Apocalypse > POE-Component-Server-SimpleHTTP-1.13 > POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP

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Module Version: 1.13   Source   Latest Release: POE-Component-Server-SimpleHTTP-2.18

NAME ^

POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP - Perl extension to serve HTTP requests in POE.

SYNOPSIS ^

        use POE;
        use POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP;

        # Start the server!
        POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP->new(
                'ALIAS'         =>      'HTTPD',
                'ADDRESS'       =>      '192.168.1.1',
                'PORT'          =>      11111,
                'HOSTNAME'      =>      'MySite.com',
                'HANDLERS'      =>      [
                        {
                                'DIR'           =>      '^/bar/.*',
                                'SESSION'       =>      'HTTP_GET',
                                'EVENT'         =>      'GOT_BAR',
                        },
                        {
                                'DIR'           =>      '^/$',
                                'SESSION'       =>      'HTTP_GET',
                                'EVENT'         =>      'GOT_MAIN',
                        },
                        {
                                'DIR'           =>      '^/foo/.*',
                                'SESSION'       =>      'HTTP_GET',
                                'EVENT'         =>      'GOT_NULL',
                        },
                        {
                                'DIR'           =>      '.*',
                                'SESSION'       =>      'HTTP_GET',
                                'EVENT'         =>      'GOT_ERROR',
                        },
                ],

                # In the testing phase...
                'SSLKEYCERT'    =>      [ 'public-key.pem', 'public-cert.pem' ],
        ) or die 'Unable to create the HTTP Server';

        # Create our own session to receive events from SimpleHTTP
        POE::Session->create(
                inline_states => {
                        '_start'        =>      sub {   $_[KERNEL]->alias_set( 'HTTP_GET' );
                                                        $_[KERNEL]->post( 'HTTPD', 'GETHANDLERS', $_[SESSION], 'GOT_HANDLERS' );
                                                },

                        'GOT_BAR'       =>      \&GOT_REQ,
                        'GOT_MAIN'      =>      \&GOT_REQ,
                        'GOT_ERROR'     =>      \&GOT_ERR,
                        'GOT_NULL'      =>      \&GOT_NULL,
                        'GOT_HANDLERS'  =>      \&GOT_HANDLERS,
                },
        );

        # Start POE!
        POE::Kernel->run();

        sub GOT_HANDLERS {
                # ARG0 = HANDLERS array
                my $handlers = $_[ ARG0 ];

                # Move the first handler to the last one
                push( @$handlers, shift( @$handlers ) );

                # Send it off!
                $_[KERNEL]->post( 'HTTPD', 'SETHANDLERS', $handlers );
        }

        sub GOT_NULL {
                # ARG0 = HTTP::Request object, ARG1 = HTTP::Response object, ARG2 = the DIR that matched
                my( $request, $response, $dirmatch ) = @_[ ARG0 .. ARG2 ];

                # Kill this!
                $_[KERNEL]->post( 'HTTPD', 'CLOSE', $response );
        }

        sub GOT_REQ {
                # ARG0 = HTTP::Request object, ARG1 = HTTP::Response object, ARG2 = the DIR that matched
                my( $request, $response, $dirmatch ) = @_[ ARG0 .. ARG2 ];

                # Do our stuff to HTTP::Response
                $response->code( 200 );
                $response->content( 'Some funky HTML here' );

                # We are done!
                # For speed, you could use $_[KERNEL]->call( ... )
                $_[KERNEL]->post( 'HTTPD', 'DONE', $response );
        }

        sub GOT_ERR {
                # ARG0 = HTTP::Request object, ARG1 = HTTP::Response object, ARG2 = the DIR that matched
                my( $request, $response, $dirmatch ) = @_[ ARG0 .. ARG2 ];

                # Check for errors
                if ( ! defined $request ) {
                        $_[KERNEL]->post( 'HTTPD', 'DONE', $response );
                        return;
                }

                # Do our stuff to HTTP::Response
                $response->code( 404 );
                $response->content( "Hi visitor from " . $response->connection->remote_ip . ", Page not found -> '" . $request->uri->path . "'" );

                # We are done!
                # For speed, you could use $_[KERNEL]->call( ... )
                $_[KERNEL]->post( 'HTTPD', 'DONE', $response );
        }

ABSTRACT ^

        An easy to use HTTP daemon for POE-enabled programs

DESCRIPTION ^

This module makes serving up HTTP requests a breeze in POE.

The hardest thing to understand in this module is the HANDLERS. That's it!

The standard way to use this module is to do this:

        use POE;
        use POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP;

        POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP->new( ... );

        POE::Session->create( ... );

        POE::Kernel->run();

Starting SimpleHTTP

To start SimpleHTTP, just call it's new method:

        POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP->new(
                'ALIAS'         =>      'HTTPD',
                'ADDRESS'       =>      '192.168.1.1',
                'PORT'          =>      11111,
                'HOSTNAME'      =>      'MySite.com',
                'HEADERS'       =>      {},
                'HANDLERS'      =>      [ ],
        );

This method will die on error or return success.

This constructor accepts only 7 options.

ALIAS

This will set the alias SimpleHTTP uses in the POE Kernel. This will default to "SimpleHTTP"

ADDRESS

This value will be passed to POE::Component::Server::TCP to bind to.

PORT

This value will be passed to POE::Component::Server::TCP to bind to.

HOSTNAME

This value is for the HTTP::Request's URI to point to. If this is not supplied, SimpleHTTP will use Sys::Hostname to find it.

