Xufeng Liang > Rose-DBx-Object-Renderer > Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer

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NAME ^

Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer - Web UI Rendering for Rose::DB::Object

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer;

  use CGI;
  my $query = new CGI;
  print $query->header();

  # Load all tables in the local MySQL database named 'company'
  my $renderer = Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer->new(
    config => {
      db => {name => 'company', username => 'root', password => 'password'}
    },
    load => 1
  );
  
  
  # Render a form to add new employee
  Company::Employee->render_as_form();

  # Render an object as a form
  my $e = Company::Employee->new(id => 1);
  $e->load;
  $e->render_as_form();
  
  
  # Render the 'address' column as a link to a google map of the location
  print $e->address_for_view();

  
  # Render a table
  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table();

  # Render a table for all the employees who love 'Coding' with create, copy, edit, and delete access
  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    get => {query => [hobby => 'Coding']}
    order => ['first_name', 'email', 'address', 'phone'],
    create => 1,
    copy => 1,
    edit => 1,
    delete => 1,
    searchable => ['first_name', 'address']
  );

  # Render a menu
  my $menu = Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_menu(
    order => ['Company::Employee', 'Company::Position'],
    edit => 1,
    delete => 1,
  );


  # Render a pie chart via Google Chart API
  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_chart(
    type => 'pie',
    values => ['Coding', 'Cooking'],
    column => 'hobby',
  );

  # Render a bar chart
  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_chart(
    type => 'bar',
    title => 'The Employee Bar Chart',
    description => 'A useful bar chart.',
    columns => ['salary', 'tax'],
    objects => [1, 2, 3],
    options => {chco => 'ff6600,ffcc00'}  # the color for each bar
  );

DESCRIPTION ^

Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer generates forms, tables, menus, and charts for Rose::DB::Object. The generated UIs encapsulate sensible web conventions as default behaviours, such as rendering email addresses as 'mailto' links and enforce appropriate validation in forms. These default behaviours are highly configurable.

Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer uses CGI::FormBuilder to generate forms and the Google Chart API to render charts. Template::Toolkit is used for template processing, although UIs can be generated out of the box without using templates.

RESTRICTIONS ^

METHODS ^

new

To instantiate a new Renderer object:

  my $renderer = Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer->new(config => {db => {name => 'company', username => 'root', password => 'root'}}, load => 1);

Since Renderer inherits from Rose::Object, the above line is equivalent to:

  my $renderer = Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer->new();
  $renderer->config({db => {name => 'company', username => 'root', password => 'root'}});
  $renderer->load();

config

A Renderer instance inherits the default configurations in Renderer, which is accessible by:

  my $config = $renderer->config();

config accepts a hashref for configuring the Renderer object.

db

The db option is for configuring database related settings, for instance:

  $renderer->config({
    db => {
      name => 'product',
      type => 'Pg', # defaulted to 'mysql'
      host => '10.0.0.1',
      port => '5432',
      username => 'admin',
      password => 'password',
      tables_are_singular => 1,  # defines table name conventions, defaulted to undef
      table_prefix => 'app_', # specificies the prefix used in your table names if any, defaulted to undef
      new_or_cached => 0, # whether to use Rose::DB's new_or_cached() method, defaulted to 1
      check_class => 'Company::DB', # skip loading classes if the given class is already loaded (for persistent environments)
    }
  });

template

The template option specifies the template toolkit INCLUDE_PATH and the base URL for static contents, such as javascript libraries or images:

  $renderer->config({
    ...
    template => {
      path => '../templates:../alternative',  # TT INCLUDE_PATH, defaulted to 'templates'
      url => '../images',  # defaulted to 'templates'
      options => {ABSOLUTE => 1, RELATIVE => 1, POST_CHOMP => 1} # defaulted to undef
    },
  });

upload

Renderer needs a directory with write access to upload files. The upload option defines file upload related settings:

  $renderer->config({
    ...
    upload => {
      path => '../files',  # the upload directory path, defaulted to 'uploads'
      url => '../files',  # the corresponding URL path, defaulted to 'uploads'
      keep_old_files => 1,  # defaulted to undef
    },
  });

form

The form option defines the global default behaviours of render_as_form:

