Stephanie Wehner > NetPacket-0.04 > NetPacket

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NAME ^

NetPacket - modules to assemble/disassemble network packets at the protocol level.

SYNOPSIS ^

    # NetPacket is a base class only

DESCRIPTION ^

NetPacket provides a base class for a cluster of modules related to decoding and encoding of network protocols. Each NetPacket descendent module knows how to encode and decode packets for the network protocol it implements. Consult the documentation for the module in question for protocol-specific implementation.

Note that there is no inheritance in the NetPacket:: cluster of modules other than each protocol module being a NetPacket. This was seen to be too restrictive as imposing inheritance relationships (for example between the IP, UDP and TCP protocols) would make things like tunneling or other unusual situations difficult.

WRITING YOUR OWN NetPacket:: MODULE ^

You are encouraged to write additional NetPacket:: modules as well as improve existing ones. Contact the maintainer of the module in question with your suggestions or changes.

The following sections are a list of suggestions and conventions for writing a NetPacket:: module.

Naming Conventions

When creating a module in the NetPacket:: namespace, it is suggested that you stick to a couple of conventions when naming packet contents. This will hopefully lead to a consistent namespace making the NetPacket:: easier to use.

Content names are all lowercase, with underscores separating multiple words. The following abbreviations are recommended:

            Word                Abbreviation
            --------------------------------
            source              src
            destination         dest
            checksum            cksum
            identifier          id
            version             ver
            protocol            proto          

Required Methods

encode(), decode(), strip()

Required Fields

Every NetPacket:: object should have the following fields.

_parent

A link to the parent NetPacket:: object in which this NetPacket:: object is encaulated. This field is undefined if there is no parent object.

_frame

A copy of the raw data of the packet.

data

This field should contain the data encapsulated in the packet (i.e any headers or trailers stripped off) or undef if the packet contains no data. Note that in this sense, "data" is taken to mean information not relevant to the particular protocol being decoded. For example, an ARP packet contains many header fields but no data. A UDP datagram, however contains header fields and a payload.

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COPYRIGHT ^

  Copyright (c) 2001 Tim Potter.

  This package is free software and is provided "as is" without express 
  or implied warranty.  It may be used, redistributed and/or modified 
  under the terms of the Perl Artistic License (see
  http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html)

  Copyright (c) 1995,1996,1997,1998,1999 ANU and CSIRO on behalf of 
  the participants in the CRC for Advanced Computational Systems
  ('ACSys').

  ACSys makes this software and all associated data and documentation
  ('Software') available free of charge.  You may make copies of the 
  Software but you must include all of this notice on any copy.

  The Software was developed for research purposes and ACSys does not
  warrant that it is error free or fit for any purpose.  ACSys
  disclaims any liability for all claims, expenses, losses, damages
  and costs any user may incur as a result of using, copying or
  modifying the Software.

AUTHOR ^

Tim Potter <tpot@samba.org>

Stephanie Wehner <atrak@itsx.com>

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