Brendan Byrd > DBIx-Class-0.08204_01 > DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::Sybase::ASE

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NAME ^

DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::Sybase::ASE - Sybase ASE SQL Server support for DBIx::Class

SYNOPSIS ^

This subclass supports DBD::Sybase for real (non-Microsoft) Sybase databases.

DESCRIPTION ^

If your version of Sybase does not support placeholders, then your storage will be reblessed to DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::Sybase::ASE::NoBindVars. You can also enable that driver explicitly, see the documentation for more details.

With this driver there is unfortunately no way to get the last_insert_id without doing a SELECT MAX(col). This is done safely in a transaction (locking the table.) See "INSERTS WITH PLACEHOLDERS".

A recommended connect_info setting:

  on_connect_call => [['datetime_setup'], ['blob_setup', log_on_update => 0]]

METHODS ^

connect_call_blob_setup

Used as:

  on_connect_call => [ [ 'blob_setup', log_on_update => 0 ] ]

Does $dbh->{syb_binary_images} = 1; to return IMAGE data as raw binary instead of as a hex string.

Recommended.

Also sets the log_on_update value for blob write operations. The default is 1, but 0 is better if your database is configured for it.

See "Handling_IMAGE/TEXT_data_with_syb_ct_get_data()/syb_ct_send_data()" in DBD::Sybase.

connect_call_datetime_setup

Used as:

  on_connect_call => 'datetime_setup'

In connect_info to set:

  $dbh->syb_date_fmt('ISO_strict'); # output fmt: 2004-08-21T14:36:48.080Z
  $dbh->do('set dateformat mdy');   # input fmt:  08/13/1979 18:08:55.080

This works for both DATETIME and SMALLDATETIME columns, note that SMALLDATETIME columns only have minute precision.

Schema::Loader Support ^

As of version 0.05000, DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader should work well with most versions of Sybase ASE.

FreeTDS ^

This driver supports DBD::Sybase compiled against FreeTDS (http://www.freetds.org/) to the best of our ability, however it is recommended that you recompile DBD::Sybase against the Sybase Open Client libraries. They are a part of the Sybase ASE distribution:

The Open Client FAQ is here: http://www.isug.com/Sybase_FAQ/ASE/section7.html.

Sybase ASE for Linux (which comes with the Open Client libraries) may be downloaded here: http://response.sybase.com/forms/ASE_Linux_Download.

To see if you're using FreeTDS run:

  perl -MDBI -le 'my $dbh = DBI->connect($dsn, $user, $pass); print $dbh->{syb_oc_version}'

It is recommended to set tds version for your ASE server to 5.0 in /etc/freetds/freetds.conf.

Some versions or configurations of the libraries involved will not support placeholders, in which case the storage will be reblessed to DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::Sybase::ASE::NoBindVars.

In some configurations, placeholders will work but will throw implicit type conversion errors for anything that's not expecting a string. In such a case, the auto_cast option from DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::AutoCast is automatically set, which you may enable on connection with connect_call_set_auto_cast. The type info for the CASTs is taken from the "data_type" in DBIx::Class::ResultSource definitions in your Result classes, and are mapped to a Sybase type (if it isn't already) using a mapping based on SQL::Translator.

In other configurations, placeholders will work just as they do with the Sybase Open Client libraries.

Inserts or updates of TEXT/IMAGE columns will NOT work with FreeTDS.

INSERTS WITH PLACEHOLDERS ^

With placeholders enabled, inserts are done in a transaction so that there are no concurrency issues with getting the inserted identity value using SELECT MAX(col), which is the only way to get the IDENTITY value in this mode.

In addition, they are done on a separate connection so that it's possible to have active cursors when doing an insert.

When using DBIx::Class::Storage::DBI::Sybase::ASE::NoBindVars transactions are unnecessary and not used, as there are no concurrency issues with SELECT @@IDENTITY which is a session variable.