  $renderer->config({
    ...
    form => {
      download_message => 'View File',  # the name of the link for uploaded files, defaulted to 'View'
      remove_files => 1,  # allow users to remove uploaded files, default to undef
      remove_message => 'Remove File',  # the label of the checkbox for removing files, defaulted to 'Remove'
      cancel => 'Back',  # the name of the built-in 'Cancel' controller, defaulted to 'Cancel'
      delimiter => ' '  # the delimiter for handling column with muliple values, defaulted to ','
      action => '/app'  # set form action, defaulted to undef
    },
  });

These options can be also passed to render_as_form directly to affect only the particular instance.

table

The table option defines the global default behaviours of render_as_table:

  $renderer->config({
    ...
    table => {
      search_result_title => 'Looking for "[% q %]"?',
      empty_message => 'No matching records.', 
      per_page => 25,  # number of records per table, defaulted to 15
      pages => 5,  # the amount of page numbers in the table pagination, defaulted to 9
      no_pagination => 1,  # do not display pagination, defaulted to undef
      or_filter => 1,  # column filtering is joined by 'OR', defaulted to undef
      delimiter => '/',  # the delimiter for joining foreign objects in relationship columns, defaulted to ', '
      keyword_delimiter => '\s+',  # the delimiter for search keywords, defaulted to ','
      like_operator => 'like', # only applicable to Postgres, defaulted to undef, i.e. render_as_table() uses 'ilike' for Postgres by default
      form_options => ['order', 'template'], # options to be shared by other forms, defaulted to ['before', 'order', 'fields', 'template']
      cascade => ['template_data', 'extra'], # options to be cascaded into all forms, defaulted to ['template_url', 'template_path', 'template_options', 'query', 'renderer_config', 'prepared']
    },
  });

These options can be also passed to render_as_table directly to affect only the particular instance.

menu

The menu option defines the global default behaviours of render_as_menu:

  $renderer->config({
    ...
    menu => {
      cascade => ['template_data', 'extra'], # options to be cascaded into all tables, defaulted to ['create', 'edit', 'copy', 'delete', 'ajax', 'prepared', 'searchable', 'template_url', 'template_path', 'template_options', 'query', 'renderer_config']
    },
  });

These options can be also passed to render_as_menu directly to affect only the particular instance.

columns

Renderer has a built-in list of column definitions that encapsulate web conventions and behaviours. A column definition is a collection of column options. Column definitions are used by the rendering methods to generate web UIs. The built-in column definitions are stored inside columns:

  my $config = $renderer->config();
  print join (', ', keys %{$config->{columns}});

For example, the column definition for 'email' would be:

  ...
  'email' => {
    required => 1,
    validate => 'EMAIL',
    sortopts => 'LABELNAME',
    comment => 'e.g. your.name@work.com',
    format => {
      for_view => sub {
        my ($self, $column) = @_;
        my $value = $self->$column;
        return unless $value;
        return qq(<a href="mailto:$value">$value</a>);}
    }
  },
  ...

We can also define new column definitions:

  $renderer->config({
    ...
    columns => {
      hobby => {
        label => 'Your Favourite Hobby',
        sortopts => 'LABELNAME',
        required => 1,
        options => ['Reading', 'Coding', 'Shopping']
     }
    },
  });

All options in each column definition are CGI::FormBuilder field definitions, i.e. they are passed to CGI::FormBuilder directly, except for:

format

The format option is a hash of coderefs which get injected as object methods by load. For instance, based on the 'email' column definition, we can print a 'mailto' link for the email address by calling:

  print $object->email_for_view;

Similarly, based on other column definitions, we can:

  # Print the date in 'DD/MM/YYYY' format
  print $object->date_for_view;

  # Store a password in MD5 hash
  $object->password_for_update('p@$$W0rD');
  $object->save();

  # Display an image formatted in HTML <img> tags
  print $object->image_for_view;

  # Print the url of the image
  print $object->image_url;

  # Prints the file path of the image
  print $object->image_path;

We can overwrite the existing formatting methods or define new ones. For instance, we can use the HTML::Strip module to strip out HTML tags for the 'description' column type:

  use HTML::Strip;
  ...
  
  $renderer->config({
    ...
    columns => {
      description => {
        format => {
          for_update => sub {
            my ($self, $column, $value) = @_;
            return unless $value;
            my $hs = HTML::Strip->new(emit_spaces => 0);
            my $clean_text = $hs->parse($value);
            return $self->$column($clean_text);
          }
        }
      } 
    },
  });
  
  $renderer->load();
  ...
  $object->description_for_update('<html>The Lightweight UI Generator.</html>');
  $p->save();
  print $p->description;
  # prints 'The Lightweight UI Generator.'

