maier <rsm@math.arizona.edu> (http://www.gnu.org/software/plotutils/plotutils.html). Descriptions of functions are based on Chapter 8 of plotutils info documentation.

The latest version of Graphics::Plotter perl module is available at http://w3.man.torun.pl/~makler/prog/Plotter/

The perl program can produce output in one of the following formats:

        X - new window on an X Window System display
        Xdrawable - existed X window or pixmap
        PNM - This is "portable anymap" format (PBM, PGM and PPM)
        GIF - Pseudo GIF (GIF format without LZW compression)
        AI - Adobe Illustrator (parameter ai)
        PS - idraw-editable Postscript (ps)
        Fig - xfig-editable format (fig)
        PCL - HP Printer Control Language format (pcl)
        HPGL - HP Graphics Language (hpgl)
        Tek - understood by Tektronix 4014 terminals (tek)
        Metafile - device-independent GNU graphics format (meta)

To open a plotter you have to create a plotter object, e.g.:

FUNCTION SUMMARY ^

This summary is BASED on plotutils info documentation. See plotutils WWW page for more complete, more current, and more accurate description. This summary is for the orientation only, and should be enough is you do not ancounter any problem, and not using specific driver functions.

Construction/Destruction of Plotters

new ()
new (outfile)
new (infile,outfile,errfile)

creates a Plotter. You can select output, input and error filehandles for that Plotter. It returns the handle which is necessary for manipulating the Plotter. E.g.

        $object = Graphics::Plotter::X->new();
        # or even
        $disp_type = 'Meta'; # or 'X', 'AI', 'PS', etc.
        $plotter = "Graphics::Plotter" . $disp_type;
        $object = $plotter->new(STDIN, STDOUT, STDERR);

The default output is STDOUT. All the commands should be passed to the previously created plotter object, e.g. $object->function().

First command should be openpl(), which opens a plotter. Program should close that plotter with the command closepl(). If plotter is opened then you can manipulate plotter, e.g. drawing lines, cirles, changing colors etc.

openpl ()

opens a plotter, i.e., begins a page of graphics. This resets the Plotter's drawing attributes to their default values. A negative return value indicates the Plotter could not be opened.

closepl ()

closepl closes a Plotter, i.e., ends a page of graphics. A negative return value indicates the Plotter could not be closed.

flushpl ()

flushes all plotting commands to the display device.

havecap (s)

havecap tests whether or not a Plotter, which need not be open, has a specified capability. The return value is 0, 1, or 2, signifying no/yes/maybe. For unrecognized capabilities the return value is zero.

parampl (parameter,value)

Sets the value of the device driver parameter to value. E.g.

parampl("BG_COLOR", "blue");

sets the background color.

erase ()

begins the next frame of a multiframe page, by clearing all previously plotted objects from the graphics display, and filling it with the background color (if any).

bgcolor (red, green, blue)

bgcolor sets the background color for the Plotter's graphics display, using a 48-bit RGB color model. The arguments red, green and blue specify the red, green and blue intensities of the background color. Each is an integer in the range 0x0000...0xffff, i.e., 0...65535.

bgcolorname (name)

bgcolorname sets the background color for the graphics display to be name. unrecognized colors are interpreted as "white". bgcolorname and bgcolor has an effect only on X Plotters and X Drawable Plotters.

space (x0,y0,x1,y1) =item fspace (x0, y0, x1, y1)

take two pairs of arguments, specifying the positions of the lower left corner and upper right corner of the graphics display, in user coordinates. One of these operations must be performed at the beginning of each page of graphics, i.e., immediately after openpl is invoked.

space2 (x0,y0,x1,y1) =item fspace2 (x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2)

space2 and fspace2 are extended versions of space and fspace, and may be used instead. Their arguments are the three defining vertices of an `Affine window' (a drawing parallelogram), in user coordinates. The specified vertices are the lower left, the lower right, and the upper left. This window will be mapped affinely onto the graphics display.