TRANSACTIONS ^

Due to limitations of the TDS protocol and DBD::Sybase, you cannot begin a transaction while there are active cursors, nor can you use multiple active cursors within a transaction. An active cursor is, for example, a ResultSet that has been executed using next or first but has not been exhausted or reset.

For example, this will not work:

  $schema->txn_do(sub {
    my $rs = $schema->resultset('Book');
    while (my $row = $rs->next) {
      $schema->resultset('MetaData')->create({
        book_id => $row->id,
        ...
      });
    }
  });

This won't either:

  my $first_row = $large_rs->first;
  $schema->txn_do(sub { ... });

Transactions done for inserts in AutoCommit mode when placeholders are in use are not affected, as they are done on an extra database handle.

Some workarounds:

MAXIMUM CONNECTIONS ^

The TDS protocol makes separate connections to the server for active statements in the background. By default the number of such connections is limited to 25, on both the client side and the server side.

This is a bit too low for a complex DBIx::Class application, so on connection the client side setting is set to 256 (see "maxConnect" in DBD::Sybase.) You can override it to whatever setting you like in the DSN.

See http://infocenter.sybase.com/help/index.jsp?topic=/com.sybase.help.ase_15.0.sag1/html/sag1/sag1272.htm for information on changing the setting on the server side.

DATES ^

See "connect_call_datetime_setup" to setup date formats for DBIx::Class::InflateColumn::DateTime.

LIMITED QUERIES ^

Because ASE does not have a good way to limit results in SQL that works for all types of queries, the limit dialect is set to GenericSubQ.

Fortunately, ASE and DBD::Sybase support cursors properly, so when GenericSubQ is too slow you can use the software_limit DBIx::Class::ResultSet attribute to simulate limited queries by skipping over records.

TEXT/IMAGE COLUMNS ^

DBD::Sybase compiled with FreeTDS will NOT allow you to insert or update TEXT/IMAGE columns.

Setting $dbh->{LongReadLen} will also not work with FreeTDS use either:

  $schema->storage->dbh->do("SET TEXTSIZE $bytes");

or

  $schema->storage->set_textsize($bytes);

instead.

However, the LongReadLen you pass in connect_info is used to execute the equivalent SET TEXTSIZE command on connection.

See "connect_call_blob_setup" for a connect_info setting you need to work with IMAGE columns.

BULK API ^

The experimental DBD::Sybase Bulk API support is used for populate in void context, in a transaction on a separate connection.

To use this feature effectively, use a large number of rows for each populate call, eg.:

  while (my $rows = $data_source->get_100_rows()) {
    $rs->populate($rows);
  }

NOTE: the add_columns calls in your Result classes must list columns in database order for this to work. Also, you may have to unset the LANG environment variable before loading your app, as BCP -Y is not yet supported in DBD::Sybase .

When inserting IMAGE columns using this method, you'll need to use "connect_call_blob_setup" as well.

COMPUTED COLUMNS ^

If you have columns such as:

  created_dtm AS getdate()

represent them in your Result classes as:

  created_dtm => {
    data_type => undef,
    default_value => \'getdate()',
    is_nullable => 0,
    inflate_datetime => 1,
  }

The data_type must exist and must be undef. Then empty inserts will work on tables with such columns.

TIMESTAMP COLUMNS ^

timestamp columns in Sybase ASE are not really timestamps, see: http://dba.fyicenter.com/Interview-Questions/SYBASE/The_timestamp_datatype_in_Sybase_.html.

They should be defined in your Result classes as:

  ts => {
    data_type => 'timestamp',
    is_nullable => 0,
    inflate_datetime => 0,
  }

The <inflate_datetime = 0>> is necessary if you use DBIx::Class::InflateColumn::DateTime, and most people do, and still want to be able to read these values.

The values will come back as hexadecimal.

TODO ^

AUTHOR ^

See "AUTHOR" in DBIx::Class and "CONTRIBUTORS" in DBIx::Class.

LICENSE ^

You may distribute this code under the same terms as Perl itself.

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