Nils Diewald > Crypt-MagicSignatures-Envelope-0.07 > Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope

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Module Version: 0.07   Source  

NAME ^

Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope - MagicEnvelopes for the Salmon Protocol

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key;
  use Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope;

  # Create a new MagicKey for signing messages
  my $mkey = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key->new(size => 1024);

  # Fold a new envelope
  my $me = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope->new(
    data => 'Some arbitrary string.'
  );

  # Sign magic envelope
  $me->sign($mkey);

  # Extract the public key
  my $mkey_public = $mkey->to_string;

  # Verify the signature of the envelope
  if ($me->verify($mkey_public)) {
    print 'Signature is verified!';
  };

DESCRIPTION ^

Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope implements MagicEnvelopes with MagicSignatures as described in the MagicSignatures Specification to sign messages of the Salmon Protocol. MagicSignatures is a "robust mechanism for digitally signing nearly arbitrary messages".

This module is an early release! There may be significant changes in the future.

ATTRIBUTES ^

alg

  my $alg = $me->alg;

The algorithm used for signing the MagicEnvelope. Defaults to RSA-SHA256, which is the only supported algorithm.

data

  my $data = $me->data;
  $me->data('Hello world!');

The decoded data folded in the MagicEnvelope.

data_type

  my $data_type = $me->data_type;
  $me->data_type('text/plain');

The Mime type of the data folded in the MagicEnvelope. Defaults to text/plain.

dom

  # Fold an xml message
  my $me = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope->new( data => <<'XML' );
  <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
  <entry xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom'>
    <author><uri>alice@example.com</uri></author>
  </entry>
  XML

  # Define an xml mime type
  $me->data_type('application/atom+xml');

  print $me->dom->at('author > uri')->text;
  # alice@example.com

The Mojo::DOM object of the decoded data, in the case the MagicEnvelope contains XML.

This attribute is experimental and may change without warnings!

encoding

  my $encoding = $me->encoding;

The encoding of the MagicEnvelope. Defaults to base64url, which is the only encoding supported.

signature

  my $sig = $me->signature;
  my $sig = $me->signature('key-01');

A signature of the MagicEnvelope. For retrieving a specific signature, pass a key id, otherwise a default signature will be returned.

If a matching signature is found, the signature is returned as a hash reference, containing base64url encoded data for value and possibly a key_id. If no matching signature is found, a false value is returned.

signature_base

  my $base = $me->signature_base;

The signature base string of the MagicEnvelope.

signed

  # With key id
  if ($me->signed('key-01')) {
    print 'MagicEnvelope is signed with key-01.';
  }

  # Without key id
  elsif ($me->signed) {
    print 'MagicEnvelope is signed.';
  }

  else {
    print 'MagicEnvelope is not signed.';
  };

Returns a true value in case the MagicEnvelope is signed at least once. Accepts optionally a key_id and returns a true value, if the MagicEnvelope was signed with this specific key.

METHODS ^

new

  $me = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope->new(<<'MEXML');
  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
  <me:env xmlns:me="http://salmon-protocol.org/ns/magic-env">
    <me:data type="text/plain">
      U29tZSBhcmJpdHJhcnkgc3RyaW5nLg==
    </me:data>
    <me:encoding>base64url</me:encoding>
    <me:alg>RSA-SHA256</me:alg>
    <me:sig key_id="my-01">
      S1VqYVlIWFpuRGVTX3l4S09CcWdjRVFDYVluZkI5Ulh4dmRFSnFhQW5XUmpB
      UEJqZUM0b0lReER4d0IwWGVQZDhzWHAxN3oybWhpTk1vNHViNGNVOVE9PQ==
    </me:sig>
  </me:env>
  MEXML

The constructor accepts MagicEnvelope data in various formats. It accepts MagicEnvelopes in the XML format or an XML document including a MagicEnvelope provenance element.

Additionally it accepts MagicEnvelopes in the JSON notation or defined by the same attributes as the JSON notation (but with the data not encoded). The latter is the common way to fold new envelopes.

