Brandon L Black > DBIx-Class-0.07999_06 > DBIx::Class::ResultSource



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DBIx::Class::ResultSource - Result source object



A ResultSource is a component of a schema from which results can be directly retrieved, most usually a table (see DBIx::Class::ResultSource::Table)




  $class->new({attribute_name => value});

Creates a new ResultSource object. Not normally called directly by end users.


Stores a hashref of per-source metadata. No specific key names have yet been standardized, the examples below are purely hypothetical and don't actually accomplish anything on their own:

    "_tablespace" => 'fast_disk_array_3',
    "_engine" => 'InnoDB',


  $table->add_columns(qw/col1 col2 col3/);

  $table->add_columns('col1' => \%col1_info, 'col2' => \%col2_info, ...);

Adds columns to the result source. If supplied key => hashref pairs, uses the hashref as the column_info for that column. Repeated calls of this method will add more columns, not replace them.

The contents of the column_info are not set in stone. The following keys are currently recognised/used by DBIx::Class:


Use this to set the name of the accessor for this column. If unset, the name of the column will be used.


This contains the column type. It is automatically filled by the SQL::Translator::Producer::DBIx::Class::File producer, and the DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader module. If you do not enter a data_type, DBIx::Class will attempt to retrieve it from the database for you, using DBI's column_info method. The values of this key are typically upper-cased.

Currently there is no standard set of values for the data_type. Use whatever your database supports.


The length of your column, if it is a column type that can have a size restriction. This is currently only used by "deploy" in DBIx::Class::Schema.


Set this to a true value for a columns that is allowed to contain NULL values. This is currently only used by "deploy" in DBIx::Class::Schema.


Set this to a true value for a column whose value is somehow automatically set. This is used to determine which columns to empty when cloning objects using copy. It is also used by "deploy" in DBIx::Class::Schema.


Set this to a true value for a column that contains a key from a foreign table. This is currently only used by "deploy" in DBIx::Class::Schema.


Set this to the default value which will be inserted into a column by the database. Can contain either a value or a function. This is currently only used by "deploy" in DBIx::Class::Schema.


Set this on a primary key column to the name of the sequence used to generate a new key value. If not specified, DBIx::Class::PK::Auto will attempt to retrieve the name of the sequence from the database automatically.


This is used by "deploy" in DBIx::Class::Schema and SQL::Translator to add extra non-generic data to the column. For example: extras => { unsigned => 1} is used by the MySQL producer to set an integer column to unsigned. For more details, see SQL::Translator::Producer::MySQL.


  $table->add_column('col' => \%info?);

Convenience alias to add_columns.


  if ($obj->has_column($col)) { ... }

Returns true if the source has a column of this name, false otherwise.


  my $info = $obj->column_info($col);

Returns the column metadata hashref for a column. See the description of add_column for information on the contents of the hashref.


Enables the on-demand automatic loading of the above column metadata from storage as neccesary. This is *deprecated*, and should not be used. It will be removed before 1.0.



  my @column_names = $obj->columns;

Returns all column names in the order they were declared to add_columns.


  $table->remove_columns(qw/col1 col2 col3/);

Removes columns from the result source.



Convenience alias to remove_columns.


Arguments: @cols

Defines one or more columns as primary key for this source. Should be called after add_columns.

Additionally, defines a unique constraint named primary.

The primary key columns are used by DBIx::Class::PK::Auto to retrieve automatically created values from the database.


Read-only accessor which returns the list of primary keys.


Declare a unique constraint on this source. Call once for each unique constraint.

  # For UNIQUE (column1, column2)
    constraint_name => [ qw/column1 column2/ ],

Alternatively, you can specify only the columns:

  __PACKAGE__->add_unique_constraint([ qw/column1 column2/ ]);

This will result in a unique constraint named table_column1_column2, where table is replaced with the table name.

Unique constraints are used, for example, when you call "find" in DBIx::Class::ResultSet. Only columns in the constraint are searched.


Return a name for a unique constraint containing the specified columns. These names consist of the table name and each column name, separated by underscores.