warning_handler (SUBPTR)

warning_handler sets the default handler for warning messages (e.g. if there are some strange characters in label() function argument). SUBPTR means a pointer to subroutine. The warning message is available in @_ array variable. By default warning messages are displayed to the errfile filehandle specified in new() function, as "libplot: message". Example of use:

warning_handler( sub { print "WARNING: $[$[]\n" } );

error_handler (SUBPTR)

error_handler sets the default handler for error messages. SUBPTR means a pointer to subroutine. The error message is available in @_ array variable. By default error messages are displayed to the errfile filehandle specified in new() function, as "libplot: error: message". Example of use:

error_handler( \&print_error );

Drawing functions

The following are the "drawing functions". When invoked on a Plotter, these functions cause it to draw objects (paths, circles, ellipses, points, markers, and text strings) on the associated graphics display. A path is a sequence of line segments and arcs (either circular or elliptic). Paths may be drawn incrementally, one line segment or arc at a time.

alabel (x_justify, y_justify, s)

Draws a justified text string (s). x_justify could be "l", "c" or "r" (left, center and right justification. y_justify could be "b", "x", "c" or "t" (bottom, baseline, center and top of the string will be placed even with the current graphics cursor position.

arc (xc,yc,x0,y0,x1,y1)
farc (xc, yc, x0, y0, x1, y1)
farcrel (dxc, dyc, dx0, dy0, dx1, dy1)

arc and farc take six arguments specifying the beginning (x0, y0), end (x1, y1), and center (xc, yc) of a circular arc. arcrel and farcrel use cursor-relative coordinates.

bezier2 (x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2);
fbezier2 (double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2);
bezier2rel (x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2);
fbezier2rel (double x0, double y0, double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2);

bezier2 and fbezier2 take six arguments specifying the beginning p0=(x0, y0) and end p2=(x2, y2) of a quadratic Bezier curve, and its intermediate control point p1=(x1, y1). The graphics cursor is moved to p2. bezier2rel and fbezier2rel are similar to bezier2 and fbezier2, but use cursor-relative coordinates. The quadratic Bezier curve is tangent at p0 to the line segment joining p0 to p1, and is tangent at p2 to the line segment joining p1 to p2. So it fits snugly into a triangle with vertices p0, p1, and p2.

bezier3 (x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3);
fbezier3 (x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3);
bezier3rel (x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3);
fbezier3rel (x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3);

bezier3 and fbezier3 take eight arguments specifying the beginning p0=(x0, y0) and end p3=(x3, y3) of a cubic Bezier curve, and its intermediate control points p1=(x1, y1) and p2=(x2, y2). The graphics cursor is moved to p3. bezier3rel and fbezier3rel are similar to bezier3 and fbezier3, but use cursor-relative coordinates. The cubic Bezier curve is tangent at p0 to the line segment joining p0 to p1, and is tangent at p3 to the line segment joining p2 to p3. So it fits snugly into a quadrangle with vertices p0, p1, p2, and p3.

box (x0,y0,x1,y1)
boxrel (dx0, dy0, dx1, dy1)
fbox (x0, y0, x1, y1)
fboxrel (dx0, dy0, dx1, dy1)

box and fbox take four arguments specifying the lower left corner (x1, y1) and upper right corner (x2, y2) of a `box', or rectangle. boxrel and fboxrel use cursor-relative coordinates.

circle (x,y,r)
circlerel (dx, dy, r)
fcircle (x, y, r)
fcirclerel (dx, dy, r)

circle and fcircle take three arguments specifying the center (xc, yc) and radius (r) of a circle. circlerel and fcirclerel use cursor-relative coordinates for xc and yc.

cont (x,y)
contrel (x, y)
fcont (x, y)
fcontrel (x, y)

cont and fcont take two arguments specifying the coordinates (x, y) of a point. If a path is under construction, the line segment from the current graphics cursor position to the point (x, y) is added to it. Otherwise the line segment begins a new path. In all cases the graphics cursor is moved to (x, y). contrel and fcontrel use cursor-relative coordinates.