Formatting methods are utilised by rendering methods. They take preference over the default CRUD methods. The for_create, for_edit, and for_update methods are used by render_as_form. When creating new objects, render_as_form triggers the for_create methods to format the default value of each column. When rendering an existing object as a form, however, the for_edit methods are triggered to format column values. During form submissions, the for_update methods are triggered to format the submitted form field values. The for_view, for_search, and for_filter methods are used by render_as_table. The for_view methods are triggered to format column values for data presentation, the for_filter methods are triggered during data filtering, and the for_search methods are triggered during keyword searches.

unsortable

This option defines whether a column is sortable. For instance, the 'password' column definition has the unsortable option set to 1. This option is used by render_as_table. Custom columns are always unsortable.

stringify

This option specifies whether a column will be stringified by the stringify_me object method.

misc

Other miscellaneous options are defined in misc:

  my $custom_config = $renderer->config();

  # Print the built-in doctype and CSS
  print $custom_config->{misc}->{html_head};

  # Change the object stringify delimiter
  $custom_config->{misc}->{stringify_delimiter} = ', '; # defaulted to space

  # Change time zone
  $custom_config->{misc}->{time_zone} = 'Asia/Hong_Kong'; # defaulted to Australia/Sydney

  # loaded the JS or CSS defined in $custom_config->{misc}->{js}, defaulted to the latest jQuery and jQuery UI hosted by Google
  $custom_config->{misc}->{load_js} = 1; # defaulted to undef

  $renderer->config($custom_config);
  $renderer->load();

load

load uses Rose::DB::Object::Loader to load Rose::DB::Object classes dynamically. In order to take advantage of the built-in column definitions, load employs the following logic to auto-assign column definitions to database columns:

  Column name exists in the Renderer object's config?
    Yes: Use that column definition.
    No: Is the column a foreign key?
      Yes: Apply the column options designed for foreign keys.
      No: Column name matches (regex) a column definition name?
        Yes: Use the first matching column definition.
        No: Column's metadata object type exists as column definition name?
          Yes: Use that column definition.
          No: Create a custom column definition by aggregating database column information.

load accepts a hashref to pass parameters to the new and make_classes methods in Rose::DB::Object::Loader.

loader

The loader option is a hashref that gets passed to the new method in Rose::DB::Object::Loader.

  $renderer->load({
    loader => {
      class_prefix => 'MyCompany',
    }
  });
make_classes

Similarly, the make_classes option is passed to the make_classes method.

  $renderer->load({
    make_classes => {
      include_tables => ['customer', 'product'],
    }
  });

load returns an array of the loaded classes via the make_classes method in Rose::DB::Object::Loader. However, if the Rose::DB::Object base_class for the particular database already exists, which most likely happens in a persistent environment, load will simply skip the loading process and return undef.

load generates CGI::FormBuilder validation subrefs to validate unique keys in forms. However, since column definitions are identified by column names, custom validation subrefs are required when there are multiple unique keys with the same table column name across different tables loaded via Renderer.

RENDERING METHODS ^

Rendering methods are exported for Rose::DB::Object subclasses to generate web UIs. Rose::DB::Object subclasses generated by calling load will import the rendering methods automatically. However, we can also import the rendering methods directly into custom Rose::DB::Object subclasses:

  # For object classes
  package Company::Employee
  use Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer qw(:object);
  ...
   
  # For manager classes
  package Company::Employee::Manager
  use Rose::DBx::Object::Renderer qw(:manager);
  ...

The following is a list of common parameters for the rendering methods:

template

The template file name. When it is set to 1, rendering methods will try to find the default template based on the rendering method name. For example:

  Company::Employee->render_as_form(template => 1);
  # tries to use the template 'form.tt'

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(template => 1);
  # tries to use the template 'table.tt'

In render_as_table or render_as_menu, a hashref can be used as a shortcut to specify the default templates for all the forms and tables. For example:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_menu(
    template => {menu => 'custom_menu.tt', table => 'custom_table.tt', form => 'custom_form.tt'}
  );
template_path

The "Template Toolkit"'s INCLUDE_PATH.

template_url

An URL path variable that is passed to the templates.

template_options

Optional parameters to be passed to the "Template Toolkit" constructor.