  $me = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope->new(<<'MEJSON');
  {
    "data_type": "text\/plain",
    "data":"U29tZSBhcmJpdHJhcnkgc3RyaW5nLg==",
    "alg":"RSA-SHA256",
    "encoding":"base64url",
    "sigs": [
      { "key_id": "my-01",
        "value":"S1VqYVlIWFpuRGVTX3l4S09CcWdjRV..."
      }
    ]
  }
  MEJSON

  $me = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope->new(
    data      => 'Some arbitrary string.',
    data_type => 'text/plain',
    alg       => 'RSA-SHA256',
    encoding  => 'base64url',
    sigs => [
      {
        key_id => 'my-01',
        value  => 'S1VqYVlIWFpuRGVTX3l4S09CcWdjRV...'
      }
    ]
  );

Finally the constructor accepts MagicEnvelopes in the compact notation.

  $me = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Envelope->new(<<'MECOMPACT');
    bXktMDE=.S1VqYVlIWFpuRGVTX3l4S09CcWdjRVFDYVlu
    ZkI5Ulh4dmRFSnFhQW5XUmpBUEJqZUM0b0lReER4d0IwW
    GVQZDhzWHAxN3oybWhpTk1vNHViNGNVOVE9PQ==.U29tZ
    SBhcmJpdHJhcnkgc3RyaW5nLg.dGV4dC9wbGFpbg.YmFz
    ZTY0dXJs.UlNBLVNIQTI1Ng
  MECOMPACT

sign

  $me->sign('key-01' => 'RSA.hgfrhvb ...')
     ->sign('RSA.hgfrhvb ...')
     ->sign('RSA.hgfrhvb ...', -data)
     ->sign('key-02' => 'RSA.hgfrhvb ...', -data);

  my $mkey = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key->new('RSA.hgfrhvb ...');
  $me->sign($mkey);

Adds a signature to the MagicEnvelope.

For adding a signature, the private key with an optional prepended key id has to be given. The private key can be a Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key object, a MagicKey in compact notation or a hash reference containing the non-generation parameters accepted by the Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key constructor. Optionally a flag -data can be passed, that will sign the data payload instead of the signature base string (this is implemented for compatibility with non-standard implementations).

On success, the method returns the MagicEnvelope, otherwise it returns a false value.

A MagicEnvelope can be signed multiple times.

This method is experimental and may change without warnings!

verify

  my $mkey = Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key->new( 'RSA.hgfrhvb ...' );

  $me->verify(
    'RSA.vsd...',
    $mkey,
    ['key-01' => 'RSA.hgfrhvb...', -data]
  );

Verifies a signed envelope against a bunch of given public MagicKeys. Returns a true value on success, otherwise false. If one key succeeds, the envelope is verified.

An element can be a Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key object, a MagicKey in compact notation or a hash reference containing the non-generation parameters accepted by the Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key constructor.

For referring to a certain key, an array reference can be passed, containing the key (defined as described above) with an optional prepended key id and an optional flag appended, referring to the data to be verified. Conforming with the specification the default value is -base, referring to the signature base string of the MagicEnvelope. -data will verify against the data only, -compatible will first try to verify against the base signature string and then will verify against the data on failure (this is implemented for compatibility with non-standard implementations).

This method is experimental and may change without warnings!

to_compact

  my $compact_string = $me->to_compact;

Returns the MagicEnvelope in compact notation.

to_json

  my $json_string = $me->to_json;

Returns the MagicEnvelope as a stringified JSON representation.

to_xml

  my $xml_string = $me->to_xml;
  my $xml_provenance_string = $me->to_xml(1);

Returns the MagicEnvelope as a stringified xml representation. If a true value is passed, a provenance fragment will be returned instead of a valid xml document.

DEPENDENCIES ^

Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key, Mojolicious. For speed improvements, see the recommendations in Crypt::MagicSignatures::Key.

KNOWN BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

The signing and verification is not guaranteed to be compatible with other implementations! Implementations like StatusNet (Identi.ca), MiniMe, and examples from the reference implementation are tested.

See the test suite for further information.

AVAILABILITY ^

  https://github.com/Akron/Crypt-MagicSignatures-Envelope

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) 2012-2014, Nils Diewald.

This program is free software, you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License version 2.0.

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