ellarc (xc, yc, x0, y0, x1, y1)
ellarcrel (dxc, dyc, dx0, dy0, dx1, dy1)
fellarc (xc, yc, x0, y0, x1, y1)
fellarcrel (dxc, dyc, dx0, dy0, dx1, dy1)

ellarc and fellarc take six arguments specifying the three points pc=(xc,yc), p0=(x0,y0), and p1=(x1,y1) that define a so-called quarter ellipse. This is an elliptic arc from p0 to p1 with center pc. The quarter-ellipse is an affinely transformed version of a quarter circle.

ellipse (x, y, rx, ry, angle)
ellipserel (dx, dy, rx, ry, angle)
fellipse (x, y, rx, ry, angle)
fellipserel (dx, dy, rx, ry, angle)

ellipse and fellipse take five arguments specifying the center (xc, yc) of an ellipse, the lengths of its semiaxes (rx and ry), and the inclination of the first semiaxis in the counterclockwise direction from the @math{x axis} in the user coordinate system. ellipserel and fellipserel use cursor-relative coordinates.

endpath ()

endpath terminates the path under construction, if any. Paths, which are formed by repeated calls to cont or fcont, arc or farc, ellarc or fellarc, and line or fline, are also terminated if any other object is drawn or any path-related drawing attribute is set. So endpath is almost redundant. However, if a Plotter plots objects in real time, calling endpath will ensure that a constructed path is drawn on the graphics display without delay.

label (s)

label takes a single text argument s and draws a string at the current graphics cursor position with left justification. Graphics cursor is moved to the right end of the string. This function is equivalent to alabel(`l',`x',s).

labelwidth (s)
flabelwidth (s)

return the width of a string in the current font, in the user coordinate system. The string is not plotted.

line (x0,y0,x1,y1)
linerel (dx0, dy0, dx1, dy1)
fline (x0, y0, x1, y1)
flinerel (dx0, dy0, dx1, dy1)

line and fline take four arguments specifying the start point (x1, y1) and end point (x2, y2) of a line segment. linerel and flinerel use cursor-relative coordinates.

marker (x, y, type, size)
markerrel (dx, dy, type, size)
fmarker (x, y, type, size)
fmarkerrel (dx, dy, type, size)

marker and fmarker take four arguments specifying the location (x,y) of a marker symbol, its type, and its size in user coordinates. markerrel and fmarkerrel use cursor-relative coordinates for the position (x,y). Marker symbol types 0 through 31 are taken from a standard set, and marker symbol types 32 and above are interpreted as the index of a character in the current text font. See plotutils documentation for more information.

move (x,y)
moverel (x, y)
fmove (x, y)
fmoverel (x, y)

move and fmove take two arguments specifying the coordinates (x, y) of a point to which the graphics cursor should be moved without drawing any line. moverel and fmoverel use cursor-relative coordinates.

point (x,y)
pointrel (dx, dy)
fpoint (x, y)
fpointrel (dx, dy)

point and fpoint take two arguments specifying the coordinates (x, y) of a point. The graphics cursor is moved to (x, y). pointrel and fpointrel use cursor-relative coordinates.

Attribute-setting functions

The following are the "attribute functions". When invoked on a Plotter, these functions set its drawing attributes, or save them or restore them. Path-related attributes include pen color, fill color, line width, line style, cap style, and join style. Text-related attributes include pen color, font name, font size, and text angle.

capmod (s)

capmod sets the cap mode (i.e., cap style) for all paths subsequently drawn on the graphics display. Recognized styles are "butt" (the default), "round", and "projecting".

color (red, green, blue)

calling color is equivalent to calling both pencolor and fillcolor, to set both the the pen color and fill color of all objects subsequently drawn on the graphics display. Note that the physical fill color depends also on the fill fraction, which is specified by calling filltype.

