Dai Okabayashi > App-YG-0.04 > yg

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NAME ^

yg - log line filter, like \G of MySQL

SYNOPSIS ^

    $ yg [options] FILE ...

    or

    $ cat apache_log | yg [option]

    options:
        -p,  --parser         parser(default: apache-combined)
        -d,  --delimiter      the delimiter of log line(default: tab)
                              NOTE: if you set options -p and -d, it will use -d, -p option is ignored
        -n,  --number         if you specify delimiter and -n, then show number points
        -m,  --match          show log lines only if a keyword matches
        -re, --regexp         show log lines only if regular expression matches
        -i,  --ignore-case    regexp option: ignore case distinctions
        -r,  --raw            also show raw log lines
        -t,  --through        ignore yg command, output only raw log lines
             --digest         show digest of raw log string

        -h,  --help           show this help message
        -V,  --version        show version

EXAMPLES ^

parse Apache Combined logs, show logs vertically with labels of element

    $ yg apache_commbined_log

parse Apache Error logs, show logs vertically with labels of element

    $ yg -p apache-error apache_error_log

parse TAB-delimited logs, show logs vertically

    $ yg -d tab_delimited_log

parse TAB-delimited logs, show logs vertically with number labels

    $ yg -d -n tab_delimited_log

parse SPACE-delimited logs, show logs vertically

    $ yg -d space space_delimited_log

tailed log

    $ tail -f apache_commbined_log | yg

DESCRIPTION ^

yg is a log viewer(filter) to show log lines vertically.

When you check apache logs, I guess you do like this

    $ cat apache_log
    127.0.0.1 - - [30/Sep/2012:12:34:56 +0900] "GET /foo HTTP/1.0" 200 123 "http://example.com/foo" "Mozilla/5.0"
    127.0.0.1 - - [30/Sep/2012:12:34:57 +0900] "GET /bar HTTP/1.0" 301 124 "http://example.com/bar" "Mozilla/5.1"

If you use yg, log lines are showed like below:

    $ yg apache_log
    ******************** 1 ********************
         Host: 127.0.0.1
        Ident: -
     Authuser: -
         Date: 30/Sep/2012:12:34:56 +0900
      Request: GET /foo HTTP/1.0
       Status: 200
        Bytes: 123
      Referer: http://example.com/foo
    UserAgent: Mozilla/5.0

    ******************** 2 ********************
         Host: 127.0.0.1
        Ident: -
     Authuser: -
         Date: 30/Sep/2012:12:34:57 +0900
      Request: GET /bar HTTP/1.0
       Status: 200
        Bytes: 124
      Referer: http://example.com/bar
    UserAgent: Mozilla/5.1

easier for understanding.

Of course, yg can work for like below.

    $ cat apache_log | yg

yg command supports few formats of log. And you can write custom parser of App::YG.

PARSERS

Above sample uses App::YG::Apache::Combined. It is default parser. If you want to view other format logs, you should specify --parser option.

    $ cat apache-error-log | yg --parser apache-error

Then yg uses App::YG::Apache::Error to parse log lines.

    $ cat apache-error-log | yg --parser apache-error
    ******************** 1 ********************
         Date: Sat Oct 06 17:34:17 2012
    Log_Level: error
       Client: 127.0.0.1
      Message: File does not exist: /var/www/html/favicon.ico

App::YG has below parsers.

App::YG::Apache::Combined

for apache combined log

App::YG::Apache::Common

for apache common log

App::YG::Apache::Error

for apache error log

App::YG::Nginx::Main

for nginx main log

HOW TO WRITE YOUR OWN PARSER

App::YG is designed to be easily extensible. You might want to write a custom log parser. Each parser is easy to write one.

For example:

    package App::YG::MyApp::Log;
    use strict;
    use warnings;

    sub parse {
        my $line = shift;

        $line =~ m!^DATE:([^\t]+)\t([^\t]+)\tMSG:(.+)$! or warn "failed to parse line: '$line'\n";

        return [
            $1 || '',
            $2 || '',
            $3 || '',
        ];
    }

    sub labels {
        return [qw/
            Date
            Level
            Message
        /];
    }

Parser class must have 2 methods parser and labels. Both methods must return array reference. Let's look at the anatomy of App::YG::* modules. And check test codes in t/parser/*/*.t.

AUTHOR ^

Dai Okabayashi <bayashi@cpan.org>

SEE ALSO ^

App::YG

LICENSE ^

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See perlartistic.

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