template_data

A hashref to overwrite the variables passed to the template.

query

Existing CGI query object. This is useful under a persistent environment, such as Fast CGI. Rendering methods initiates new CGI query objects unless an existing one has been provided.

html_head

This is specifying custom DOCTYPE, CSS, or Javascript for the particular rendering method.

prefix

Define a prefix for the UI, e.g.:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(prefix => 'employee_admin');

A prefix should be URL friendly. Adding a prefix can prevent CGI param conflicts when rendering multiple UIs of the same class on the same web page.

title

Define a title for the UI, e.g.:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(title => 'Employee Directory');
description

Define a short description for the UI, e.g.:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(description => 'Here you can view, search, and manage your employee details.');
no_head

When set to 1, rendering methods will not include the default DOCTYPE and CSS defined in html_head. This is useful when rendering multiple UIs in the same page.

load_js

When set to 1, rendering methods will include the default js into html_head.

output

When set to 1, the rendering methods will return the rendered UI instead of printing it directly. For example:

  my $form = Company::Employee->render_as_form(output => 1);
  print $form->{output};
extra

A hashref of additional template variables. For example:

  Company::Employee->render_as_form(extra => {hobby => 'basketball'});

  # to access it within a template:
  [% extra.hobby %]
before

A coderef to be executed prior to any rendering. This is useful for augmenting arguments passed to the rendering methods, for example:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    order => ['first_name', 'last_name', 'position_id'],
    before => sub {
      my ($object, $args) = @_;
      # enable logged in users to access more data and functions
      if ($ENV{REMOTE_USER}) {
        $args->{order} = ['first_name', 'last_name', 'position_id', 'email', 'address'];
        $args->{create} = 1;
        $args->{edit} = 1;
      }
    }
  );
prepared

When set to 1, rendering methods will not call prepare_renderer. This is useful for physical Rose::DB::Object subclasses, when the formatting methods are either handcrafted or loaded previously.

render_as_form

render_as_form renders forms and handles their submission.

  # Render a form for creating a new object
  Company::Employee->render_as_form();
  
  # Render a form for updating an existing object
  my $e = Company::Employee->new(id => 1);
  $e->load;
  $e->render_as_form();
order

order is an arrayref for the order of the form fields.

fields

A hashref to specify the CGI::FormBuilder field definitions for this particular render_as_form call. Any custom fields must be included in the order arrayref in order to be shown.

  Company::Employee->render_as_form(
    order => ['username', 'favourite_cuisine'],
    fields => {
      favourite_cuisine => {required => 1, options => ['Chinese', 'French', 'Japanese']}
    }
  );
copy

Instead of updating the calling object, we can clone the object by setting copy to 1.

  ...
  $e->render_as_form(copy => 1);
queries

An arrayref of query parameters to be converted as hidden fields.

  Company::Employee->render_as_form(
    queries => {
    'rm' => 'edit',
    'favourite_cuisine' => ['French', 'Japanese']
  });

Please note that when a prefix is used, all fields are renamed to 'prefix_fieldname'.

controllers and controller_order

Controllers are essentially callbacks. We can add multiple custom controllers to a form. They are rendered as submit buttons. controller_order defines the order of the controllers, in other words, the order of the submit buttons.

  my $form = Company::Employee->render_as_form(
    output => 1,
    controller_order => ['Hello', 'Good Bye'],
    controllers => {
      'Hello' => {
        create => sub {
          return if DateTime->now->day_name eq 'Sunday';
          return 1;
        },
        callback => sub {
          my $self = shift;
          if (ref $self) {
            return 'Welcome ' . $self->first_name;
          }
          else {
            return 'Employees cannot be added on Sundays';
          }
        }
      },
      'Good Bye' => sub {return 'Have fun!'}
    }
  );

  if (exists $form->{controller}) {
    print $form->{controller};
  }
  else {
    print $form->{output};
  }

Within the controllers hashref, we can set the create parameter to 1 so that the object is always inserted into the database before running the custom callback. We can also point create to a coderef, in which case, the object is inserted into the database only if the coderef returns true.

