Andrew Maltsev > Spreadsheet-Write-0.03 > Spreadsheet::Write



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Module Version: 0.03   Source  


Spreadsheet::Write - Simplified writer for CSV or XLS (MS Excel) files


    # EXCEL spreadsheet

    use Spreadsheet::Write;

    my $h=Spreadsheet::Write->new(
        file    => 'spreadsheet.xls',
        format  => 'xls',
        sheet   => 'Products',
        styles  => {
            money   => '($#,##0_);($#,##0)',

        content         => 'bar',
        type            => 'number',
        style           => 'money',
        font_weight     => 'bold',
        font_color      => 42,
        font_face       => 'Times New Roman',
        font_size       => 20,
        align           => 'center',
        valign          => 'vcenter',
        font_decoration => 'strikeout',
        font_style      => 'italic',

    # CSV file

    use Spreadsheet::Write;

    my $h=Spreadsheet::Write->new(
        file        => 'file.csv',
        encoding    => 'iso8859',
    die $h->error() if $h->error;


Spreadsheet::Write writes files in CSV or XLS (Microsoft Excel) formats. It is especially suitable for building various dumps and reports where rows are built in sequence, one after another.



    $spreadsheet = Spreadsheet::Write->new(
        file            => 'table.xls',
        styles          => {
            mynumber        => '#,##0.00',

Creates a new spreadsheet object. It takes a list of options. The following are valid:

    file        filename of the new spreadsheet (mandatory)
    encoding    encoding of output file (optional, csv format only)
    format      format of spreadsheet - 'csv', 'xls', or 'auto' (default).
    sheet       Sheet name (optional, xls format only)
    styles      Defines cell formatting shortcuts (optional)

If file format is 'auto' (or omitted), the format is guessed from the filename extention. If impossible to guess the format defaults to 'csv'.


Adds a row into the spreadsheet. Takes arbitrary number of arguments. Arguments represent column values and may be strings or hash references. If an argument is a hash reference, additional optional parameters may be passed:

    content         value to put into column
    style           formatting style, as defined in new()
    type            type of the content (defaults to 'auto')
    format          number format (see Spreadsheet::WriteExcel for details)
    font_weight     weight of font. Only valid value is 'bold'
    font_style      style of font. Only valid value is 'italic'
    font_decoration 'underline' or 'strikeout'
    font_face       font of column; default is 'Arial'
    font_color      color of font (see Spreadsheet::WriteExcel for color values)
    font_size       size of font
    align           alignment
    valign          vertical alignment
    width           column width, excel units (only makes sense once per column)

Styles can be used to assign default values for any of these formatting parameters thus allowing easy global changes. Other parameters specified override style definitions.


    my $sp=Spreadsheet::Write->new(
        file        => 'employees.xls',
        styles      => {
            header => { font_weight => 'bold' },
        { content => 'First Name', font_weight => 'bold' },
        { content => 'Last Name', font_weight => 'bold' },
        { content => 'Age', style => 'header' },

Note that in this example all header cells will have identical formatting even though some use direct formats and one uses style.

If you want to store text that looks like a number you might want to use { type => 'string', format => '@' } arguments. By default the type detection is automatic, as done by for instance Spreadsheet::WriteExcel write() method.

It is also possible to supply an array reference in the 'content' parameter of the extended format. It means to use the same formatting for as many cells as there are elements in this array. Useful for creating header rows. For instance, the above example can be rewritten as:

        { style => 'header',
          content => [ 'First Name','Last Name','Age' ],

For CSV format all extra arguments are safely ignored.


Adds a new sheet into the document and makes it active. Subsequent addrow() calls will add rows to that new sheet.

For CSV format this call is NOT ignored, but produces a fatal error currently.

freeze($row, $col, $top_row, $left_col))

Sets a freeze-pane at the given position, equivalent to Spreadsheet::WriteExcel->freeze_panes(). Ignored for CSV files.


Nick Eremeev <>

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