Allen Smith > Term-Prompt-0.11 > Term::Prompt

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Module Version: 0.11   Source   Latest Release: Term-Prompt-0.12

NAME ^

Term::Prompt - Perl extension for prompting a user for information

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Term::Prompt;
    $value = &prompt(...);

    use Term::Prompt qw(termwrap);

    print &termwrap(...);

    use Term::Prompt qw(get_width);

    $terminal_width = get_width();

DESCRIPTION ^

 This perl routine will take a prompt, a default response and a list of
 possible responses and deal with the user interface, (and the user!),
 by displaying the prompt, showing the default, and checking to be sure
 that the response is one of the legal choices.
 --Mark Henderson


 Derived from im_prompt2.pl, from anlpasswd (see
 ftp://info.mcs.anl.gov/pub/systems/), with permission. Revisions for Perl 5,
 addition of alternative help text presentation, addition of floating point
 type, addition of regular expression type, addition of yes/no type, and line
 wrapping by E. Allen Smith.

 Additional "types" that could be added would be a phone type,
 a social security type, a generic numeric pattern type...

 The usage is the following:
 x = don't care, a = alpha-only, n = numeric-only, i = ignore case
 c = case sensitive, r = ranged by the low and high values
 f = floating-point, y = yes/no, e = regular expression - Added by Allen

 $result = &prompt("x", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default" );

 $result = &prompt("a", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default" );

 $result = &prompt("n", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default" );

 The result will be a positive integer or 0.

 $result = &prompt("i", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default",
                         "legal_options-ignore-case-list");

 $result = &prompt("c", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default",
                         "legal_options-case-sensitive-list");

 $result = &prompt("r", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default",
                       "low", "high");

 $result = &prompt("f", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default");

 The result will be a floating-point number.

 $result = &prompt("y", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default")

 The result will be 1 for y, 0 for n. A default not starting with y or n
 (or the uc versions of these) will be treated as y for positive, n for
 negative.

 $result = &prompt("e", "text prompt", "help prompt", "default",
                       "regular expression");

 (The regular expression for the last has ^ and $ surrounding it automatically;
 just put in .* before or after if you need to free it up before or
 after.)

 What, you might ask, is the difference between a "text prompt" and a
 "help prompt"?  Think about the case where the "legal_options" look 
 something like: "1-1000".  Now consider what happens when you tell someone
 that "0" is not between 1-1000 and that the possible choices are:  :)
 1 2 3 4 5 .....
 This is what the "help prompt" is for.

 It will work off of unique parts of "legal_options".

 This will actually be treated as a true "help prompt" if you capitalize the
 type of prompt, and otherwise will be treated as a list of options.
 Capitalizing the type of prompt will also mean that a return may be
 accepted as a response, even if there is no default; whether it actually is
 will depend on the type of prompt. Menus, for example, do not - necessarily
 - do this. The logic of a return being accepted as a response is controlled
 by the I<accept_empty_selection> flag (although this defaults to "yes" if
 the prompt type is capitalized); see below.

 $result = &prompt("m", {
                         prompt           => "text prompt",
                         title            => 'My Silly Menu',
                         items            => [ qw (foo bar baz biff spork boof akak) ],
                         order            => 'across',
                         rows             => 1,
                         cols             => 1,
                         display_base     => 1,
                         return_base      => 0,
                         accept_multiple_selections => 0,
                         accept_empty_selection     => 0
                        },
                   "help prompt", "default");

 @results = &prompt("m", {
                          prompt           => "text prompt",
                          title            => 'My Silly Menu',
                          items            => [ qw (foo bar baz biff spork boof akak) ],
                          order            => 'across',
                          rows             => 1,
                          cols             => 1,
                          display_base     => 1,
                          return_base      => 0,
                          accept_multiple_selections => 0,
                          accept_empty_selection     => 0
                         },
                    "help prompt", "default");

This will create a menu with numbered items to select. You replace the normal prompt argument with a hash reference containing this information:

This will create a menu with numbered items to select. You replace the normal prompt argument with a hash reference containing this information:

prompt

The prompt string.

title

Text printed above the menu.

items

An array reference to the list of text items to display. They will be numbered ascending in the order presented.

order

If set to 'across', the item numbers run across the menu:

 1) foo    2) bar    3) baz
 4) biff   5) spork  6) boof
 7) akak

If set to 'down', the item numbers run down the menu:

 1) foo    4) biff   7) akak
 2) bar    5) spork
 3) baz    6) boof

'down' is the default.

rows,cols

Forces the number of rows and columns. Otherwise, the number of rows and columns is determined from the number of items and the maximum length of an item with its number.

Usually, you would set rows = 1 or cols = 1 to force a non-wrapped layout. Setting both in tandem is untested. Cavet programmer.

display_base,return_base

Internally, the items are indexed the 'Perl' way, from 0 to scalar -1. The display_base is the number added to the index on the menu display. The return_base is the number added to the index before the reply is returned to the programmer.

The defaults are 1 and 0, respectively.

accept_multiple_selections

When set to logical true (1 will suffice), more than one menu item may be selected. The return from prompt() will be an array or array ref, depending on how it is called.

The default is 0. The return value is a single scalar containing the selection.

accept_empty_selection

When set to logical true (1 will suffice), if no items are selected, the menu will not be repeated and the 'empty' selection will be returned. The value of an 'empty' selection is an empty array or a reference to same, if accept_multiple_selections is in effect, or undef if not.

Other Functions

Part of Term::Prompt is the optionally exported function termwrap, which is used to wrap lines to the width of the currently selected filehandle (or to STDOUT or STDERR if the width of the current filehandle cannot be determined). It uses the GetTerminalSize function from Term::ReadKey then Text::Wrap. The get_width function used internally by it is likewise available for optional export; it defaults to the current value of Text::Wrap::columns if the width cannot be determined.

AUTHOR ^

Mark Henderson (henderson@mcs.anl.gov or systems@mcs.anl.gov)

Primary contact author: Allen Smith (easmith@beatrice.rutgers.edu)

Menu additions by Matthew O. Persico (persicom@acedsl.com)

SEE ALSO ^

perl, Term::ReadKey, and Text::Wrap.

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