colorname (name)

calling colorname is equivalent to calling both pencolorname and fillcolorname, to set both the the pen color and fill color of all objects subsequently drawn on the graphics display.

filltype (level)

filltype sets the fill fraction for all subsequently drawn objects. A value of 0 for level indicates that objects should be unfilled, or transparent. This is the default. A value in the range 0x0001...0xffff, i.e., 1...65535, indicates that objects should be filled. A value of 1 signifies 100% filling (the fill color will simply be the color specified by calling fillcolor or fillcolorname). If level=0xffff, the fill color will be white. Values between 0x0001 and 0xffff are interpreted as specifying a desaturation, or gray level. For example, 0x8000 specifies 50% filling.

fillcolor (red, green, blue)

fillcolor sets the fill color of all objects subsequently drawn on the graphics display, using a 48-bit RGB color model.

fillcolorname (name)

fillcolorname sets the fill color of all objects subsequently drawn on the graphics display to be name.

fillmod (s)

fillmod sets the fill mode, i.e., fill rule, for all objects subsequently drawn on the graphics display. The fill rule affects only filled, self-intersecting paths: it determines which points are `inside'. Two rules are supported: "even-odd" (the default for all Plotters), and "nonzero-winding". "alternate" is an alias for "even-odd" and "winding" is an alias for "nonzero-winding".

fmiterlimit (limit)

fmiterlimit sets the miter limit for all paths subsequently drawn on the graphics display. The miter limit controls the treatment of corners, if the join mode is set to "miter" (the default). At a join point of a path, the `miter length' is defined to be the distance between the inner corner and the outer corner. The miter limit is the maximum value that will be tolerated for the miter length divided by the line thickness. If this value is exceeded, the miter will be cut off: the "bevel" join mode will be used instead.

Examples of typical values for limit are 10.43 (the default, which cuts off miters if the join angle is less than 11 degrees), 2.0 (the same, for 60 degrees), and 1.414 (the same, for 90 degrees). In general, the miter limit is the cosecant of one-half the minimum angle for mitered joins. The minimum meaningful value for limit is 1.0, which converts all mitered joins to beveled joins, irrespective of join angle. Specifying a value less than 1.0 resets the limit to the default.

fontname (s)
ffontname (s)

fontname and ffontname take a single case-insensitive string argument, font_name, specifying the name of the font to be used for all text strings subsequently drawn on the graphics display. (The font for plotting strings is fully specified by calling fontname, fontsize, and textangle.) The size of the font in user coordinates is returned.

fontsize (size)
ffontsize (size)

fontsize and ffontsize take a single argument, interpreted as the size, in the user coordinate system, of the font to be used for all text strings subsequently drawn on the graphics display. The size of the font in user coordinates is returned. A negative value for size sets the size to a default value, which depends on the type of Plotter.

joinmod (s)

joinmod sets the join mode (i.e., join style) for all paths subsequently drawn on the graphics display. Recognized styles are "miter" (the default), "round", and "bevel".

linedash (\@dashes, offset)
flinedash (\@dashes, offset)

linedash and flinedash set the line style for all paths, circles, and ellipses subsequently drawn on the graphics display. They provide much finer control of dash patterns than the linemod function (see below) provides. dashes should be an array of length n. Its elements, which should be positive, are interpreted as distances in the user coordinate system. Along any path, circle, or ellipse, the elements dashes[0]...dashes[n-1] alternately specify the length of a dash and the length of a gap between dashes. When the end of the array is reached, the reading of the array wraps around to the beginning. If the array is empty, i.e., n equals zero, there is no dashing: the drawn line is solid.

