Ralf S. Engelschall > lcwa > IO::Socket

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Module Version: 1.21   Source  

NAME ^

IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications

SYNOPSIS ^

    use IO::Socket;

DESCRIPTION ^

IO::Socket provides an object interface to creating and using sockets. It is built upon the IO::Handle interface and inherits all the methods defined by IO::Handle.

IO::Socket only defines methods for those operations which are common to all types of socket. Operations which are specified to a socket in a particular domain have methods defined in sub classes of IO::Socket

IO::Socket will export all functions (and constants) defined by Socket.

CONSTRUCTOR ^

new ( [ARGS] )

Creates an IO::Socket, which is a reference to a newly created symbol (see the Symbol package). new optionally takes arguments, these arguments are in key-value pairs. new only looks for one key Domain which tells new which domain the socket will be in. All other arguments will be passed to the configuration method of the package for that domain, See below.

 NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE

As of VERSION 1.18 all IO::Socket objects have autoflush turned on by default. This was not the case with earlier releases.

 NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE

METHODS ^

See perlfunc for complete descriptions of each of the following supported IO::Socket methods, which are just front ends for the corresponding built-in functions:

    socket
    socketpair
    bind
    listen
    accept
    send
    recv
    peername (getpeername)
    sockname (getsockname)
    shutdown

Some methods take slightly different arguments to those defined in perlfunc in attempt to make the interface more flexible. These are

accept([PKG])

perform the system call accept on the socket and return a new object. The new object will be created in the same class as the listen socket, unless PKG is specified. This object can be used to communicate with the client that was trying to connect. In a scalar context the new socket is returned, or undef upon failure. In an array context a two-element array is returned containing the new socket and the peer address, the list will be empty upon failure.

Additional methods that are provided are

timeout([VAL])

Set or get the timeout value associated with this socket. If called without any arguments then the current setting is returned. If called with an argument the current setting is changed and the previous value returned.

sockopt(OPT [, VAL])

Unified method to both set and get options in the SOL_SOCKET level. If called with one argument then getsockopt is called, otherwise setsockopt is called.

sockdomain

Returns the numerical number for the socket domain type. For example, for a AF_INET socket the value of &AF_INET will be returned.

socktype

Returns the numerical number for the socket type. For example, for a SOCK_STREAM socket the value of &SOCK_STREAM will be returned.

protocol

Returns the numerical number for the protocol being used on the socket, if known. If the protocol is unknown, as with an AF_UNIX socket, zero is returned.

SEE ALSO ^

Socket, IO::Handle, IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::UNIX

AUTHOR ^

Graham Barr <gbarr@pobox.com>

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 1996 Graham Barr. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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