When rendering an object instance as a form, we can use the same mechanism to 'copy' or 'update' the object before running the custom callback, for instance:

  ...
  $e->render_as_form(
    controllers => {
      'Hello' => {
        update => 1,
        callback => sub{...}
      }
    }
  );

Another parameter within the controllers hashref is hide_form, which informs render_as_form not to render the form after executing the controller.

form

A hashref that gets passed to the CGI::FormBuilder constructor.

validate

Parameters for the CGI::FormBuilder's validate method.

jserror

When a template is used, render_as_form sets CGI::FormBuilder's jserror function name to 'notify_error' so that we can always customise the error alert mechanism within the template (see the included 'form.tt' template).

render_as_form passes the following list of variables to a template:

  [% self %] - the calling object instance or class
  [% form %] - CGI::FormBuilder's form object
  [% field_order %] - the order of the form fields
  [% form_id %] - the form id
  [% form_submit %] - the form submit buttons with a custom 'Cancel' button
  [% title %] - the form title
  [% description %] - the form description
  [% doctype %] - the default html doctype
  [% html_head %] - the default html doctype and css
  [% no_head %] - the 'no_head' option
  [% cancel %] - the name of the 'Cancel' controller
  [% template_url %] - the default template URL
  [% extra %] - extra template variables

render_as_table

render_as_table renders tables for CRUD operations.

columns

The columns parameter can be used to set the label and value of a column, as well as whether the column is sortable. It can also be used to create custom columns, which do not exist in the underlying database.

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    order => ['first_name', 'custom_column'],
    columns => {
      'first_name' => {
        unsortable => 1
      },
      'custom_column' => {
        label => 'Favourite Drink',
        value => {
          1 => 'Tea',  # 1 is the primary key of the object
          2 => 'Coffee'
        },
      }
    }
  );

We can also nominate a custom accessor, such that the table column values are populated via the nominated accessor, as opposed to the default column one. For example:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    order => ['first_name', 'salary'],
    columns => {
      'salary' => {
         accessor => 'salary_with_bonus' 
      },
    }
  );

In this case, the values of the 'salary' column in the table are populated by calling salary_with_bonus, instead of salary.

order

order accepts an arrayref to define the order of the columns to be shown. The order parameter also determines which columns are allowed to be filtered via URL when filterable is not defined.

or_filter

render_as_table allows columns to be filtered via URL. For example:

  http://www.yoursite.com/yourscript.cgi?first_name=Danny&last_name=Liang

returns the records where 'first_name' is 'Danny' and 'last_name' is 'Liang'. By default, column queries are joined by "AND", unless or_filter is set to 1.

filterable

This specifies an arrayref of columns that are filterable via URL. This can be used to filter data in columns that are not shown, e.g.:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    order => ['first_name', 'last_name', 'email'],
    filterable => ['first_name', 'last_name', 'email', 'state'],
  );
searchable

The searchable option enables keyword searches accross multiple table columns using the LIKE operator in SQL, including the columns of foreign objects:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    get => {with_objects => [ 'position' ]},
    searchable => ['first_name', 'last_name', 'position.title'],
  );

This option adds a text field named 'q' in the rendered table for entering keywords. render_as_table() grabs the value of the argument q if it exists, otherwise pulls the value of the param 'q' from querystring.

Since PostgreSQL does not like mixing table aliases with real table names in queries, render_as_table() tries to perform basic table aliasing for non-character based columns in PostgreSQL automatically. Please note that the corresponding tables in chained relationships defined via 'with_objects' and 'require_objects', such as 'vendor.region', will still require manual table aliasing if their columns are specified in the searchable array.

In order to use the LIKE operator in SQL queries, render_as_table() also performs type casting for non-character based columns, such as date, in PostgreSQL and SQLite.

By default, comma is the delimiter for seperating multiple keywords. This is configurable via config().

Instead of an arrayref, you can also pass in 1, e.g.:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    searchable => 1,
  );

In this case, all the columns of the given table will be searched.

like_operator

The 'LIKE' operator for generating SQL queries when searchable is used. Set this to 'like' to perform a case-sensitive search for PostgreSQL.

get

get accepts a hashref to construct database queries. get is directly passed to the get method of the manager class.

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    get => {
      per_page = 5,
      require_objects => [ 'position' ],
      query => ['position.title' => 'Manager'],
  });
get_from_sql

get_from_sql accepts arguments, such as an SQL statement, supported by the get_objects_from_sql method from Rose::DB::Object::Manager.