The offset argument specifies the `phase' of the dash pattern relative to the start of the path. It is interpreted as the distance into the dash pattern at which the dashing should begin. For example, if offset equals zero then the path will begin with a dash, of length dashes[0] in user space. If offset equals dashes[0] then the path will begin with a gap of length dashes[1], and so forth. offset is allowed to be negative. Example:

flinedash([30, 4, 10, 3],0)

linemod (s)

linemod sets the linemode (i.e., line style) for all paths, circles, and ellipses subsequently drawn on the graphics display. The supported linemodes are "disconnected", "solid", "dotted", "dotdashed", "shortdashed", and "longdashed". The final five correspond more or less to the following bit patterns:

 "solid"             --------------------------------
 "dotted"            - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 "dotdashed"         -----------  -  -----------  -
 "shortdashed"       --------        --------
 "longdashed"        ------------    ------------

Circles and ellipses that are drawn when the linemode is "disconnected" will be invisible. Disconnected paths, circles, and ellipses are not filled.

linewidth (size)
flinewidth (size)

linewidth and flinewidth set the width, in the user coordinate system, of all paths, circles, and ellipses subsequently drawn on the graphics display. A negative value means that a default width should be used. The default and zero width depends on the type of Plotter.

pencolor (red, green, blue)

pencolor sets the pen color of all objects subsequently drawn on the graphics display, using a 48-bit RGB color model.

pencolorname (name)

pencolorname sets the pen color of all objects subsequently drawn on the graphics display to be name.

restorestate ()

restorestate pops the current graphics context off the stack of drawing states. The graphics context consists largely of libplot's drawing attributes, which are set by the attribute functions documented in this section. A path under construction is regarded as part of the graphics context. For this reason, calling restorestate automatically calls endpath to terminate the path under construction. All graphics contexts on the stack are popped off when closepl is called, as if restorestate had been called repeatedly.

savestate ()

savestate pushes the current graphics context onto the stack of drawing states. When a graphics context is returned to, the path under construction may be continued.

textangle (angle)
ftextangle (angle)

textangle and ftextangle take one argument, which specifies the angle in degrees counterclockwise from the @math{x} (horizontal) axis in the user coordinate system, for text strings subsequently drawn on the graphics display. The default angle is zero. The size of the font for plotting strings, in user coordinates, is returned.

Mapping functions

The following are the "mapping functions". When invoked on a Plotter, these functions affect the affine transformation it employs for mapping from the user coordinate system to the device coordinate system. They may be viewed as performing transformations of the user coordinate system. Their names resemble those of the corresponding functions in the Postscript language.

fconcat (m0, m1, m2, m3, tx, ty)

Apply a Postscript-style transformation matrix, i.e., affine map, to the user coordinate system. That is, apply the linear transformation defined by the two-by-two matrix [m0 m1 m2 m3] to the user coordinate system, and also translate by tx units in the @math{x direction} and ty units in the @w{@math{y} direction}, relative to the former user coordinate system. The three functions (frotate, fscale, ftranslate) are special cases of fconcat.

frotate (theta)

Rotate the user coordinate system axes about their origin by theta degrees, with respect to their former orientation. The position of the user coordinate origin and the size of the @math{x} @w{and @math{y}} units remain unchanged.

fscale (sx, sy)

Make the @math{x} and @math{y} units in the user coordinate system be the size of sx and sy units in the former user coordinate system. The position of the user coordinate origin and the orientation of the coordinate axes are unchanged.

ftranslate (tx, ty)

Move the origin of the user coordinate system by tx units in the @math{x direction} and ty units in the @w{@math{y} direction}, relative to the former user coordinate system. The size of the @math{x} and @w{@math{y} units} and the orientation of the coordinate axes are unchanged.

Device driver parameters

With the parampl function you can set the following device dependent driver parameters:

DISPLAY

(Default NULL.) The X Window System display on which the graphics display will be popped up, as an X window. This is relevant only to X Plotters.

BITMAPSIZE

(Default "570x570".) The size of the graphics display in terms of pixels. This is relevant only to X Plotters. If this parameter is not set, its value will automatically be taken from the X resource Xplot.geometry.

