Rob Brown > Net-DNS-0.19 > Net::DNS::Update

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NAME ^

Net::DNS::Update - Create a DNS update packet

SYNOPSIS ^

use Net::DNS::Update;

DESCRIPTION ^

Net::DNS::Update is a front-end for creating Net::DNS::Packet objects to be used for making DNS dynamic updates. Programmers should refer to RFC 2136 for the semantics of dynamic updates.

WARNING: This code is still under development. Please use with caution on production nameservers.

METHODS ^

new

    $packet = Net::DNS::Update->new;
    $packet = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    $packet = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com", "HS");

Returns a Net::DNS::Packet object suitable for performing a DNS dynamic update. Specifically, it creates a packet with the header opcode set to UPDATE and the zone record type to SOA (per RFC 2136, Section 2.3).

Programs must use the push method to add RRs to the prerequisite, update, and additional sections before performing the update.

Arguments are the zone name and the class. If the zone is omitted, the default domain will be taken from the resolver configuration. If the class is omitted, it defaults to IN.

Future versions of Net::DNS may provide a simpler interface for making dynamic updates.

EXAMPLES ^

The first example below shows a complete program; subsequent examples show only the creation of the update packet.

Add a new host

    #!/usr/bin/perl -w
    
    use Net::DNS;
    
    # Create the update packet.
    $update = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    
    # Prerequisite is that no A records exist for the name.
    $update->push("pre", nxrrset("foo.example.com. A"));
    
    # Add two A records for the name.
    $update->push("update", rr_add("foo.example.com. 86400 A 192.168.1.2"));
    $update->push("update", rr_add("foo.example.com. 86400 A 172.16.3.4"));
    
    # Send the update to the zone's primary master.
    $res = Net::DNS::Resolver->new;
    $res->nameservers("primary-master.example.com");
    $reply = $res->send($update);
    
    # Did it work?
    if (defined $reply) {
        if ($reply->header->rcode eq "NOERROR") {
            print "Update succeeded\n";
        }
        else {
            print "Update failed: ", $reply->header->rcode, "\n";
        }
    }
    else {
        print "Update failed: ", $res->errorstring, "\n";
    }

Add an MX record for a name that already exists

    $update = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    $update->push("pre", yxdomain("example.com"));
    $update->push("update", rr_add("example.com MX 10 mailhost.example.com"));

Add a TXT record for a name that doesn't exist

    $update = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    $update->push("pre", nxdomain("info.example.com"));
    $update->push("update", rr_add("info.example.com TXT 'yabba dabba doo'"));

Delete all A records for a name

    $update = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    $update->push("pre", yxrrset("foo.example.com A"));
    $update->push("update", rr_del("foo.example.com A"));

Delete all RRs for a name

    $update = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    $update->push("pre", yxdomain("byebye.example.com"));
    $update->push("update", rr_del("byebye.example.com"));

Perform a signed update

    $key_name = "tsig-key";
    $key = "awwLOtRfpGE+rRKF2+DEiw==";

    $update = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    $update->push("update", rr_add("foo.example.com A 10.1.2.3"));
    $update->push("update", rr_add("bar.example.com A 10.4.5.6"));
    $update->sign_tsig($key_name, $key);

Another way to perform a signed update

    $key_name = "tsig-key";
    $key = "awwLOtRfpGE+rRKF2+DEiw==";

    $update = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    $update->push("update", rr_add("foo.example.com A 10.1.2.3"));
    $update->push("update", rr_add("bar.example.com A 10.4.5.6"));
    $update->push("additional", Net::DNS::RR->new("$key_name TSIG $key"));

Perform a signed update with a customized TSIG record

    $key_name = "tsig-key";
    $key = "awwLOtRfpGE+rRKF2+DEiw==";

    $tsig = Net::DNS::RR->new("$key_name TSIG $key");
    $tsig->fudge(60);

    $update = Net::DNS::Update->new("example.com");
    $update->push("update", rr_add("foo.example.com A 10.1.2.3"));
    $update->push("update", rr_add("bar.example.com A 10.4.5.6"));
    $update->push("additional", $tsig);

BUGS ^

This code is still under development. Please use with caution on production nameservers.

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 1997-2000 Michael Fuhr. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1), Net::DNS, Net::DNS::Resolver, Net::DNS::Header, Net::DNS::Packet, Net::DNS::Question, Net::DNS::RR, RFC 2136, RFC 2845

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