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Daniel Pfeiffer > makepp > makeppreplay


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makeppreplay -- Fast repeater of selected makepp actions


?: -?A: -A, --args-file, --arguments-fileC: -C, -cD: --directory, --dry-runH: -h, --helpI: -I, --include, --include-dirJ: --just-printK: -k, --keep-goingL: --log, --log-fileM: -M, $MAKEPPREPLAYFLAGS, --moduleN: -n, --no-log, --no-print-directory, --no-warnP: --profileR: --recon, --root-dir, --root-directoryS: -s, --sedT: -t, --temporaryV: -V, --version

makeppreplayoption ... ] [ VAR=value ] [ target ... ]

mpproption ... ] [ VAR=value ] [ target ... ]

Makeppreplay tries to do the same things makepp did. It does this solely based on the remembered build info, saving much time by not reading makefiles, not parsing commands, not scanning files and not looking at every repository file, to see whether it fits. But unlike makepp it reuses all repository links it finds.

It does not know about phony or default targets, so you have to give it real files or directories, as a shortcut for all files makepp has built therein. By default it builds all files makepp built in the current or chosen directory.

This approach is only correct when there are no structural changes, i.e. no different modules to be linked, no moved files, no different #include statements, which should possibly have caused those files to be (re)built. After updating from version control, or when building against a repository, where others may have caused such changes, you should call makepp once after potential changes (e.g. in the morning after an overnight repository update), to be sure your build infos are up to date.

Not reading makefiles means, it will not know any subs (Perl functions) defined in them. For this you should put all your functions into an external module. It will also not know about any variable settings, which is only a problem if your Perl code accesses them (because in rule actions they have already been expanded).


This is still experimental and imperfect.


Options include some of the makepp options, plus two new ones, for loading modules that would normally be loaded from a makefile.

-A filename

Read the file and parse it as possibly quoted whitespace- and/or newline-separated options.

-C directory

Cd to the given directory before loading the makefile and trying to build the targets. This is more or less equivalent to specifying a directory with -F, except that subsequent -C, -f, -F, -I and -R options are interpreted relative to the new directory, rather than the old one.


Cd up to the directory containing a RootMakeppfile.

-I directory

Add directory to Perl load path @INC.


Print out a brief summary of the options.


Build as many files as possible, even if some of them have errors. By default, makepp stops when it encounters the first error, even if there are other files that need to be built that don't depend on the erroneous file.


Changes the name of the log file to the indicated name. By default, the log file is called .makepp/log. This file is readable with makepplog, mppl.

-M module[=arg,...]

Load module and import any functions it exports.


Print out commands without actually executing them.


Don't bother writing a detailed description of what was done to the log file.


Turn off the entering or leaving directory messages.


Output raw timestamps before and after each action.

-s perl-expression

Run the perl expression against the command before running it, like for preprocessor -s 's/ -c / -E /; s/\.o\b/.i/g'. This would transform a compilation command (-c) into a preprocessor (-E) invocation, changing the .o suffix to .i, which is a conventional suffix for preprocessed C. Or you might want to add some debug output to your linker. If you have only one command in the rule, you can do this by substituting it into the first space: -s 's/ / -Wl,-t /'.

When the command is altered, nothing is remembered about this, i.e. makepp will think you have manually modified the file, causing a rebuild.

Note that (unlike makepp) makeppreplay does not parse the command, so it won't notice that the target filename was changed. So you must still request the .o target, even though a .i will be built. And makeppclean won't know to remove it.


Makeppreplay modifies the build info of all files it touched and of all dependencies it found modified. It marks them in such a way that makepp nevertheless knows that it needs to rescan these files. But with this option you can prevent these modifications, so that makepp will simply consider all files makeppreplay created as incorrect.


Print out the version number.


Don't print any warning messages.


Probably the most common use is relinking either a program or a library after editing a source file:

    makeppreplay subdir/foo.o bin/bar
    mppr subdir/foo.o lib/


Makeppreplay looks at the following environment variable:


Any options you may want to always pass.


Daniel Pfeiffer (

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