Andy Wardley > Badger-0.09 > Badger::Timestamp

Download:
Badger-0.09.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

CPAN RT

New  1
Open  0
View/Report Bugs
Source  

NAME ^

Badger::Timestamp - object representation of a timestamp

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Badger::Timestamp;
    
    # timestamp defaults to date/time now
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new();
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->now();   # alias to new()
    
    # construct from seconds since epoch
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new($epoch_seconds);
    
    # or from ISO-8601 timestamp (or similar)
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new('2006-03-19 04:20:42');
    
    # or from individual arguments
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new(
        year    => 2006,
        month   => 3,
        day     => 19
        hours   => 4
        minutes => 20
        seconds => 42
    );
    
    # overloaded stringification operator calls timestamp() method
    print $stamp->timestamp;                # 2006-03-19 04:20:42
    print $stamp;                           # 2006-03-19 04:20:42
    
    # format using strftime()
    print $stamp->format('%d-%b-%y');
        
    # methods to access parts of date and time - in both singular
    # (month, year, etc) and plural (months, years, etc) forms
    print $stamp->date;                     # 2006-03-19
    print $stamp->year;                     # 2006
    print $stamp->month;                    # 03
    print $stamp->day;                      # 19
    print $stamp->time;                     # 04:20:42
    print $stamp->hours;                    # 04
    print $stamp->minutes;                  # 20
    print $stamp->seconds;                  # 42
    
    # update parts of date/time
    $stamp->year(2007);
    print $stamp;                           # 2007-03-19 04:20:42
    
    # adjust date/time
    $stamp->adjust( months => 3  );         # 3 months time
    $stamp->adjust( days   => 60 );         # 60 days time
    $stamp->adjust( hours  => -3 );         # 3 hours ago
    
    # comparisons
    $stamp->compare($epoch_seconds);        # returns -1/0/1
    $stamp->compare($timestamp_string);
    $stamp->compare($timestamp_object);
    $stamp->compare( year => 2006, month => 03, ...etc... );
    $stamp->compare($hash_ref_of_named_params);
    
    $stamp->before($any_of_the_above);      # returns 1/0
    $stamp->after($any_of_the_above);       # returns 1/0

DESCRIPTION ^

This module implements a small and simple object for representing a moment in time. Its scope is intentionally limited to the kind of applications that require very basic date and time functionality with minimal overhead. A typical example would be a CGI script or library generating a timestamp for a cookie, printing out a "last modified" date at the bottom of a web page, or adding a time stamp to a log file message without having the remember the right incantation to pass to strftime().

For any non-trivial date manipulation you should almost certainly be using the most excellent DateTime modules instead.

The goals of this implementation are:

The module is derived from the Template Toolkit date plugin. It was moved out into stand-alone module in 2006 for use in various commercial projects. It was made fully generic and moved into the Badger fold in January 2009.

Please note that this documentation may be incorrect or incomplete in places.

EXPORTABLE SUBROUTINES ^

TS / TIMESTAMP

This are shortcut aliases to Badger::Timestamp.

    use Badger::Timestamp 'TS';
    
    my $ts = TS->new();         # same as Badger::Timestamp->new();

Timestamp()

This subroutine returns the name of the Badger::Timestamp class when called without arguments. Thus it can be used as an alias for Badger::Timestamp as per TS.

    use Badger::Timestamp 'Timestamp';
    
    my $ts = Timestamp->new();  # same as Badger::Timestamp->new();

When called with arguments, it creates a new Badger::Timestamp object.

    my $ts = Timestamp($date);  # same as Badger::Timestamp->new($date);

Now()

Returns a Badger::Timestamp for the current time.

METHODS ^

new($timestamp)

Constructor method to create a new Badger::Timestamp object from a timestamp string or seconds since the epoch.

The timestamp should be specified as a date and time separated by a single space or upper case T. The date should contain 4 digits for the year and two for each of the month and day separated by any non-numerical characters. The time is comprised of two digits for each of the hours, minutes and seconds, also separated by any non-numerical characters.

    # examples of valid formats
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new('2006-03-19 04:20:42');
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new('2006-03-19T04:20:42');
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new('2006/03/19 04:20:42');
    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new('2006/03/19T04:20:42');

The Badger::Timestamp module converts these to the canonical form of YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS

    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new('2006/03/19T04.20.42');
    print $stamp;       # 2006-03-19 04:20:42

You can also construct a Badger::Timestamp object by specifying the number of seconds since the epoch. This is the value return by system functions like time() and used for file creation/modification times.

    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new(time());

Or can can pass it an existing Badger::Timestamp object.

    my $stamp2 = Badger::Timestamp->new($stamp);

If you don't specify any argument then you get the current system time as returned by time().

    my $now = Badger::Timestamp->new;

now()

Returns a Badger::Timestamp object representing the current date and time.

copy()

Returns a new Badger::Timestamp object creates as a copy of the current one.

    my $copy = $stamp->copy;

This can be useful for making adjustments to a timestamp without affecting the original object.

    my $later = $stamp->copy->adjust( months => 3 );

timestamp()

Returns the complete timestamp in canonical form.

    print $stamp->timestamp();  # 2006-03-19 04:20:42

This method is called automatically whenever the object is used as a string value.

    print $stamp;               # 2006-03-19 04:20:42

format($format)

Returns a formatted version of the timestamp, generated using the POSIX strftime function.

    print $stamp->format('%d-%b-%y');

date()

Returns the date component of the timestamp.

    print $stamp->date();       # 2006-03-19

year() / years()

Returns the year.

    print $stamp->year();       # 2006

Can also be called with an argument to change the year.

    $stamp->year(2007);

month() / months()

Returns the month.

    print $stamp->month();      # 03

Can also be called with an argument to change the yonth.

    $stamp->month(04);

day() / days()

Returns the day.

    print $stamp->day();        # 19

Can also be called with an argument to change the day.

    $stamp->day(20);

days_in_month()

Returns the number of days in the current month. Accounts correctly for leap years.

leap_year()

Returns a true value (1) if the year is a leap year, a false value (0) if not.

time()

Returns the time component of the timestamp.

    print $stamp->time();       # 04:20:42

hour() / hours()

Returns the hours.

    print $stamp->hours();      # 04

Can also be called with an argument to change the hours.

    $stamp->hours(05);

minute() / minutes()

Returns the minutes.

    print $stamp->minutes();    # 20

Can also be called with an argument to change the minutes.

    $stamp->minutes(21);

second() / seconds()

Returns the seconds.

    print $stamp->seconds();    # 42

Can also be called with an argument to change the seconds.

    $stamp->seconds(42);

epoch_time()

Returns the timestamp object as the number of seconds since the epoch time.

compare($when)

This method is used to chronologically compare two timestamps to determine if one is earlier, later, or exactly equal to another.

The method can be passed another Badger::Timestamp object to compare against or an argument or arguments from which a Badger::Timestamp object can be constructed. If no arguments are passed then it defaults to a comparison against the current time.

    my $stamp = Badger::Timestamp->new('2009-01-10 04:20:00');
    
    $stamp->before($another_timestamp_object);       
    $stamp->before('2009-04-20 04:20:00');
    $stamp->before($epoch_seconds);
    $stamp->before;                          # before now

The method returns -1 if the timestamp object represents a time before the timestamp passed as an argument, 1 if it's after, or 0 if it's equal.

equal($when)

This is a method of convenience which uses compare() to test if two timestamps are equal. You can pass it any of the arguments accepted by the compare() method.

    if ($time1->equal($time2)) {
        print "both timestamps are equal\n";
    }

This method is overloaded onto the == operator, allowing you to perform more natural comparisons.

    if ($time1 == $time2) {
        print "both timestamps are equal\n";
    }

before($when)

This is a method of convenience which uses compare() to test if one timestamp occurs before another. It returns a true value (1) if the first timestamp (the object) is before the second (the argument), or a false value (0) otherwise.

