Roderick Schertler > String-ShellQuote > shell-quote

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NAME ^

shell-quote - quote arguments for safe use, unmodified in a shell command

SYNOPSIS ^

shell-quote [switch]... arg...

DESCRIPTION ^

shell-quote lets you pass arbitrary strings through the shell so that they won't be changed by the shell. This lets you process commands or files with embedded white space or shell globbing characters safely. Here are a few examples.

EXAMPLES ^

ssh preserving args

When running a remote command with ssh, ssh doesn't preserve the separate arguments it receives. It just joins them with spaces and passes them to $SHELL -c. This doesn't work as intended:

    ssh host touch 'hi there'           # fails

It creates 2 files, hi and there. Instead, do this:

    cmd=`shell-quote touch 'hi there'`
    ssh host "$cmd"

This gives you just 1 file, hi there.

process find output

It's not ordinarily possible to process an arbitrary list of files output by find with a shell script. Anything you put in $IFS to split up the output could legitimately be in a file's name. Here's how you can do it using shell-quote:

    eval set -- `find -type f -print0 | xargs -0 shell-quote --`
debug shell scripts

shell-quote is better than echo for debugging shell scripts.

    debug() {
        [ -z "$debug" ] || shell-quote "debug:" "$@"
    }

With echo you can't tell the difference between debug 'foo bar' and debug foo bar, but with shell-quote you can.

save a command for later

shell-quote can be used to build up a shell command to run later. Say you want the user to be able to give you switches for a command you're going to run. If you don't want the switches to be re-evaluated by the shell (which is usually a good idea, else there are things the user can't pass through), you can do something like this:

    user_switches=
    while [ $# != 0 ]
    do
        case x$1 in
            x--pass-through)
                [ $# -gt 1 ] || die "need an argument for $1"
                user_switches="$user_switches "`shell-quote -- "$2"`
                shift;;
            # process other switches
        esac
        shift
    done
    # later
    eval "shell-quote some-command $user_switches my args"

OPTIONS ^

--debug

Turn debugging on.

--help

Show the usage message and die.

--version

Show the version number and exit.

AVAILABILITY ^

The code is licensed under the GNU GPL. Check http://www.argon.org/~roderick/ or CPAN for updated versions.

AUTHOR ^

Roderick Schertler <roderick@argon.org>

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