Rolf Harold Nelson > SyslogScan > SyslogScan::Summary

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Module Version: 0.2   Source  

NAME ^

SyslogScan::Summary -- encapsulates a tally of how many bytes people have sent and received through sendmail

SYNOPSIS ^

    Use SyslogScan::Summary;
    Use SyslogScan::DeliveryIterator;

    my $iter = new SyslogScan::DeliveryIterator(syslogList => 
                                                [/var/log/syslog]);
    my $summary;
    if (defined $DOING_IT_THE_HARD_WAY_FOR_NO_PARTICULAR_REASON)
    {
        # feed a series of SyslogScan::Delivery objects
        $summary = new SyslogScan::Summary();
        my $delivery;
        while ($delivery = $iter -> next())
        {
            $summary -> registerDelivery($delivery);

            # You would instead use:
            # $summary -> registerDelivery($delivery,'foo\.com\.$')
            # if you only cared to get statistics relating to how
            # much mail users at foo.com sent or received.
        }
    }
    else
    {
        # slurps up all deliveries in the iterator,
        # producing the same effect as the block above
        $summary = new SyslogScan::Summary($iter);
    }

    print $summary -> dump();

    use SyslogScan::Usage;
    my $usage = $$summary{'john_doe@foo.com'};
    if (defined $usage)
    {
        print "Here is the usage of John Doe at foo.com:\n";
        print $usage -> dump();
    }
    else
    {
        print "John Doe has neither sent nor received messages lately.\n";
    }

DESCRIPTION ^

A SyslogScan::Summary object will 'register' a series of SyslogScan::Delivery objects. All registered deliveries are grouped by sender and receiver e-mail addresses, and then added up. Three sums are kept: Total Bytes Recieved, Total Bytes Sent, and Total Bytes Broadcast.

Methods

static new() method

new takes as arguments a (possibly null) list of SyslogScan::DeliveryIterator objects, from which it extracts and registers all queued deliveries.

registerDelivery() method

registerDelivery takes as its first argument a SyslogScan::Delivery object followed by up to two optional patterns. If the first pattern is specified, only those e-mail addresses which match the pattern are tallied. This enables you to create an accounting summary for only those users at your site.

If the second pattern is also specified, then deliveries will only be registered to the person matched by the first pattern if the second pattern matches the address at 'the other end of the pipe'.

Pattern-matches are case-insensitive. Remember the '(?!regexp)' operation if you want only addresses which do _not_ match the pattern to get passed through the filter. For example, if mail to or from 'support' is exempt from billing charges, note that the pattern-match

/^(?!support)/

does _not_ match 'support@foo.com' but _does_ match 'random_guy@foo.com'.

registerAllInIterators() method

Takes as parameters two patterns and a list of iterators, then feeds deliveries in the iterators and the patterns to registerDelivery().

For example:

    $sum -> registerAllInIterators('foo\.com$','^(?!.*bar\.com$)',@iterList)

will bill users at foo.com for all mail extracted from @iterList which was sent from foo.com to somewhere besides bar.com, or sent to foo.com from somewhere besides bar.com.

dump() method

dump returns a string containing address lines alternating with usage reports. Usage reports are in the form:

        B#,Bb        S#,Sb        R#,Rb

Where:

B# is the number of messages broadcast B# is the total number of bytes broadcast

S# is the number of messages sent S# is the total number of bytes sent

R# is the number of messages received R# is the total number of bytes received

persist() method

persist takes as its single argument an output file-handle, and then persists the state of the summary to the file.

static restore() method

restore takes as its single argument an input file-handle which stores the results of a previous persist() command, and then returns a copy of the object in the state in which it was originally persisted.

addSummary() method

addSummary takes as its single argument a second SyslogScan::Summary object, and then adds this second summary to the $self object.

Example of use

Suppose I have a function getTodaySummary() which gets a Summary of the last 24 hours of sendmail logging.

    my $summary = getTodaySummary();
    open(SUMMARY1,">summary1.sav");
    $summary -> persist(\*SUMMARY1);
    close(SUMMARY1);
    exit 0;

    # wait 24 hours

    my $summary = getTodaySummary();
    open(SUMMARY2,">summary2.sav");
    $summary -> persist(\*SUMMARY2);
    close(SUMMARY2);
    exit 0;

    # some time later, you decide you want a summary of the total
    # for both days.  So, you write this program:

    open(INSUM1,"summary1.sav");
    my $sum = SyslogScan::Summary -> restore(\*INSUM1);

    open(INSUM2,"summary2.sav");
    my $sum2 = SyslogScan::Summary -> restore(\*INSUM2);

    $sum -> addSummary($sum2);
    print "Here is the grand total for both days:\n\n";
    print $sum -> dump();

Internals

A SyslogScan::Summary object is a hash of SyslogScan::Usage objects, where the key is the e-mail address of the user in question. SyslogScan::Usage has its own man page which describes how to extract information without having to use the dump() method.

AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT ^

The author (Rolf Harold Nelson) can currently be e-mailed as rolf@usa.healthnet.org.

This code is Copyright (C) SatelLife, Inc. 1996. All rights reserved. This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

In no event shall SatelLife be liable to any party for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use of this software and its documentation (including, but not limited to, lost profits) even if the authors have been advised of the possibility of such damage.

SEE ALSO ^

SyslogScan::Usage, SyslogScan::DeliveryIterator, SyslogScan::Delivery, SyslogScan::ByGroup

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