HEADERS

This should be a hashref, that will become the default headers on all HTTP::Response objects. You can override this in individual requests by setting it via $request->header( ... )

For more information, consult the HTTP::Headers module.

HANDLERS

This is the hardest part of SimpleHTTP :)

You supply an array, with each element being a hash. All the hashes should contain those 3 keys:

DIR -> The regexp that will be used, more later.

SESSION -> The session to send the input

EVENT -> The event to trigger

The DIR key should be a valid regexp. This will be matched against the current request path. Pseudocode is: if ( $path =~ /$DIR/ )

NOTE: The path is UNIX style, not MSWIN style ( /blah/foo not \blah\foo )

Now, if you supply 100 handlers, how will SimpleHTTP know what to do? Simple! By passing in an array in the first place, you have already told SimpleHTTP the order of your handlers. They will be tried in order, and if a match is not found, SimpleHTTP will DIE!

This allows some cool things like specifying 3 handlers with DIR of: '^/foo/.*', '^/$', '.*'

Now, if the request is not in /foo or not root, your 3rd handler will catch it, becoming the "404 not found" handler!

NOTE: You might get weird Session/Events, make sure your handlers are in order, for example: '^/', '^/foo/.*' The 2nd handler will NEVER get any requests, as the first one will match ( no $ in the regex )

Now, here's what a handler receives:

ARG0 -> HTTP::Request object

ARG1 -> POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP::Response object

ARG2 -> The exact DIR that matched, so you can see what triggered what

NOTE: If ARG0 is undef, that means POE::Filter::HTTPD encountered an error parsing the client request, simply modify the HTTP::Response object and send some sort of generic error. SimpleHTTP will set the path used in matching the DIR regexes to an empty string, so if there is a "catch-all" DIR regex like '.*', it will catch the errors, and only that one.

NOTE: The only way SimpleHTTP will leak memory ( hopefully heh ) is if you discard the SimpleHTTP::Response object without sending it back to SimpleHTTP via the DONE/CLOSE events, so never do that!

SSLKEYCERT

This should be an arrayref of only 2 elements - the public key and certificate location. Now, this is still in the experimental stage, and testing is greatly welcome!

Again, this will automatically turn every incoming connection into a SSL socket. Once enough testing has been done, this option will be augmented with more SSL stuff!

Events

SimpleHTTP is so simple, there are only 7 events available.

DONE
        This event accepts only one argument: the HTTP::Response object we sent to the handler.

        Calling this event implies that this particular request is done, and will proceed to close the socket.

        NOTE: This method automatically sets those 3 headers if they are not already set:
                Date            ->      Current date stringified via HTTP::Date->time2str
                Content-Type    ->      text/html
                Content-Length  ->      length( $response->content )

        To get greater throughput and response time, do not post() to the DONE event, call() it!
        However, this will force your program to block while servicing web requests...
CLOSE
        This event accepts only one argument: the HTTP::Response object we sent to the handler.

        Calling this event will close the socket, not sending any output
GETHANDLERS
        This event accepts 2 arguments: The session + event to send the response to

        This event will send back the current HANDLERS array ( deep-cloned via Storable::dclone )

        The resulting array can be played around to your tastes, then once you are done...
SETHANDLERS
        This event accepts only one argument: pointer to HANDLERS array

        BEWARE: if there is an error in the HANDLERS, SimpleHTTP will die!
STARTLISTEN
        Starts the listening socket, if it was shut down
STOPLISTEN
        Simply a wrapper for SHUTDOWN GRACEFUL, but will not shutdown SimpleHTTP if there is no more requests
SHUTDOWN
        Without arguments, SimpleHTTP does this:
                Close the listening socket
                Kills all pending requests by closing their sockets
                Removes it's alias

        With an argument of 'GRACEFUL', SimpleHTTP does this:
                Close the listening socket
                Waits for all pending requests to come in via DONE/CLOSE, then removes it's alias

SimpleHTTP Notes

This module is very picky about capitalization!

All of the options are uppercase, to avoid confusion.

You can enable debugging mode by doing this:

        sub POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP::DEBUG () { 1 }
        use POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP;

Also, this module will try to keep the Listening socket alive. if it dies, it will open it again for a max of 5 retries.

You can override this behavior by doing this:

        sub POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP::MAX_RETRIES () { 10 }
        use POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP;

For those who are pondering about basic-authentication, here's a tiny snippet to put in the Event handler

        # Contributed by Rocco Caputo
        sub Got_Request {
                # ARG0 = HTTP::Request, ARG1 = HTTP::Response
                my( $request, $response ) = @_[ ARG0, ARG1 ];

                # Get the login
                my ( $login, $password ) = $request->authorization_basic();

                # Decide what to do
                if ( ! defined $login or ! defined $password ) {
                        # Set the authorization
                        $response->header( 'WWW-Authenticate' => 'Basic realm="MyRealm"' );
                        $response->code( 401 );
                        $response->content( 'FORBIDDEN.' );

                        # Send it off!
                        $_[KERNEL]->post( 'SimpleHTTP', 'DONE', $response );
                } else {
                        # Authenticate the user and move on
                }
        }

EXPORT

Nothing.

SEE ALSO ^

        L<POE>

        L<POE::Filter::HTTPD>

        L<HTTP::Request>

        L<HTTP::Response>

        L<POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP::Connection>

        L<POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP::Response>

        L<POE::Component::Server::SimpleHTTP::PreFork>

        L<POE::Component::SSLify>

AUTHOR ^

Apocalypse <apocal@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright 2006 by Apocalypse

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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