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    order => ['id', 'first_name', 'email'],
    get_from_sql => 'SELECT id, first_name, email FROM employee WHERE id % 2 = 0 ORDER BY id',
  );

get_from_sql takes precedence over get. The default table pagination will be also disabled.

objects

objects accepts an array of Rose::DB::Object objects.

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    objects => Company::Employee::Manager->get_objects(query => [hobby => 'Coding']),
  );

objects takes precedence over get_from_sql. The default table pagination will be also disabled.

controllers and controller_order

The controllers parameter works very similar to render_as_form. controller_order defines the order of the controllers.

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    controller_order => ['edit', 'Review', 'approve'],
    controllers => {
      'Review' => sub{my $self = shift; do_something_with($self);}
      'approve' => {
        label => 'Approve',
        hide_table => 1,
        queries => {approve => '1'}, 
        callback => sub {my $self = shift; do_something_else_with($self);
      }
    }
  );

Within the controllers hashref, the queries parameter allows us to define custom query strings for the controller. The hide_table parameter informs render_as_table not to render the table after executing the controller.

create

This enables the built-in 'create' controller when set to 1.

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(create => 1);

Since render_as_form is used to render the form, we can also pass a hashref to manipulate the generated form.

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    create => {title => 'Add New Employee', fields => {...}}
  );
edit

Similar to create, edit enables the built-in 'edit' controller for updating objects.

copy

copy enables the built-in 'copy' controller for cloning objects.

delete

When set to 1, delete enables the built-in 'delete' controller for removing objects.

queries

Similar to the queries parameter in render_as_form, queries is an arrayref of query parameters, which will be converted to query strings. Please note that when a prefix is used, all query strings are renamed to 'prefix_querystring'.

form_options

An arrayref of form options that can be inherited by other forms.

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_table(
    form_options => ['order', 'template'],
    order => ['photo', 'first_name', 'last_name', 'email'],
    create => {
      before => sub {
        my ($object, $args) = @_;
        $args->{fields}->{status} = {static => 1, value => 'Pending'};
      },
      order => ['first_name', 'last_name', 'photo', 'email', 'phone', 'status'],
      template => 'custom_form.tt',
    },
    edit => 1,
    copy => 1,
  );

In the above example, both the form for 'edit' and 'copy' will share the exact same field order and TT template with the form for 'create', despite the fact that none of those options are defined directly. However, the 'before' callback will not be triggered in the 'edit' or 'copy' form since the form_options parameter prevents that option being inherited.

url

Unless a url is specified in url, render_as_table will resolve the self url using CGI.

ajax and ajax_template

These two parameters are designed for rendering Ajax-enabled tables. When ajax is set to 1, render_as_table tries to use the template 'table_ajax.tt' for rendering, unless it is defined via ajax_template. render_as_table also passes a variable called 'ajax' to the template and sets it to 1 when a CGI param named 'ajax' (assuming no prefix is in use) is found, indicating the current request is an ajax request.

Within a template, we can loop through objects using the [% table %] variable. Alternatively, we can use the [% objects %] variable.

render_as_table passes the following list of variables to a template:

  [% table %] - the hash for the formatted table, see the sample template 'table.tt' 
  [% objects %] - the raw objects returned by the 'get_object' method
  [% column_order %] - the order of the columns
  [% template_url %] - the default template URL
  [% table_id %] - the table id
  [% title %] - the table title
  [% description %] - the table description
  [% no_pagination %] - the 'no_pagination' option
  [% q %] - the keyword query for search
  [% query_string %] - a hash of URL encoded query strings
  [% query_hidden_fields %] - CGI queries converted into hidden fields; it is used by the keyword search form
  [% param_list %] - a list of CGI param names with the table prefix, e.g. the name of the keyword search box is [% param_list.q %]
  [% searchable %] - the 'searchable' option
  [% sort_by_column %] - the column to be sorted 
  [% doctype %] - the default html doctype
  [% html_head %] - the default html doctype and css
  [% no_head %] - the 'no_head' option
  [% ajax %] - the ajax variable for checking whether the current CGI request is a ajax request
  [% url %] - the base url
  [% extra %] - extra template variables

render_as_menu

render_as_menu generates a menu with the given list of classes and renders a table for the current class. We can have fine-grained control over each table within the menu. For example, we can alter the 'date_of_birth' field inside the 'create' form of the 'Company::Employee' table inside the menu:

