Chris Williams > POE-Component-Server-POP3-0.10 > POE::Component::Server::POP3

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Module Version: 0.10   Source  

NAME ^

POE::Component::Server::POP3 - A POE framework for authoring POP3 servers

SYNOPSIS ^

  # A simple POP3 Server that demonstrates functionality
  use strict;
  use POE;
  use POE::Component::Server::POP3

  POE::Session->create(
        package_states => [
          'main' => [qw(
                        _start
                        pop3d_registered
                        pop3d_connection
                        pop3d_disconnected
                        pop3d_cmd_quit
                        pop3d_cmd_user
                        pop3d_cmd_pass
                        pop3d_cmd_stat
                        pop3d_cmd_list
                        pop3d_cmd_noop
          )],
        ],
  );

  $poe_kernel->run();
  exit 0;

  sub _start {
    $_[HEAP]->{pop3d} = POE::Component::Server::POP3->spawn(
        hostname => 'pop.foobar.com',
    );
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_registered {
    # Successfully started pop3d
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_connection {
    my ($heap,$id) = @_[HEAP,ARG0];
    $heap->{clients}->{ $id } = { auth => 0 };
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_disconnected {
    my ($heap,$id) = @_[HEAP,ARG0];
    delete $heap->{clients}->{ $id };
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_cmd_quit {
    my ($heap,$id) = @_[HEAP,ARG0];
    unless ( $heap->{clients}->{ $id }->{auth} ) {
        $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '+OK POP3 server signing off' );
        return;
    }
    # Process mailbox in some way
    $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '+OK POP3 server signing off' );
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_cmd_user {
    my ($heap,$id) = @_[HEAP,ARG0];
    my $user = ( split /\s+/, $_[ARG1] )[0];
    unless ( $user ) {
        $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '-ERR Missing username argument' );
        return;
    }
    $heap->{clients}->{ $id }->{user} = $user;
    $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '+OK User name accepted, password please' );
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_cmd_pass {
    my ($heap,$id) = @_[HEAP,ARG0];
    my $pass = ( split /\s+/, $_[ARG1] )[0];
    unless ( $pass ) {
        $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '-ERR Missing password argument' );
        return;
    }
    $heap->{clients}->{ $id }->{pass} = $pass;
    # Check the password
    $heap->{clients}->{ $id }->{auth} = 1;
    $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '+OK Mailbox open, 0 messages' );
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_cmd_stat {
    my ($heap,$id) = @_[HEAP,ARG0];
    unless ( $heap->{clients}->{ $id }->{auth} ) {
        $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '-ERR Unknown AUTHORIZATION state command' );
        return;
    }
    $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '+OK 0 0' );
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_cmd_noop {
    my ($heap,$id) = @_[HEAP,ARG0];
    unless ( $heap->{clients}->{ $id }->{auth} ) {
        $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '-ERR Unknown AUTHORIZATION state command' );
        return;
    }
    $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '+OK No-op to you too!' );
    return;
  }

  sub pop3d_cmd_list {
    my ($heap,$id) = @_[HEAP,ARG0];
    unless ( $heap->{clients}->{ $id }->{auth} ) {
        $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '-ERR Unknown AUTHORIZATION state command' );
        return;
    }
    $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '+OK Mailbox scan listing follows' );
    $heap->{pop3d}->send_to_client( $id, '.' );
    return;
  }

DESCRIPTION ^

POE::Component::Server::POP3 is a POE component that provides a framework for authoring POP3 http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1939.html servers with POE.

It creates a listening TCP socket ( by default on port 110 ) and accepts connections from multiple clients. Each connecting client is assigned a unique ID. Input from clients generates events that other POE components and sessions may register to receive. The POP3 poco also handles sending output to applicable clients.

One may either interface with the component via the POE API or via POE::Component::Pluggable plugins.

CONSTRUCTOR ^

spawn

Takes a number of optional arguments:

  'alias', set an alias on the component;
  'address', bind the listening socket to a particular address;
  'port', listen on a particular port, default is 110;
  'options', a hashref of POE::Session options;
  'hostname', the name that the server will identify as;
  'version', change the version string reported in initial client connections;
  'handle_connects', set this to a false value to stop the component sending
        initial connection responses to connecting clients;

Returns a POE::Component::Server::POP3 object.

METHODS ^

session_id

Returns the POE::Session ID of the component.

shutdown

Terminates the component. Shuts down the listener and disconnects connected clients.

send_event

Sends an event through the component's event handling system.

send_to_client

Send some output to a connected client. First parameter must be a valid client id. Second parameter is a string of text to send.

disconnect

Places a client connection in pending disconnect state. Requires a valid client ID as a parameter. Set this, then send an applicable message to the client using send_to_client() and the client connection will be terminated.

getsockname

Access to the POE::Wheel::SocketFactory method of the underlying listening socket.

INPUT EVENTS ^

These are events that the component will accept:

register

Takes N arguments: a list of event names that your session wants to listen for, minus the 'pop3d_' prefix, ( this is similar to POE::Component::IRC ).

Registering for all will cause it to send all POP3D-related events to you; this is the easiest way to handle it.

unregister

Takes N arguments: a list of event names which you don't want to receive. If you've previously done a 'register' for a particular event which you no longer care about, this event will tell the POP3D to stop sending them to you. (If you haven't, it just ignores you. No big deal).

shutdown

Terminates the component. Shuts down the listener and disconnects connected clients.

send_event

Sends an event through the component's event handling system.

send_to_client

Send some output to a connected client. First parameter must be a valid client ID. Second parameter is a string of text to send.

disconnect

Places a client connection in pending disconnect state. Requires a valid client ID as a parameter. Set this, then send an applicable message to the client using send_to_client() and the client connection will be terminated.