PAGESIZE

(Default "letter".) The size of the page on which the graphics display will be positioned. This is relevant only to Illustrator, Postscript, Fig, PCL, and HP-GL Plotters. "letter" means an 8.5in by 11in page. Any ISO page size in the range "a0"..."a4" or ANSI page size in the range "a"..."e" may be specified ("letter" is an alias for "a" and "tabloid" is an alias for "b"). "legal", "ledger", and "b5" are recognized page sizes also.

AI_VERSION

(Default "5".) Relevant only to Illustrator Plotters. Recognized values are "5" and "3". "5" means that the output should be in the format used by version 5 of Adobe Illustrator, which is recognized by all later versions.

BG_COLOR

(Default "white".) The initial background color of the graphics display, when drawing each page of graphics. This is relevant to X Plotters and X Drawable Plotters, although for the latter, the background color shows up only if erase is invoked. The background color may be changed at any later time by invoking the bgcolor (or bgcolorname) and erase operations.

HPGL_ASSIGN_COLORS

(Default "no".) Relevant only to HP-GL Plotters, and only if the value of HPGL_VERSION is "2". "no" means to draw with a fixed set of pens, specified by setting the HPGL_PENS parameter. "yes" means that pen colors will not restricted to the palette specified in HPGL_PENS: colors will be assigned to "logical pens" in the range #1...#31, as needed. Other than color LaserJet printers and DesignJet plotters, not many HP-GL/2 devices allow the assignment of colors to logical pens. So this parameter should be used with caution.

HPGL_OPAQUE_MODE

(Default "yes".) Relevant only to HP-GL Plotters, and only if the value of HPGL_VERSION is "2". "yes" means that the HP-GL/2 output device should be switched into opaque mode, rather than transparent mode. This allows objects to be filled with opaque white and other opaque colors. It also allows the drawing of visible white lines, which by convention are drawn with pen #0.

HPGL_PENS

(Default "1=black:2=red:3=green:4=yellow:5=blue:6=magenta:7=cyan" if the value of HPGL_VERSION is "1.5" or "2" and "1=black" if the value of HPGL_VERSION is "1". Relevant only to HP-GL Plotters. The set of available pens; the format should be self-explanatory. The color for any pen in the range #1...#31 may be specified. Pen #1 must always be present, though it need not be black. Any other pen in the range #1...#31 may be omitted.

HPGL_ROTATE

(Default "0".) Relevant only to HP-GL Plotters. The angle, in degrees, by which the graphics display should be rotated on the page relative to the default orientation. Recognized values are "0", "90", "180", and "270"; "no" and "yes" are equivalent to "0" and "90" respectively. This parameter is provided to facilitate switching between portrait and landscape orientations. "180" and "270" are supported only if HPGL_VERSION is "2".

HPGL_VERSION

(Default "2".) Relevant only to HP-GL Plotters. "1" means that the output should be generic HP-GL, "1.5" means that the output should be suitable for the HP7550A graphics plotter and the HP758x, HP7595A and HP7596A drafting plotters (HP-GL with some HP-GL/2 extensions), and "2" means that the output should be modern HP-GL/2. If the version is "1" or "1.5" then the only available fonts will be vector fonts, and all paths will be drawn with a default width. Additionally, if the version is "1" then the filling of arbitrary paths will not be supported (circles and rectangles aligned with the coordinate axes may be filled).

HPGL_XOFFSET, HPGL_YOFFSET

(Defaults "0.0cm" and "0.0cm".) Relevant only to HP-GL Plotters. Adjustments, in the @math{x and @math{y}} directions, of the position of the graphics display on the page. They may be specified in centimeters, millimeters, or inches. For example, an offset could be specified as "2cm" or "1.2in".

