Rocco Caputo > Reflex > Reflex::Stream

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Module Version: 0.099   Source  

NAME ^

Reflex::Stream - Buffered, translated I/O on non-blocking handles.

VERSION ^

This document describes version 0.099, released on April 21, 2013.

SYNOPSIS ^

This is a complete Reflex::Stream subclass. It echoes whatever it receives back to the sender. Its error handlers are compatible with Reflex::Collection.

        package EchoStream;
        use Moose;
        extends 'Reflex::Stream';

        sub on_data {
                my ($self, $event) = @_;
                $self->put($event->octets());
        }

        sub on_error {
                my ($self, $event) = @_;
                warn(
                        $event->error_function(),
                        " error ", $event->error_number(),
                        ": ", $event->error_string(),
                );
                $self->stopped();
        }

        sub DEMOLISH {
                print "EchoStream demolished as it should.\n";
        }

        1;

Since it extends Reflex::Base, it may also be used like a condavr or promise. This incomplte example comes from eg/eg-38-promise-client.pl:

        my $stream = Reflex::Stream->new(
                handle => $socket
                rd     => 1,
        );

        $stream->put("Hello, world!\n");

        my $event = $stream->next();
        if ($event->{name} eq "data") {
                print "Got echo response: $event->{arg}{data}";
        }
        else {
                print "Unexpected event: $event->{name}";
        }

DESCRIPTION ^

Reflex::Stream reads from and writes to a file handle, most often a socket. It is almost entirely implemented in Reflex::Role::Streaming. That role's documentation contains important details that won't be covered here.

Public Attributes

handle

Reflex::Stream implements a single attribute, handle, that must be set to the stream's file handle (which can be a socket or something).

Public Methods

Reflex::Role::Streaming provides all of Reflex::Stream's methods. Reflex::Stream however renames them to make more sense in a class.

put

The put() method writes one or more chunks of raw octets to the stream's handle. Any data that cannot be written immediately will be buffered until Reflex::Role::Streaming can write it later.

Please see "method_put" in Reflex::Role::Streaming for details.

Callbacks

on_closed

Subclasses may define on_closed() to be notified when the remote end of the stream has closed for output. No further data will be received after receipt of this callback.

on_closed() receives no parameters of note.

The default on_closed() callback will emit a "closed" event. It will also call stopped().

When overriding this callback, please be sure to call stopped(), which is provided by Reflex::Role::Collectible. Calling stopped() is vital for collectible objects to be released from memory when managed by Reflex::Collection.

on_data

on_data() will be called whenever Reflex::Stream receives data. It will include one named parameter in $_[1], "data", containing raw octets received from the stream.

        sub on_data {
                my ($self, $param) = @_;
                print "Got data: $param->{data}\n";
        }

The default on_data() callback will emit a "data" event.

on_error

on_error() will be called if an error occurs reading from or writing to the stream's handle. Its parameters are the usual for Reflex:

        sub on_error {
                my ($self, $param) = @_;
                print "$param->{errfun} error $param->{errnum}: $param->{errstr}\n";
        }

The default on_error() callback will emit a "error" event. It will also call stopped().

When overriding this callback, please be sure to call stopped(), which is provided by Reflex::Role::Collectible. Calling stopped() is vital for collectible objects to be released from memory when managed by Reflex::Collection.

Public Events

Reflex::Stream emits stream-related events, naturally.

closed

The "closed" event indicates that the stream is closed. This is most often caused by the remote end of a socket closing their connection.

See "on_closed" for more details.

data

The "data" event is emitted when a stream produces data to work with. It includes a single parameter, also "data", containing the raw octets read from the handle.

See "on_data" for more details.

error

Reflex::Stream emits "error" when any of a number of calls fails.

See "on_error" for more details.

EXAMPLES ^

eg/EchoStream.pm in the distribution is the same EchoStream that appears in the SYNOPSIS.

eg/eg-38-promise-client.pl shows a lengthy inline usage of Reflex::Stream and a few other classes.

SEE ALSO ^

Please see those modules/websites for more information related to this module.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

You can make new bug reports, and view existing ones, through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=Reflex.

AUTHOR ^

Rocco Caputo <rcaputo@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Rocco Caputo.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

AVAILABILITY ^

The latest version of this module is available from the Comprehensive Perl Archive Network (CPAN). Visit http://www.perl.com/CPAN/ to find a CPAN site near you, or see https://metacpan.org/module/Reflex/.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY ^

BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENCE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

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