  Company::Employee::Manager->render_as_menu (
    create => 1,
    edit => 1,
    delete => 1,
    copy => 1,
    searchable => 1,
    order => ['Company::Employee', 'Company::Position'],
    items => {
      'Company::Employee' => {
        create => {
          fields => {date_of_birth => {required => 1}}
        }
      },
      'Company::Position' => {
        title => 'Current Positions',
      }
    },
  );
order

The order parameter defines the list of classes to be shown in the menu as well as their order. The current item of the menu is always the calling class, i.e. Company::Employee::Manager in the example.

items

The items parameter is a hashref of parameters to control each table within the menu.

create, edit, copy, delete, searchable, template, ajax, and prepared

These parameters are shortcuts which get passed to all the underlying tables rendered by the menu.

current

The class name for the current tab. By default, the caller class is the current tab.

render_as_menu passes the following list of variables to a template:

  [% template_url %] - the default template URL
  [% menu_id %] - the menu id
  [% title %] - the menu title
  [% description %] - the menu description
  [% items %] - the hash for the menu items
  [% item_order %] - the order of the menu items
  [% current %] - the current menu item
  [% content %] - the output of the table
  [% hide %] - whether the menu should be hidden
  [% doctype %] - the default html doctype
  [% html_head %] - the default html doctype and css
  [% no_head %] - the 'no_head' option
  [% extra %] - extra template variables

render_as_chart

render_as_chart renders pie, line, and vertical bar charts via the Google Chart API.

type

This can be 'pie', 'bar', or 'line', which maps to the Google chart type (cht) 'p', 'bvg', and 'ls' respectively.

column and values

These two parameters are only applicable to pie charts. column defines the column of the table in which the values are compared. The values parameter is a list of values to be compared in that column, i.e. the slices.

columns and objects

These two parameters are only applicable to bar and line charts. columns defines the columns of the object to be compared. The objects parameter is a list of object IDs representing the objects to be compared.

options

A hashref for specifying Google Chart API options, such as the chart type, size, labels, or data. This hashref is serialised into a query string.

engine

Accepts a coderef to plug in your own charting engine.

render_as_chart passes the following list of variables to a template:

  [% template_url %] - the default template URL
  [% chart_id %] - the chart id
  [% title %] - the chart title
  [% description %] - the chart description
  [% chart %] - the chart
  [% options %] - the 'options' hash
  [% doctype %] - the default html doctype
  [% html_head %] - the default html doctype and css
  [% no_head %] - the 'no_head' option
  [% extra %] - extra template variables

OBJECT METHODS ^

Apart from the formatting methods injected by load, there are several lesser-used object methods:

delete_with_file

This is a wrapper of the object's delete method to remove any uploaded files associated:

  $object->delete_with_file();

stringify_me

Stringifies the object instance, e.g.:

  $object->first_name('John');
  $object->last_name('Smith');

  print $object->stringify_me();
  # prints 'John Smith';

It also accept the prepared parameter.

stringify_class

Stringifies the class name:

  print Company::Employee->stringify_class();
  # prints 'company_employee'

prepare_renderer

This is called by Renderer's load method internally. It generates the column formatting methods, column definition methods, as well as a renderer_config method for the Rose::DB::Object subclass. These generated methods are called by the rendering methods, e.g. render_as_form. Thus, it would be useful for physical Rose::DB::Object subclasses to call prepare_renderer explicitly, prior to running the rendering methods, unless those relevant methods are handcrafted. prepare_renderer returns the renderer config hashref generated for the calling Rose::DB::Object subclass.

  my $config = Company::Employee->prepare_renderer();
  $config->{upload}->{path} = '/path/for/file/uploads'; # set the path for file upload
  
  print Company::Employee->email_for_view(); # call the 'for view' method of the email column

  my $employee_config = Company::Employee->renderer_config(); # retrieve the complete config hashref
  my $email_definition = Company::Employee->email_definition(); # retrieve just the column definition hashref for the email column

SAMPLE TEMPLATES ^

There are four sample templates: 'form.tt', 'table.tt', 'menu.tt', and 'chart.tt' in the 'templates' folder of the TAR archive.

SEE ALSO ^

Rose::DB::Object, CGI::FormBuilder, Template::Toolkit, http://code.google.com/apis/chart/

AUTHOR ^

Xufeng (Danny) Liang (danny.glue@gmail.com)

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE ^

Copyright 2008-2010 Xufeng (Danny) Liang, All Rights Reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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