MAX_LINE_LENGTH

(Default "500".) The maximum number of points that a path may contain, before it is flushed to the display device. If this flushing occurs, the path will be split into two or more sub-paths, though the splitting should not be noticeable. Splitting will not be performed if the path is filled. This parameter is relevant to X, X Drawable, Illustrator, Postscript, Fig, PCL, and HP-GL Plotters. The reason for splitting long paths is that some display devices (e.g., old Postscript printers and HP-GL plotters) have limited buffer sizes. It is not relevant to Tektronix or Metafile Plotters, since they draw paths in real time and have no buffer limitations.

META_PORTABLE

(Default "no".) Relevant only to Metafile Plotters. "yes" means that the output should be in a portable (human-readable) version of the metafile format, rather than the default (binary) version.

PCL_ASSIGN_COLORS

(Default "no".) Relevant only to PCL Plotters. "no" means to draw with a fixed set of pens. "yes" means that pen colors will not restricted to this palette: colors will be assigned to "logical pens", as needed. Other than color LaserJet printers, not many PCL 5 devices allow the assignment of colors to logical pens. So this parameter should be used with caution.

PCL_ROTATE

(Default "0".) Relevant only to PCL Plotters. See explonation for HPGL_ROTATE.

PCL_XOFFSET, PCL_YOFFSET

(Defaults "0.0cm" and "0.0cm".) Relevant only to PCL Plotters. See explonation for HPGL_XOFFSET.

TERM

(Default NULL.) Relevant only to Tektronix Plotters.

USE_DOUBLE_BUFFERING

(Default "no".) Relevant only to X Plotters and X Drawable Plotters. If the value is "yes", each frame of graphics, within a openpl...closepl pair, is written to an off-screen buffer rather than to the Plotter's display. When erase is invoked to end a frame, or when closepl is invoked, the contents of the off-screen buffer are copied to the Plotter's display, pixel by pixel. This double buffering scheme is useful in creating the illusion of smooth animation. The "fast" is an alias for "yes". If there are standard DBE and MBX extensions to the X11 protocol to communicate with the display is available then these extensions are used. It may yield much faster animation.

VANISH_ON_DELETE

(Default "no".) Relevant only to X Plotters. If the value is "yes", when a Plotter is deleted, the window or windows that it has popped up will vanish. Otherwise, each such window will remain on the screen until it is removed by the user (by typing `q' in it, or by clicking with a mouse).

XDRAWABLE_COLORMAP

(Default NULL.) Relevant only to X Drawable Plotters. If the value is non-NULL, it should be a Colormap *, a pointer to a colormap from which colors should be allocated. NULL indicates that the colormap to be used should be the default colormap of the default screen of the X display.

XDRAWABLE_DISPLAY

(Default NULL.) Relevant only to X Drawable Plotters. The value should be a Display *, a pointer to the X display with which the drawable(s) to be drawn in are associated.

XDRAWABLE_DRAWABLE1
XDRAWABLE_DRAWABLE2

(Default NULL.) Relevant only to X Drawable Plotters. If set, the value of each of these parameters should be a Drawable *, a pointer to a drawable to be drawn in. A `drawable' is either a window or a pixmap. At the time an X Drawable Plotter is created, at least one of the two parameters must be set. X Drawable Plotters support simultaneous drawing in two drawables because it is often useful to be able to draw graphics simultaneously in both an X window and its background pixmap. If two drawables are specified, they must have the same dimensions and depth, and be associated with the same screen of the X display.

For more information on device driver parameters, fonts, strings and symbols, markers, color names, markers, metafile format see plotutils documentation.

Exported constants and functions ^

You can export the following functions: parampl, warning_handler and error_handler. parampl is a static function of the Plotter superclass. warning_handler and error_handler sets the pointer to the error message handler functions.

You can import into the main namespace the op codes (for metafile format) with the command: use Graphics::Plotter qw(:marker_symbols), and the marker symbols, with the command: use Graphics::Plotter qw(:op_codes), or both of them with the command: use Graphics::Plotter qw(:all). See plotutils documentation for the explanation how to use op codes and marker symbols.

AUTHOR ^

Piotr Klaban <makler@man.torun.pl>

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1), plotutils documentation

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