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azuma, kuniyuki > Sisimai > Sisimai::Data

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NAME ^

Sisimai::Data - Parsed data object

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Sisimai::Data;
    my $data = Sisimai::Data->make('data' => <Sisimai::Message> object);
    for my $e ( @$data ) {
        print $e->reason;               # userunknown, mailboxfull, and so on.
        print $e->recipient->address;   # (Sisimai::Address) envelope recipient address
        print $e->bonced->ymd           # (Sisimai::Time) Date of bounce
    }

DESCRIPTION ^

Sisimai::Data generate parsed data from Sisimai::Message object.

CLASS METHODS ^

make(Hash)

make generate parsed data and returns an array reference which are including Sisimai::Data objects.

    my $mail = Sisimai::Mail->new('/var/mail/root');
    while( my $r = $mail->read ) {
        my $mesg = Sisimai::Message->new('data' => $r);
        my $data = Sisimai::Data->make('data' => $mesg);
        for my $e ( @$data ) {
            print $e->reason;               # userunknown, mailboxfull, and so on.
            print $e->recipient->address;   # (Sisimai::Address) envelope recipient address
            print $e->timestamp->ymd        # (Sisimai::Time) Date of the email bounce
        }
    }

If you want to get bounce records which reason is "delivered", set "delivered" option to make() method like the following:

    my $data = Sisimai::Data->make('data' => $mesg, 'delivered' => 1);

Beggining from v4.19.0, `hook` argument is available to callback user defined method like the following codes:

    my $call = sub {
        my $argv = shift;
        my $fish = { 'x-mailer' => '' };

        if( $argv->{'message'} =~ m/^X-Mailer:\s*(.+)$/m ) {
            $fish->{'x-mailer'} = $1;
        }

        return $fish;
    };
    my $mesg = Sisimai::Message->new('data' => $mailtxt, 'hook' => $call);
    my $data = Sisimai::Data->make('data' => $mesg);
    for my $e ( @$data ) {
        print $e->catch->{'x-mailer'};      # Apple Mail (2.1283)
    }

INSTANCE METHODS ^

damn()

damn convert the object to a hash reference.

    my $hash = $self->damn;
    print $hash->{'recipient'}; # user@example.jp
    print $hash->{'timestamp'}; # 1393940000

PROPERTIES ^

Sisimai::Data have the following properties:

action (String)

action is the value of Action: field in a bounce email message such as failed or delayed.

    Action: failed

addresser (Sisimai::Address)

addressser is Sisimai::Address object generated from the sender address. When Sisimai::Data object is dumped as JSON, this value converted to an email address. Sisimai::Address object have the following accessors:

- user() - the local part of the address
- host() - the domain part of the address
- address() - email address
- verp() - variable envelope return path
- alias() - alias of the address
    From: "Kijitora Cat" <kijitora@example.org>

alias (String)

alias is an alias address of the recipient. When the Original-Recipient: field or expanded from "address" string did not exist in a bounce message, this value is empty.

    Original-Recipient: rfc822;kijitora@example.org

    "|IFS=' ' && exec /usr/local/bin/procmail -f- || exit 75 #kijitora"
        (expanded from: <kijitora@neko.example.edu>)

deliverystatus (String)

deliverystatus is the value of Status: field in a bounce message. When the message has no Status: field, Sisimai set pseudo value like 5.0.9XX to this value. The range of values only 4.x.x or 5.x.x.

    Status: 5.0.0 (permanent failure)

destination (String)

destination is the domain part of the recipient address. This value is the same as the return value from host() method of recipient accessor.

diagnosticcode (String)

diagnosticcode is an error message picked from Diagnostic-Code: field or message body in a bounce message. This value and the value of diagnostictype, action, deliverystatus, replycode, and smtpcommand will be referred by Sisimai::Reason to decide the bounce reason.

    Diagnostic-Code: SMTP; 554 5.4.6 Too many hops

diagnostictype (String)

diagnostictype is a type like SMTP or X-Unix picked from Diagnostic-Code: field in a bounce message. When there is no Diagnostic-Code: field in the bounce message, this value will be empty.

    Diagnostic-Code: X-Unix; 255

feedbacktype (String)

feedbacktype is the value of Feedback-Type: field like abuse, fraud, opt-out in a bounce message. When the message is not ARF format or the value of reason is not feedback, this value will be empty.

    Content-Type: message/feedback-report

    Feedback-Type: abuse
    User-Agent: SMP-FBL

lhost (String)

lhost is a local MTA name to be used as a gateway for sending email message or the value of Reporting-MTA field in a bounce message. When there is no Reporting-MTA field in the bounce message, Sisimai try to get the value from Received header.

    Reporting-MTA: dns; mx4.smtp.example.co.jp

listid (String)

listid is the value of List-Id header of the original message. When there is no List-Id field in the original message or the bounce message did not include the original message, this value will be empty.

    List-Id: Mailman mailing list management users 

messageid (String)

messageid is the value of Message-Id header of the original message. When the original message did not include Message-Id: header or the bounce message did not include the original message, this value will be empty.

    Message-Id: <201310160515.r9G5FZh9018575@smtpgw.example.jp>

recipient (Sisimai::Address)

recipient is Sisimai::Address object generated from the recipient address. When Sisimai::Data object is dumped as JSON, this value converted to an email address. Sisimai::Address object have the following accessors:

- user() - the local part of the address
- host() - the domain part of the address
- address() - email address
- verp() - variable envelope return path
- alias() - alias of the address
    Final-Recipient: RFC822; shironeko@example.ne.jp
    X-Failed-Recipients: kijitora@example.ed.jp

reason (String)

reason is the value of bounce reason Sisimai detected. When this value is undefined or onhold, it means that Sisimai could not decide the reason. All the reasons Sisismai can detect are available at Sisimai::Reason or web site http://libsisimai.org/reason.

replycode (Integer)

replyacode is the value of SMTP reply code picked from the error message or the value of Diagnostic-Code: field in a bounce message. The range of values is only 4xx or 5xx.

       ----- The following addresses had permanent fatal errors -----
    <userunknown@libsisimai.org>
        (reason: 550 5.1.1 <userunknown@libsisimai.org>... User Unknown)

rhost (String)

rhost is a remote MTA name which has rejected the message you sent or the value of Remote-MTA: field in a bounce message. When there is no Remote-MTA field in the bounce message, Sisimai try to get the value from Received header.

    Remote-MTA: DNS; g5.example.net

senderdomain (String)

senderdomain is the domain part of the sender address. This value is the same as the return value from host() method of addresser accessor.

smtpagent (String)

smtpagent is a module name to be used for detecting bounce reason. For example, when the value is Sendmail, Sisimai used Sisimai::Bite::Email::Sendmail to get the recipient address and other delivery status information from a bounce message.

smtpcommand (String)

smtpcommand is a SMTP command name picked from the error message or the value of Diagnostic-Code: field in a bounce message. When there is no SMTP command in the bounce message, this value will be empty. The list of values is HELO, EHLO, MAIL, RCPT, and DATA.

    <kijitora@example.go.jp>: host mx1.example.go.jp[192.0.2.127] said: 550 5.1.6 recipient
        no longer on server: kijitora@example.go.jp (in reply to RCPT TO command)

softbounce (Integer)

The value of softbounce indicates whether the reason of the bounce is soft bounce or hard bounce. This accessor has added in Sisimai 4.1.28. The range of the values are the followings:

1 = Soft bounce
0 = Hard bounce
-1 = Sisimai could not decide

subject (String)

subject is the value of Subject header of the original message. When the original message which is included in a bounce email contains no Subject header (removed by remote MTA), this value will be empty. If the value of Subject header of the original message contain any multibyte character (non-ASCII character), such as MIME encoded Japanese or German and so on, the value of subject in parsed data is encoded with UTF-8 again.

token (String)

token is an identifier of each email-bounce. The token string is created from the sender email address (addresser) and the recipient email address (recipient) and the machine time of the date in a bounce message as an MD5 hash value. The token value is generated at token() method of Sisimai::String class.

If you want to get the same token string at command line, try to run the following command:

    % printf "\x02%s\x1e%s\x1e%d\x03" sender@example.jp recipient@example.org `date '+%s'` | md5
    714d72dfd972242ad04f8053267e7365

timestamp (Sisimai::Time)

timestamp is the date which email has bounced as a Sisima::Time (Child class of Time::Piece) object. When Sisimai::Data object is dumped as JSON, this value will be converted to an UNIX machine time (32 bits integer).

    Arrival-Date: Thu, 29 Apr 2009 23:45:33 +0900

timezomeoffset (String)

timezoneoffset is a time zone offset of a bounce email which its email has bounced. The format of this value is String like +0900, -0200. If Sisimai has failed to get a value of time zone offset, this value will be set as +0000.

SEE ALSO ^

http://libsisimai.org/data/

AUTHOR ^

azumakuniyuki

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (C) 2014-2016 azumakuniyuki, All rights reserved.

LICENSE ^

This software is distributed under The BSD 2-Clause License.

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