Michael R. Davis > Storable-CouchDB > Storable::CouchDB

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NAME ^

Storable::CouchDB - Persistences for Perl data structures in Apache CouchDB

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Storable::CouchDB;
  my $s = Storable::CouchDB->new;
  my $data = $s->retrieve('doc'); #undef if not exists
  $s->store('doc1' => "data");    #overwrites or creates if not exists
  $s->store('doc2' => {"my" => "data"});
  $s->store('doc3' => ["my", "data"]);
  $s->store('doc4' => undef);
  $s->store('doc5' => $deepDataStructure);
  $s->delete('doc');

Inheritance

  package My::Storable::CouchDB;
  use base qw{Storable::CouchDB};
  sub db {"what-i-want"};
  sub uri {"http://where.i.want:5984/"};
  1;

DESCRIPTION ^

The Storable::CouchDB package brings persistence to your Perl data structures containing SCALAR, ARRAY, HASH or anything that can be serialized into JSON.

The concept for this package is to provide similar capabilities as Storable::store and Storable::retrieve which work seamlessly with CouchDB instead of a file system.

Storage Details

The data is stored in the CouchDB under a key named "data", in the document named by the "doc" argument, in the database return by the "db" method, on the server returned by the "uri" method.

In pseudo code:

  $uri . $db . $doc -> "data" = $data

Example:

The perl script

  perl -MStorable::CouchDB -e 'Storable::CouchDB->new->store(counter=>{key=>[1,2,3]})' 

Creates or updates this document

  http://127.0.0.1:5984/perl-storable-couchdb/counter

Which returns this JSON structure

  {
    "_id":"counter",
    "_rev":"39-31732f54c3ad4f2b61c217a9a8cf6171",
    "data":{"key":[1,2,3]}
  }

USAGE ^

Write a Perl data structure to the database.

  use Storable::CouchDB;
  my $s = Storable::CouchDB->new;
  $s->store('doc' => "Hello World!");

Read a Perl data structure from the database.

  use Storable::CouchDB;
  my $s = Storable::CouchDB->new;
  my $data = $s->retrieve('doc');
  print "$data\n";

prints "Hello World!"

CONSTRUCTOR ^

new

  my $s = Storable::CouchDB->new; #use default server and database

  my $s = Storable::CouchDB->new(
                                 uri => 'http://127.0.0.1:5984/',  #default
                                 db  => 'perl-storable-couchDB',   #default
                                );

METHODS ^

initialize

store

  $s->store('doc' => "Value");
  $s->store('doc' => {a => 1});
  $s->store('doc' => [1, 2, 3]);
  my $data=$s->store('doc' => {b => 2}); #returns data that was stored

API Difference: The Storable API uses the 'store data > filename' syntax which I think is counterintuitive for a document key=>value store like Apache CouchDB.

retrieve

  my $data=$s->retrieve('doc'); #undef if not exists (but you can also store undef)

delete

  $s->delete('doc');

  my $data=$s->delete('doc'); #returns value from database just before delete

METHODS (Properties) ^

db

Sets and retrieves the Apache CouchDB database name.

Default: perl-storable-couchdb

Limitation: Only lowercase characters (a-z), digits (0-9), and any of the characters _, $, (, ), +, -, and / are allowed. Must begin with a letter.

uri

URI of the Apache CouchDB server

Default: http://127.0.0.1:5984/

LIMITATIONS ^

All I need this package for storing ASCII values so currently this package meets my requirements. But, I would like to add blessed object support. I will gladly accept patches!

This package relies heavily on CouchDB::Client to do the right thing. So far, I have not had any compliants other than a slightly awkard interface.

BUGS ^

Please log on RT and send an email to the author.

SUPPORT ^

DavisNetworks.com supports all Perl applications including this package.

AUTHOR ^

  Michael R. Davis
  CPAN ID: MRDVT
  Satellite Tracking of People, LLC
  mrdvt92
  http://www.davisnetworks.com/

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2011 Michael R. Davis - MRDVT

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module.

SEE ALSO ^

Storable, CouchDB::Client, Apache CouchDB http://couchdb.apache.org/

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