Fred Moyer > mod_perl > Apache2::Response

Download:
mod_perl-2.0.8.tar.gz

Annotate this POD

CPAN RT

New  15
Open  6
View/Report Bugs
Source  

NAME ^

Apache2::Response - Perl API for Apache HTTP request response methods

Synopsis ^

  use Apache2::Response ();
  
  $r->custom_response(Apache2::Const::FORBIDDEN, "No Entry today");
  
  $etag = $r->make_etag($force_weak);
  $r->set_etag();
  $status = $r->meets_conditions();
  
  $mtime_rat = $r->rationalize_mtime($mtime);
  $r->set_last_modified($mtime);
  $r->update_mtime($mtime);
  
  $r->send_cgi_header($buffer);
  
  $r->set_content_length($length);
  
  $ret = $r->set_keepalive();

Description ^

Apache2::Response provides the Apache request object utilities API for dealing with HTTP response generation process.

API ^

Apache2::Response provides the following functions and/or methods:

custom_response

Install a custom response handler for a given status

  $r->custom_response($status, $string);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

arg1: $status ( Apache2::Const constant )

The status for which the custom response should be used (e.g. Apache2::Const::AUTH_REQUIRED)

arg2: $string (string)

The custom response to use. This can be a static string, or a URL, full or just the uri path (/foo/bar.txt).

ret: no return value
since: 2.0.00

custom_response() doesn't alter the response code, but is used to replace the standard response body. For example, here is how to change the response body for the access handler failure:

  package MyApache2::MyShop;
  use Apache2::Response ();
  use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(FORBIDDEN OK);
  sub access {
      my $r = shift;
   
      if (MyApache2::MyShop::tired_squirrels()) {
          $r->custom_response(Apache2::Const::FORBIDDEN,
              "It's siesta time, please try later");
          return Apache2::Const::FORBIDDEN;
      }
  
      return Apache2::Const::OK;
  }
  ...

  # httpd.conf
  PerlModule MyApache2::MyShop
  <Location /TestAPI__custom_response>
      AuthName dummy
      AuthType none
      PerlAccessHandler   MyApache2::MyShop::access
      PerlResponseHandler MyApache2::MyShop::response
  </Location>

When squirrels can't run any more, the handler will return 403, with the custom message:

  It's siesta time, please try later

make_etag

Construct an entity tag from the resource information. If it's a real file, build in some of the file characteristics.

  $etag = $r->make_etag($force_weak);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

arg1: $force_weak (number)

Force the entity tag to be weak - it could be modified again in as short an interval.

ret: $etag (string)

The entity tag

since: 2.0.00

meets_conditions

Implements condition GET rules for HTTP/1.1 specification. This function inspects the client headers and determines if the response fulfills the specified requirements.

  $status = $r->meets_conditions();
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

ret: $status ( Apache2::Const status constant )

Apache2::Const::OK if the response fulfills the condition GET rules. Otherwise some other status code (which should be returned to Apache).

since: 2.0.00

Refer to the Generating Correct HTTP Headers document for an indepth discussion of this method.

rationalize_mtime

Return the latest rational time from a request/mtime pair.

  $mtime_rat = $r->rationalize_mtime($mtime);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

arg1: $mtime ( time in seconds )

The last modified time

ret: $mtime_rat ( time in seconds )

the latest rational time from a request/mtime pair. Mtime is returned unless it's in the future, in which case we return the current time.

since: 2.0.00

send_cgi_header

Parse the header

  $r->send_cgi_header($buffer);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )
arg1: $buffer (string)

headers and optionally a response body

ret: no return value
since: 2.0.00

This method is really for back-compatibility with mod_perl 1.0. It's very inefficient to send headers this way, because of the parsing overhead.

If there is a response body following the headers it'll be handled too (as if it was sent via print()).

Notice that if only HTTP headers are included they won't be sent until some body is sent (again the "send" part is retained from the mod_perl 1.0 method).

set_content_length

Set the content length for this request.

  $r->set_content_length($length);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

arg1: $length (integer)

The new content length

ret: no return value
since: 2.0.00

set_etag

Set the E-tag outgoing header

  $r->set_etag();
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )
ret: no return value
since: 2.0.00

set_keepalive

Set the keepalive status for this request

  $ret = $r->set_keepalive();
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

ret: $ret ( boolean )

true if keepalive can be set, false otherwise

since: 2.0.00

It's called by ap_http_header_filter(). For the complete complicated logic implemented by this method see httpd-2.0/server/http_protocol.c.

set_last_modified

sets the Last-Modified response header field to the value of the mtime field in the request structure -- rationalized to keep it from being in the future.

  $r->set_last_modified($mtime);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )
opt arg1: $mtime ( time in seconds )

if the $mtime argument is passed, $r->update_mtime will be first run with that argument.

ret: no return value
since: 2.0.00

update_mtime

Set the $r->mtime field to the specified value if it's later than what's already there.

  $r->update_mtime($mtime);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

arg1: $mtime ( time in seconds )
ret: no return value
since: 2.0.00

See also: $r->set_last_modified.

Unsupported API ^

Apache2::Response also provides auto-generated Perl interface for a few other methods which aren't tested at the moment and therefore their API is a subject to change. These methods will be finalized later as a need arises. If you want to rely on any of the following methods please contact the the mod_perl development mailing list so we can help each other take the steps necessary to shift the method to an officially supported API.

send_error_response

Send an "error" response back to client. It is used for any response that can be generated by the server from the request record. This includes all 204 (no content), 3xx (redirect), 4xx (client error), and 5xx (server error) messages that have not been redirected to another handler via the ErrorDocument feature.

  $r->send_error_response($recursive_error);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

arg1: $recursive_error ( boolean )

the error status in case we get an error in the process of trying to deal with an ErrorDocument to handle some other error. In that case, we print the default report for the first thing that went wrong, and more briefly report on the problem with the ErrorDocument.

ret: no return value
since: 2.0.00

META: it's really an internal Apache method, I'm not quite sure how can it be used externally.

send_mmap

META: Autogenerated - needs to be reviewed/completed

Send an MMAP'ed file to the client

  $ret = $r->send_mmap($mm, $offset, $length);
obj: $r ( Apache2::RequestRec object )

The current request

arg1: $mm (APR::Mmap)

The MMAP'ed file to send

arg2: $offset (number)

The offset into the MMAP to start sending

arg3: $length (integer)

The amount of data to send

ret: $ret (integer)

The number of bytes sent

since: 2.0.00

META: requires a working APR::Mmap, which is not supported at the moment.

See Also ^

mod_perl 2.0 documentation.

Copyright ^

mod_perl 2.0 and its core modules are copyrighted under The Apache Software License, Version 2.0.

Authors ^

The mod_perl development team and numerous contributors.

syntax highlighting: