Andy Wardley > Template-Toolkit-2.22 > Template::Service

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Module Version: 2.8   Source   Latest Release: Template-Toolkit-2.26

NAME ^

Template::Service - General purpose template processing service

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Template::Service;
    
    my $service = Template::Service->new({
        PRE_PROCESS  => [ 'config', 'header' ],
        POST_PROCESS => 'footer',
        ERROR        => {
            user     => 'user/index.html', 
            dbi      => 'error/database',
            default  => 'error/default',
        },
    });
    
    my $output = $service->process($template_name, \%replace)
        || die $service->error(), "\n";

DESCRIPTION ^

The Template::Service module implements an object class for providing a consistent template processing service.

Standard header (PRE_PROCESS) and footer (POST_PROCESS) templates may be specified which are prepended and appended to all templates processed by the service (but not any other templates or blocks INCLUDEd or PROCESSed from within). An ERROR hash may be specified which redirects the service to an alternate template file in the case of uncaught exceptions being thrown. This allows errors to be automatically handled by the service and a guaranteed valid response to be generated regardless of any processing problems encountered.

A default Template::Service object is created by the Template module. Any Template::Service options may be passed to the Template new() constructor method and will be forwarded to the Template::Service constructor.

    use Template;
    
    my $template = Template->new({
        PRE_PROCESS  => 'header',
        POST_PROCESS => 'footer',
    });

Similarly, the Template::Service constructor will forward all configuration parameters onto other default objects (e.g. Template::Context) that it may need to instantiate.

A Template::Service object (or subclass) can be explicitly instantiated and passed to the Template new() constructor method as the SERVICE item.

    use Template;
    use Template::Service;
    
    my $service = Template::Service->new({
        PRE_PROCESS  => 'header',
        POST_PROCESS => 'footer',
    });
    
    my $template = Template->new({
        SERVICE => $service,
    });

The Template::Service module can be sub-classed to create custom service handlers.

    use Template;
    use MyOrg::Template::Service;
    
    my $service = MyOrg::Template::Service->new({
        PRE_PROCESS  => 'header',
        POST_PROCESS => 'footer',
        COOL_OPTION  => 'enabled in spades',
    });
    
    my $template = Template->new({
        SERVICE => $service,
    });

The Template module uses the Template::Config service() factory method to create a default service object when required. The $Template::Config::SERVICE package variable may be set to specify an alternate service module. This will be loaded automatically and its new() constructor method called by the service() factory method when a default service object is required. Thus the previous example could be written as:

    use Template;
    
    $Template::Config::SERVICE = 'MyOrg::Template::Service';
    
    my $template = Template->new({
        PRE_PROCESS  => 'header',
        POST_PROCESS => 'footer',
        COOL_OPTION  => 'enabled in spades',
    });

METHODS ^

new(\%config)

The new() constructor method is called to instantiate a Template::Service object. Configuration parameters may be specified as a HASH reference or as a list of name => value pairs.

    my $service1 = Template::Service->new({
        PRE_PROCESS  => 'header',
        POST_PROCESS => 'footer',
    });
    
    my $service2 = Template::Service->new( ERROR => 'error.html' );

The new() method returns a Template::Service object or undef on error. In the latter case, a relevant error message can be retrieved by the error() class method or directly from the $Template::Service::ERROR package variable.

    my $service = Template::Service->new(\%config)
        || die Template::Service->error();
        
    my $service = Template::Service->new(\%config)
        || die $Template::Service::ERROR;

process($input, \%replace)

The process() method is called to process a template specified as the first parameter, $input. This may be a file name, file handle (e.g. GLOB or IO::Handle) or a reference to a text string containing the template text. An additional hash reference may be passed containing template variable definitions.

The method processes the template, adding any PRE_PROCESS or POST_PROCESS templates defined, and returns the output text. An uncaught exception thrown by the template will be handled by a relevant ERROR handler if defined. Errors that occur in the PRE_PROCESS or POST_PROCESS templates, or those that occur in the main input template and aren't handled, cause the method to return undef to indicate failure. The appropriate error message can be retrieved via the error() method.

    $service->process('myfile.html', { title => 'My Test File' })
        || die $service->error();

context()

Returns a reference to the internal context object which is, by default, an instance of the Template::Context class.

CONFIGURATION OPTIONS ^

The following list summarises the configuration options that can be provided to the Template::Service new() constructor. Please consult Template::Manual::Config for further details and examples of each configuration option in use.

PRE_PROCESS, POST_PROCESS

The PRE_PROCESS and POST_PROCESS options may be set to contain the name(s) of template files which should be processed immediately before and/or after each template. These do not get added to templates processed into a document via directives such as INCLUDE PROCESS, WRAPPER, etc.

    my $service = Template::Service->new({
        PRE_PROCESS  => 'header',
        POST_PROCESS => 'footer',
    };

Multiple templates may be specified as a reference to a list. Each is processed in the order defined.

    my $service = Template::Service->new({
        PRE_PROCESS  => [ 'config', 'header' ],
        POST_PROCESS => 'footer',
    };

PROCESS

The PROCESS option may be set to contain the name(s) of template files which should be processed instead of the main template passed to the Template::Service process() method. This can be used to apply consistent wrappers around all templates, similar to the use of PRE_PROCESS and POST_PROCESS templates.

    my $service = Template::Service->new({
        PROCESS  => 'content',
    };
    
    # processes 'content' instead of 'foo.html'
    $service->process('foo.html');

A reference to the original template is available in the template variable. Metadata items can be inspected and the template can be processed by specifying it as a variable reference (i.e. prefixed by '$') to an INCLUDE, PROCESS or WRAPPER directive.

Example PROCESS template:

    <html>
      <head>
        <title>[% template.title %]</title>
      </head>
      <body>
      [% PROCESS $template %]
      </body>
    </html>

ERROR

The ERROR (or ERRORS if you prefer) configuration item can be used to name a single template or specify a hash array mapping exception types to templates which should be used for error handling. If an uncaught exception is raised from within a template then the appropriate error template will instead be processed.

If specified as a single value then that template will be processed for all uncaught exceptions.

    my $service = Template::Service->new({
        ERROR => 'error.html'
    });

If the ERROR/ERRORS item is a hash reference the keys are assumed to be exception types and the relevant template for a given exception will be selected. A default template may be provided for the general case.

    my $service = Template::Service->new({
        ERRORS => {
            user     => 'user/index.html',
            dbi      => 'error/database',
            default  => 'error/default',
        },
    });

AUTO_RESET

The AUTO_RESET option is set by default and causes the local BLOCKS cache for the Template::Context object to be reset on each call to the Template process() method. This ensures that any BLOCKs defined within a template will only persist until that template is finished processing.

DEBUG

The DEBUG option can be used to enable debugging messages from the Template::Service module by setting it to include the DEBUG_SERVICE value.

    use Template::Constants qw( :debug );
    
    my $template = Template->new({
        DEBUG => DEBUG_SERVICE,
    });

AUTHOR ^

Andy Wardley <abw@wardley.org> http://wardley.org/

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (C) 1996-2007 Andy Wardley. All Rights Reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO ^

Template, Template::Context

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