Andrew Fresh > Palm-Keyring-0.96_07 > Palm::Keyring

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Module Version: 0.96_07   Source  

NAME ^

Palm::Keyring - Handler for Palm Keyring databases.

DESCRIPTION ^

The Keyring PDB handler is a helper class for the Palm::PDB package. It parses Keyring for Palm OS databases. See http://gnukeyring.sourceforge.net/.

It has the standard Palm::PDB methods with 4 additional public methods. Unlock, Lock, Decrypt and Encrypt.

It currently supports the v4 Keyring databases as well as the pre-release v5 databases.

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Palm::PDB;
    use Palm::Keyring;
    
    my $pass = 'password';
    my $file = 'Keys-Gtkr.pdb';
    my $pdb  = new Palm::PDB;
    $pdb->Load($file);
    
    $pdb->Unlock($pass);
    foreach my $rec (@{ $pdb->{records} }) {
        print $rec->{plaintext}->{0}->{data}, ' - ', 
              $rec->{plaintext}->{1}->{data}, "\n";
    }
    $pdb->Lock();

SUBROUTINES/METHODS ^

new

    $pdb = new Palm::Keyring([$password[, $version]]);

Create a new PDB, initialized with the various Palm::Keyring fields and an empty record list.

Use this method if you're creating a Keyring PDB from scratch otherwise you can just use Palm::PDB::new() before calling Load().

If you pass in a password, it will initalize the database with the encrypted password.

new() now also takes options in other formats

    $pdb = new Palm::Keyring({ key1 => value1,  key2 => value2 });
    $pdb = new Palm::Keyring( -key1 => value1, -key2 => value2);
Supported options
password

The password used to initialize the database

version

The version of database to create. Accepts either 4 or 5. Currently defaults to 4.

cipher

The cipher to use. Either the number or the name. Only used by v5 datbases.

    0 => None
    1 => DES_EDE3
    2 => AES128
    3 => AES256
iterations

The number of iterations to encrypt with. Only used by somy crypts in v5 databases.

For v5 databases there are some additional appinfo fields set. These are set either on new() or Load().

    $pdb->{appinfo} = {
        # normal appinfo stuff described in L<Palm::StdAppInfo>
        cipher     => The index number of the cipher being used
        iter       => Number of iterations for the cipher
    };

crypts

Pass in the alias of the crypt to use, or the index.

These only make sense for v5 databases.

This is a function, not a method.

$cipher can be 0, 1, 2, 3, None, DES_EDE3, AES128 or AES256.

    my $c = Palm::Keyring::crypt($cipher);

$c is now:

    $c = {
        alias     => (None|DES_EDE3|AES128|AES256),
        name      => (None|DES_EDE3|Rijndael),
        keylen    => <key length of the cipher>,
        blocksize => <block size of the cipher>,
        default_iter => <default iterations for the cipher>,
    };

If it is unable to find the crypt it will return undef.

labels

Pass in the id or the name of the label. The label id is used as a key to the different parts of the records. See Encrypt() for details on where the label is used.

This is a function, not a method.

    my $l = Palm::Keyring::labels($label);

$l is now:

    $l = {
        id => 0,
        name => 'name',
    };

If what you passed in was a number that doesn't have a name, it will return:

    $l => {
        id => $num_passed_in,
        name => undef,
    }

If you pass in a name that it can't find, then it returns undef.

Encrypt

!!! IMPORTANT !!! The order of the arguments to Encrypt has changed. $password and $plaintext used to be swapped. They changed because you can now set $rec->{plaintext} and not pass in $plaintext so $password is more important.

    $pdb->Encrypt($rec[, $password[, $plaintext[, $ivec]]]);

Encrypts an account into a record, either with the password previously used, or with a password that is passed.

$ivec is the initialization vector to use to encrypt the record. This is not used by v4 databases. Normally this is not passed and is generated randomly.

$rec is a record from $pdb->{records} or a new_Record(). $rec->{plaintext} is a hashref in the format below.

    $plaintext = {
        0 => {
            label    => 'name',
            label_id => 0,
            font     => 0,
            data     => $name,
        1 => {
            label    => 'account',
            label_id => 1,
            font     => 0,
            data     => $account,
        },
        2 => {
            label    => 'password',
            label_id => 2,
            font     => 0,
            data     => $password,
        },
        3 => {
            label    => 'lastchange',
            label_id => 3,
            font     => 0,
            data     => {
                year => $year, # usually the year - 1900
                mon  => $mon,  # range 0-11
                day  => $day,  # range 1-31
            },
        },
        255 => {
            label    => 'notes',
            label_id => 255,
            font     => 0,
            data     => $notes,
        },
    };

The account name is stored in $rec->{plaintext}->{0}->{data} for both v4 and v5 databases even when the record has not been Decrypt()ed.

    $rec->{plaintext}->{0} => {
        label    => 'name',
        label_id => 0,
        font     => 0,
        data     => 'account name',
    };

If you have changed anything other than the lastchange, or don't pass in a lastchange key, Encrypt() will generate a new lastchange date for you.

If you pass in a lastchange field that is different than the one in the record, it will honor what you passed in.

You can either set $rec->{plaintext} or pass in $plaintext. $plaintext is used over anything in $rec->{plaintext}.