    if ($time1->before($time2)) {
        print "time1 is before time2\n";
    }

This method is overloaded onto the < operator.

    if ($time1 < $time2) {
        print "time1 is before time2\n";
    }

after($when)

This is a method of convenience which uses compare() to test if one timestamp occurs after another. It returns a true value (1) if the first timestamp (the object) is after the second (the argument), or a false value (0) otherwise.

    if ($time1->after($time2)) {
        print "time1 is after time2\n";
    }

This method is overloaded onto the > operator.

    if ($time1 > $time2) {
        print "time1 is after time2\n";
    }

not_equal($when)

This is an alias to the compare() method. It returns a true value (-1 or +1, both of which Perl considers to be true values) if the timestamps are not equal or false value (0) if they are.

    if ($time1->not_equal($time2)) {
        print "time1 is not equal to time2\n";
    }

This method is overloaded onto the != operator.

    if ($time1 != $time2) {
        print "time1 is not equal to time2\n";
    }

not_before($when)

This is a method of convenience which uses compare() to test if one timestamp does not occur before another. It returns a true value (1) if the first timestamp (the object) is equal to or after the second (the argument), or a false value (0) otherwise.

    if ($time1->not_before($time2)) {
        print "time1 is not before time2\n";
    }

This method is overloaded onto the >= operator.

    if ($time1 >= $time2) {
        print "time1 is not before time2\n";
    }

not_after($when)

This is a method of convenience which uses compare() to test if one timestamp does not occur after another. It returns a true value (1) if the first timestamp (the object) is equal to or before the second (the argument), or a false value (0) otherwise.

    if ($time1->not_after($time2)) {
        print "time1 is not after time2\n";
    }

This method is overloaded onto the <= operator.

    if ($time1 <= $time2) {
        print "time1 is not after time2\n";
    }

adjust(%adjustments)

Method to adjust the timestamp by a fixed amount or amounts.

    # positive adjustment
    $date->adjust( months => 6, years => 1 );
    
    # negative adjustment
    $date->adjust( months => -18, hours => -200 );

Named parameters can be passed as arguments or via a hash reference.

    $date->adjust(  months => -18, hours => -200  );        # naked
    $date->adjust({ months => -18, hours => -200 });        # clothed

You can specify units using singular (second, hour, month, etc) or plural (seconds, hours, minutes, etc) keys. The method will correctly handle values outside the usual ranges. For example, you can specify a change of 18 months, -200 hours, -99 seconds, and so on.

A single non-reference argument is assumed to be a duration which is converted to a number of seconds via the duration() method.

duration($duration)

Returns the number of seconds in a duration. A single numerical argument is assumed to be a number of seconds and is returned unchanged.

    $date->adjust(300);     # 300 seconds

A single non-numerical argument should have a suffix indicating the units. In "compact form" this is a single letter. We use lower case m for minutes and upper case M for months.

    $date->adjust("300s");  # or "300 seconds"
    $date->adjust("90m");   # or "90 minutes"
    $date->adjust("3h");    # or "3 hours"    
    $date->adjust("2d");    # or "2 days"
    $date->adjust("6M");    # or "6 months"   
    $date->adjust("5y");    # or "5 years"

Alternately you can spell the units out in full as shown in the right column above. However, we only look at the first character of the following word so you can write all sorts of nonsense which we will dutifully accept without complaint.

    $date->adjust("5 sheep");   # 5 seconds
    $date->adjust("9 men");     # 9 minutes
    $date->adjust("3 yaks");    # 3 years

For the sake of convenience, the method will automatically convert the word month into Month so that the first letter is correctly capitalised.

INTERNAL METHODS ^

split_timestamp()

Splits a timestamp into its constituent parts.

join_timestamp()

Joins the constituent parts of a date back into a timestamp.

uncache()

Removes any internally cached items. This is called automatically whenever the timestamp is modified.

AUTHOR ^

Andy Wardley http://wardley.org

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (C) 2001-2009 Andy Wardley. All Rights Reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

syntax highlighting: