Alexandr Ciornii > Test-Warn > Test::Warn

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Module Version: 0.30   Source  

NAME ^

Test::Warn - Perl extension to test methods for warnings

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Test::Warn;

  warning_is    {foo(-dri => "/")} "Unknown Parameter 'dri'", "dri != dir gives warning";
  warnings_are  {bar(1,1)} ["Width very small", "Height very small"];

  warning_is    {add(2,2)} undef, "No warnings for calc 2+2"; # or
  warnings_are  {add(2,2)} [],    "No warnings for calc 2+2"; # what reads better :-)

  warning_like  {foo(-dri => "/")} qr/unknown param/i, "an unknown parameter test";
  warnings_like {bar(1,1)} [qr/width.*small/i, qr/height.*small/i];

  warning_is    {foo()} {carped => "didn't find the right parameters"};
  warnings_like {foo()} [qr/undefined/,qr/undefined/,{carped => qr/no result/i}];

  warning_like {foo(undef)}                 'uninitialized';
  warning_like {bar(file => '/etc/passwd')} 'io';

  warning_like {eval q/"$x"; $x;/} 
               [qw/void uninitialized/], 
               "some warnings at compile time";

  warnings_exist {...} [qr/expected warning/], "Expected warning is thrown";

DESCRIPTION ^

A good style of Perl programming calls for a lot of diverse regression tests.

This module provides a few convenience methods for testing warning based code.

If you are not already familiar with the Test::More manpage now would be the time to go take a look.

FUNCTIONS

warning_is BLOCK STRING, TEST_NAME

Tests that BLOCK gives the specified warning exactly once. The test fails if the BLOCK warns more than once or does not warn at all. If the string is undef, then the tests succeeds if the BLOCK doesn't give any warning. Another way to say that there are no warnings in the block is warnings_are {foo()} [], "no warnings".

If you want to test for a warning given by Carp, you have to write something like: warning_is {carp "msg"} {carped => 'msg'}, "Test for a carped warning". The test will fail if a "normal" warning is found instead of a "carped" one.

Note: warn "foo" would print something like foo at -e line 1. This method ignores everything after the "at". Thus to match this warning you would have to call warning_is {warn "foo"} "foo", "Foo succeeded". If you need to test for a warning at an exactly line, try something like warning_like {warn "foo"} qr/at XYZ.dat line 5/.

warning_is and warning_are are only aliases to the same method. So you also could write warning_is {foo()} [], "no warning" or something similar. I decided to give two methods the same name to improve readability.

A true value is returned if the test succeeds, false otherwise.

The test name is optional, but recommended.

warnings_are BLOCK ARRAYREF, TEST_NAME

Tests to see that BLOCK gives exactly the specified warnings. The test fails if the warnings from BLOCK are not exactly the ones in ARRAYREF. If the ARRAYREF is equal to [], then the test succeeds if the BLOCK doesn't give any warning.

Please read also the notes to warning_is as these methods are only aliases.

If you want more than one test for carped warnings, try this: warnings_are {carp "c1"; carp "c2"} {carped = ['c1','c2'];> or warnings_are {foo()} ["Warning 1", {carped = ["Carp 1", "Carp 2"]}, "Warning 2"]>. Note that {carped = ...}> must always be a hash ref.

warning_like BLOCK REGEXP, TEST_NAME

Tests that BLOCK gives exactly one warning and it can be matched by the given regexp. If the string is undef, then the tests succeeds if the BLOCK doesn't give any warning.

The REGEXP is matched against the whole warning line, which in general has the form "WARNING at __FILE__ line __LINE__". So you can check for a warning in the file Foo.pm on line 5 with warning_like {bar()} qr/at Foo.pm line 5/, "Testname". I don't know whether it makes sense to do such a test :-( However, you should be prepared as a matching with 'at', 'file', '\d' or similar will always pass. Think to the qr/^foo/ if you want to test for warning "foo something" in file foo.pl.

You can also write the regexp in a string as "/.../" instead of using the qr/.../ syntax. Note that the slashes are important in the string, as strings without slashes are reserved for warning categories (to match warning categories as can be seen in the perllexwarn man page).

Similar to warning_is, you can test for warnings via carp with: warning_like {bar()} {carped = qr/bar called too early/i};>

Similar to warning_is/warnings_are, warning_like and warnings_like are only aliases to the same methods.

A true value is returned if the test succeeds, false otherwise.

The test name is optional, but recommended.

warning_like BLOCK STRING, TEST_NAME

Tests whether a BLOCK gives exactly one warning of the passed category. The categories are grouped in a tree, like it is expressed in perllexwarn. Also see "BUGS AND LIMITATIONS".

Thanks to the grouping in a tree, it's simple possible to test for an 'io' warning, instead for testing for a 'closed|exec|layer|newline|pipe|unopened' warning.

Note, that warnings occurring at compile time, can only be caught in an eval block. So

  warning_like {eval q/"$x"; $x;/} 
               [qw/void uninitialized/], 
               "some warnings at compile time";

will work, while it wouldn't work without the eval.

Note, that it isn't possible yet, to test for own categories, created with warnings::register.

warnings_like BLOCK ARRAYREF, TEST_NAME

Tests to see that BLOCK gives exactly the number of the specified warnings and all the warnings have to match in the defined order to the passed regexes.

Please read also the notes to warning_like as these methods are only aliases.

Similar to warnings_are, you can test for multiple warnings via carp and for warning categories, too:

  warnings_like {foo()} 
                [qr/bar warning/,
                 qr/bar warning/,
                 {carped => qr/bar warning/i},
                 'io'
                ],
                "I hope, you'll never have to write a test for so many warnings :-)";
warnings_exist BLOCK STRING|ARRAYREF, TEST_NAME

Same as warning_like, but will warn() all warnings that do not match the supplied regex/category, instead of registering an error. Use this test when you just want to make sure that specific warnings were generated, and couldn't care less if other warnings happened in the same block of code.

  warnings_exist {...} [qr/expected warning/], "Expected warning is thrown";

  warnings_exist {...} ['uninitialized'], "Expected warning is thrown";

EXPORT

warning_is, warnings_are, warning_like, warnings_like, warnings_exist by default.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

Category check is done as qr/category_name/. In some case this works, like for category 'uninitialized'. For 'utf8' it does not work. Perl does not have a list of warnings, so it is not possible to generate one for Test::Warn. If you want to add a warning to a category, send a pull request. Modifications should be done to %warnings_in_category. You should look into perl source to check how warning is looking exactly.

Please note that warnings with newlines inside are making a lot of trouble. The only sensible way to handle them is to use are the warning_like or warnings_like methods. Background for these problems is that there is no really secure way to distinguish between warnings with newlines and a tracing stacktrace.

If a method has it's own warn handler, overwriting $SIG{__WARN__}, my test warning methods won't get these warnings.

The warning_like BLOCK CATEGORY, TEST_NAME method isn't extremely tested. Please use this calling style with higher attention and tell me if you find a bug.

TODO ^

Improve this documentation.

The code has some parts doubled - especially in the test scripts. This is really awkward and must be changed.

Please feel free to suggest improvements.

SEE ALSO ^

Have a look to the similar modules: Test::Exception, Test::Trap.

THANKS ^

Many thanks to Adrian Howard, chromatic and Michael G. Schwern, who have given me a lot of ideas.

AUTHOR ^

Janek Schleicher, <bigj AT kamelfreund.de>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright 2002 by Janek Schleicher

Copyright 2007-2014 by Alexandr Ciornii, http://chorny.net/

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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