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Module Version: 0.54   Source   Latest Release: Module-ScanDeps-1.13

NAME ^

Module::ScanDeps - Recursively scan Perl code for dependencies

VERSION ^

This document describes version 0.54 of Module::ScanDeps, released January 11, 2005.

SYNOPSIS ^

Via the command-line program scandeps.pl:

    % scandeps.pl *.pm          # Print PREREQ_PM section for *.pm
    % scandeps.pl -e "use utf8" # Read script from command line
    % scandeps.pl -B *.pm       # Include core modules
    % scandeps.pl -V *.pm       # Show autoload/shared/data files

Used in a program;

    use Module::ScanDeps;

    # standard usage
    my $hash_ref = scan_deps(
        files   => [ 'a.pl', 'b.pl' ],
        recurse => 1,
    );

    # shorthand; assume recurse == 1
    my $hash_ref = scan_deps( 'a.pl', 'b.pl' );

    # App::Packer::Frontend compatible interface
    # see App::Packer::Frontend for the structure returned by get_files
    my $scan = Module::ScanDeps->new;
    $scan->set_file( 'a.pl' );
    $scan->set_options( add_modules => [ 'Test::More' ] );
    $scan->calculate_info;
    my $files = $scan->get_files;

DESCRIPTION ^

This module scans potential modules used by perl programs, and returns a hash reference; its keys are the module names as appears in %INC (e.g. Test/More.pm); the values are hash references with this structure:

    {
        file    => '/usr/local/lib/perl5/5.8.0/Test/More.pm',
        key     => 'Test/More.pm',
        type    => 'module',    # or 'autoload', 'data', 'shared'
        used_by => [ 'Test/Simple.pm', ... ],
    }

One function, scan_deps, is exported by default. Three other functions (scan_line, scan_chunk, add_deps) are exported upon request.

Users of App::Packer may also use this module as the dependency-checking frontend, by tweaking their p2e.pl like below:

    use Module::ScanDeps;
    ...
    my $packer = App::Packer->new( frontend => 'Module::ScanDeps' );
    ...

Please see App::Packer::Frontend for detailed explanation on the structure returned by get_files.

scan_deps

    $rv_ref = scan_deps(
        files   => \@files,     recurse => $recurse,
        rv      => \%rv,        skip    => \%skip,
        compile => $compile,    execute => $execute,
    );
    $rv_ref = scan_deps(@files); # shorthand, with recurse => 1

This function scans each file in @files, registering their dependencies into %rv, and returns a reference to the updated %rv. The meaning of keys and values are explained above.

If $recurse is true, scan_deps will call itself recursively, to perform a breadth-first search on text files (as defined by the -T operator) found in %rv.

If the \%skip is specified, files that exists as its keys are skipped. This is used internally to avoid infinite recursion.

If $compile or $execute is true, runs files in either compile-only or normal mode, then inspects their %INC after termination to determine additional runtime dependencies.

If $execute is an array reference, runs the files contained in it instead of @files.

scan_deps_runtime

Like scan_deps, but skips the static scanning part.

scan_line

    @modules = scan_line($line);

Splits a line into chunks (currently with the semicolon characters), and return the union of scan_chunk calls of them.

If the line is __END__ or __DATA__, a single __END__ element is returned to signify the end of the program.

Similarly, it returns a single __POD__ if the line matches /^=\w/; the caller is responsible for skipping appropriate number of lines until =cut, before calling scan_line again.

scan_chunk

    $module = scan_chunk($chunk);
    @modules = scan_chunk($chunk);

Apply various heuristics to $chunk to find and return the module name(s) it contains. In scalar context, returns only the first module or undef.

add_deps

    $rv_ref = add_deps( rv => \%rv, modules => \@modules );
    $rv_ref = add_deps( @modules ); # shorthand, without rv

Resolves a list of module names to its actual on-disk location, by finding in @INC; modules that cannot be found are skipped.

This function populates the %rv hash with module/filename pairs, and returns a reference to it.

CAVEATS ^

This module intentially ignores the BSDPAN hack on FreeBSD -- the additional directory is removed from @INC altogether.

The static-scanning heuristic is not likely to be 100% accurate, especially on modules that dynamically load other modules.

Chunks that span multiple lines are not handled correctly. For example, this one works:

    use base 'Foo::Bar';

But this one does not:

    use base
        'Foo::Bar';

SEE ALSO ^

scandeps.pl is a bundled utility that writes PREREQ_PM section for a number of files.

An application of Module::ScanDeps is to generate executables from scripts that contains prerequisite modules; this module supports two such projects, PAR and App::Packer. Please see their respective documentations on CPAN for further information.

AUTHORS ^

Audrey Tang <autrijus@autrijus.org>

Parts of heuristics were deduced from:

The scan_deps_runtime function is contributed by Edward S. Peschko.

http://par.perl.org/ is the official website for this module. You can write to the mailing list at <par@perl.org>, or send an empty mail to <par-subscribe@perl.org> to participate in the discussion.

Please submit bug reports to <bug-Module-ScanDeps@rt.cpan.org>.

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 by Audrey Tang <autrijus@autrijus.org>.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

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