Decrypt

    my $plaintext = $pdb->Decrypt($rec[, $password]);

Decrypts the record and returns a reference for the plaintext account as described under Encrypt(). Also sets $rec->{plaintext} with the same information as $plaintext as described in Encrypt().

    foreach my $rec (@{ $pdb->{records} }) {
        my $plaintext = $pdb->Decrypt($rec);
        # do something with $plaintext
    }

Password

    $pdb->Password([$password[, $new_password]]);

Either sets the password to be used to crypt, or if you pass $new_password, changes the password on the database.

If you have created a new $pdb, and you didn't set a password when you called new(), you only need to pass one password and it will set that as the password.

If nothing is passed, it forgets the password that it was remembering.

After a successful password verification the following fields are set

For v4

    $pdb->{digest}   = the calculated digest used from the key;
    $pdb->{password} = the password that was passed in;
    $pdb->{encpassword} = the password as stored in the pdb;

For v5

    $pdb->{appinfo} = {
        # As described under new() with these additional fields
        cipher     => The index number of the cipher being used
        iter       => Number of iterations for the cipher
        key        => The key that is calculated from the password 
                      and salt and is used to decrypt the records.
        masterhash => the hash of the key that is stored in the 
                      database.  Either set when Loading the database
                      or when setting a new password.
        salt       => the salt that is either read out of the database 
                      or calculated when setting a new password.
    };

Unlock

    $pdb->Unlock([$password]);

Decrypts all the records. Sets $rec->{plaintext} for all records.

This makes it easy to show all decrypted information.

   my $pdb = Palm::KeyRing->new();
   $pdb->Load($keyring_file);
   $pdb->Unlock($password);
   foreach my $plaintext (map { $_->{plaintext} } @{ $pdb->{records} }) {
       # Do something like display the account.
   }
   $pdb->Lock();

Lock

    $pdb->Lock();

Unsets $rec->{plaintext} for all records and unsets the saved password.

This does NOT Encrypt() any of the records before clearing them, so if you are not careful you will lose information.

CAVEAT! This only does "delete $rec->{plaintext}" and the same for the password. If someone knows of a cross platform reliable way to make sure that the information is actually cleared from memory I would appreciate it. Also, if someone knows how to make sure that the stuff in $rec->{plaintext} is not written to swap, that would be very handy as well.

Other overridden subroutines/methods

ParseAppInfoBlock

Converts the extra returned by Palm::StdAppInfo::ParseAppInfoBlock() into the following additions to $pdb->{appinfo}

    $pdb->{appinfo} = {
        cipher     => The index number of the cipher being used (Not v4)
        iter       => Number of iterations for the cipher (Not v4)
    };
PackAppInfoBlock

Reverses ParseAppInfoBlock before sending it on to Palm::StdAppInfo::PackAppInfoBlock()

ParseRecord

Adds some fields to a record from Palm::StdAppInfo::ParseRecord()

    $rec = {
        name       => Account name
        ivec       => The IV for the encrypted record.  (Not v4)
        encrypted  => the encrypted information
    };

For v4 databases it also removes record 0 and moves the encrypted password to $self->{encpassword}.

PackRecord

Reverses ParseRecord and then sends it through Palm::StdAppInfo::PackRecord()

Write

For v4 databases it puts back the record 0 for the encrypted password before writing it.

DEPENDENCIES ^

Palm::StdAppInfo

For v4 databases

Digest::MD5

Crypt::DES

For v5 databases

Digest::HMAC_SHA1

Digest::SHA1

Depending on how the database is encrypted

Crypt::CBC - For any encryption but None

Crypt::DES_EDE3 - DES_EDE3 encryption

Crytp::Rijndael - AES encryption schemes

THANKS ^

I would like to thank the helpful Perlmonk shigetsu who gave me some great advice and helped me get my first module posted. http://perlmonks.org/?node_id=596998

I would also like to thank Johan Vromans <jvromans@squirrel.nl> -- http://www.squirrel.nl/people/jvromans. He had his own Palm::KeyRing module that he posted a couple of days before mine was ready and he was kind enough to let me have the namespace as well as giving me some very helpful hints about doing a few things that I was unsure of. He is really great.

And finally, thanks to Jochen Hoenicke <hoenicke@gmail.com> (one of the authors of Palm Keyring) for getting me started on the v5 support as well as providing help and some subroutines.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

I am sure there are problems with this module. For example, I have not done very extensive testing of the v5 databases.

I am not sure I am 'require module' the best way, but I don't want to depend on modules that you don't need to use.

The date validation for packing new dates is very poor.

I have not gone through and standardized on how the module fails. Some things fail with croak, some return undef, some may even fail silently. Nothing initializes a lasterr method or anything like that.

This module does not do anything special with the plaintext data. It SHOULD treat it somehow special so that it can't be found in RAM or in a swap file anywhere. I don't have a clue how to do this.

I need to fix all this before it is a 1.0 candidate.

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-palm-keyring at rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.

AUTHOR ^

Andrew Fresh <andrew@cpan.org>

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 Andrew Fresh, All Rights Reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO ^

Palm::PDB(3)

Palm::StdAppInfo(3)

The Keyring for Palm OS website: http://gnukeyring.sourceforge.net/

The HACKING guide for palm keyring databases: http://gnukeyring.cvs.sourceforge.net/*checkout*/gnukeyring/keyring/HACKING

Johan Vromans also has a wxkeyring app that now uses this module, available from his website at http://www.vromans.org/johan/software/sw_palmkeyring.html

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