OUTPUT EVENTS ^

The component sends the following events to registered sessions:

pop3d_registered

This event is sent to a registering session. ARG0 is the POE::Component::Server::POP3 object.

pop3d_listener_failed

Generated if the component cannot either start a listener or there is a problem accepting client connections. ARG0 contains the name of the operation that failed. ARG1 and ARG2 hold numeric and string values for $!, respectively.

pop3d_connection

Generated whenever a client connects to the component. ARG0 is the client ID, ARG1 is the client's IP address, ARG2 is the client's TCP port. ARG3 is our IP address and ARG4 is our socket port.

If 'handle_connects' is true ( which is the default ), the component will automatically send an initial connection response to the client.

pop3d_disconnected

Generated whenever a client disconnects. ARG0 is the client ID.

pop3d_cmd_*

Generated for each POP3 command that a connected client sends to us. ARG0 is the client ID. ARG1 .. ARGn are any parameters that are sent with the command. Check the RFC http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1939.html for details.

PLUGINS ^

POE::Component::Server::POP3 utilises POE::Component::Pluggable to enable a POE::Component::IRC type plugin system.

PLUGIN HANDLER TYPES

There are two types of handlers that can registered for by plugins, these are

POP3D

These are the 'pop3d_' prefixed events that are generated. In a handler arguments are passed as scalar refs so that you may mangle the values if required.

POP3C

These are generated whenever a response is sent to a client. Again, any arguments passed are scalar refs for manglement. There is really on one type of this handler generated 'POP3C_response'

PLUGIN EXIT CODES

Plugin handlers should return a particular value depending on what action they wish to happen to the event. These values are available as constants which you can use with the following line:

  use POE::Component::Server::POP3::Constants qw(:ALL);

The return values have the following significance:

POP3D_EAT_NONE

This means the event will continue to be processed by remaining plugins and finally, sent to interested sessions that registered for it.

POP3D_EAT_CLIENT

This means the event will continue to be processed by remaining plugins but it will not be sent to any sessions that registered for it. This means nothing will be sent out on the wire if it was an POP3C event, beware!

POP3D_EAT_PLUGIN

This means the event will not be processed by remaining plugins, it will go straight to interested sessions.

POP3D_EAT_ALL

This means the event will be completely discarded, no plugin or session will see it. This means nothing will be sent out on the wire if it was an POP3C event, beware!

PLUGIN METHODS

The following methods are available:

pipeline

Returns the POE::Component::Pluggable::Pipeline object.

plugin_add

Accepts two arguments:

  The alias for the plugin
  The actual plugin object

The alias is there for the user to refer to it, as it is possible to have multiple plugins of the same kind active in one POE::Component::Server::POP3 object.

This method goes through the pipeline's push() method.

 This method will call $plugin->plugin_register( $pop3d )

Returns the number of plugins now in the pipeline if plugin was initialized, undef if not.

plugin_del

Accepts one argument:

  The alias for the plugin or the plugin object itself

This method goes through the pipeline's remove() method.

This method will call $plugin->plugin_unregister( $pop3d )

Returns the plugin object if the plugin was removed, undef if not.

plugin_get

Accepts one argument:

  The alias for the plugin

This method goes through the pipeline's get() method.

Returns the plugin object if it was found, undef if not.

plugin_list

Has no arguments.

Returns a hashref of plugin objects, keyed on alias, or an empty list if there are no plugins loaded.

plugin_order

Has no arguments.

Returns an arrayref of plugin objects, in the order which they are encountered in the pipeline.

plugin_register

Accepts the following arguments:

  The plugin object
  The type of the hook, POP3D or POP3C
  The event name(s) to watch

The event names can be as many as possible, or an arrayref. They correspond to the prefixed events and naturally, arbitrary events too.

You do not need to supply events with the prefix in front of them, just the names.

It is possible to register for all events by specifying 'all' as an event.

Returns 1 if everything checked out fine, undef if something's seriously wrong

plugin_unregister

Accepts the following arguments:

  The plugin object
  The type of the hook, pop3D or POP3C
  The event name(s) to unwatch

The event names can be as many as possible, or an arrayref. They correspond to the prefixed events and naturally, arbitrary events too.

You do not need to supply events with the prefix in front of them, just the names.

It is possible to register for all events by specifying 'all' as an event.

Returns 1 if all the event name(s) was unregistered, undef if some was not found.

PLUGIN TEMPLATE

The basic anatomy of a plugin is:

        package Plugin;

        # Import the constants, of course you could provide your own 
        # constants as long as they map correctly.
        use POE::Component::Server::POP3::Constants qw( :ALL );

        # Our constructor
        sub new {
                ...
        }

        # Required entry point for plugins
        sub plugin_register {
                my( $self, $pop3d ) = @_;

                # Register events we are interested in
                $pop3d->plugin_register( $self, 'POP3D', qw(all) );

                # Return success
                return 1;
        }

        # Required exit point for pluggable
        sub plugin_unregister {
                my( $self, $pop3d ) = @_;

                # Pluggable will automatically unregister events for the plugin

                # Do some cleanup...

                # Return success
                return 1;
        }

        sub _default {
                my( $self, $pop3d, $event ) = splice @_, 0, 3;

                print "Default called for $event\n";

                # Return an exit code
                return POP3D_EAT_NONE;
        }

AUTHOR ^

Chris BinGOs Williams <chris@bingosnet.co.uk>

LICENSE ^

Copyright © Chris Williams

This module may be used, modified, and distributed under the same terms as Perl itself. Please see the license that came with your Perl distribution for details.

SEE ALSO ^

POE::Component::Pluggable

RFC 1939 http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1939.html

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