For example, a constraint on a table named cd containing the columns artist and title would result in a constraint name of cd_artist_title.


Read-only accessor which returns the list of unique constraints on this source.


Returns the list of unique constraint names defined on this source.


Returns the list of columns that make up the specified unique constraint.


Returns an expression of the source to be supplied to storage to specify retrieval from this source. In the case of a database, the required FROM clause contents.


Returns the DBIx::Class::Schema object that this result source belongs too.


Returns the storage handle for the current schema.

See also: DBIx::Class::Storage


  $source->add_relationship('relname', 'related_source', $cond, $attrs);

The relationship name can be arbitrary, but must be unique for each relationship attached to this result source. 'related_source' should be the name with which the related result source was registered with the current schema. For example:

  $schema->source('Book')->add_relationship('reviews', 'Review', {
    'foreign.book_id' => '',

The condition $cond needs to be an SQL::Abstract-style representation of the join between the tables. For example, if you're creating a rel from Author to Book,

  { 'foreign.author_id' => '' }

will result in the JOIN clause

  author me JOIN book foreign ON foreign.author_id =

You can specify as many foreign => self mappings as necessary.

Valid attributes are as follows:


Explicitly specifies the type of join to use in the relationship. Any SQL join type is valid, e.g. LEFT or RIGHT. It will be placed in the SQL command immediately before JOIN.


An arrayref containing a list of accessors in the foreign class to proxy in the main class. If, for example, you do the following:

  CD->might_have(liner_notes => 'LinerNotes', undef, {
    proxy => [ qw/notes/ ],

Then, assuming LinerNotes has an accessor named notes, you can do:

  my $cd = CD->find(1);
  # set notes -- LinerNotes object is created if it doesn't exist
  $cd->notes('Notes go here');

Specifies the type of accessor that should be created for the relationship. Valid values are single (for when there is only a single related object), multi (when there can be many), and filter (for when there is a single related object, but you also want the relationship accessor to double as a column accessor). For multi accessors, an add_to_* method is also created, which calls create_related for the relationship.


Returns all relationship names for this source.


Arguments: $relname

Returns a hash of relationship information for the specified relationship name.


Arguments: $rel

Returns true if the source has a relationship of this name, false otherwise.


Arguments: $relname

Returns an array of hash references of relationship information for the other side of the specified relationship name.


Arguments: $keys1, $keys2

Returns true if both sets of keynames are the same, false otherwise.


Arguments: $relation

Returns the join structure required for the related result source.


Arguments: $cond, $as, $alias|$object

Resolves the passed condition to a concrete query fragment. If given an alias, returns a join condition; if given an object, inverts that object to produce a related conditional from that object.


Arguments: hashref/arrayref/scalar

Accepts one or more relationships for the current source and returns an array of column names for each of those relationships. Column names are prefixed relative to the current source, in accordance with where they appear in the supplied relationships. Examples:

  my $source = $schema->resultset('Tag')->source;
  @columns = $source->resolve_prefetch( { cd => 'artist' } );

  # @columns =
  #  'cd.cdid',
  #  'cd.artist',
  #  'cd.title',
  #  'cd.year',
  #  'cd.artist.artistid',
  #  ''

  @columns = $source->resolve_prefetch( qw[/ cd /] );

  # @columns =
  #   'cd.cdid',
  #   'cd.artist',
  #   'cd.title',
  #   'cd.year'

  $source = $schema->resultset('CD')->source;
  @columns = $source->resolve_prefetch( qw[/ artist producer /] );

  # @columns =
  #  'artist.artistid',
  #  '',
  #  'producer.producerid',
  #  ''


Arguments: $relname

Returns the result source object for the given relationship.


Arguments: $relname

Returns the class name for objects in the given relationship.


Returns a resultset for the given source. This will initially be created on demand by calling

  $self->resultset_class->new($self, $self->resultset_attributes)

but is cached from then on unless resultset_class changes.


` package My::ResultSetClass; use base 'DBIx::Class::ResultSet'; ...


Set the class of the resultset, this is useful if you want to create your own resultset methods. Create your own class derived from DBIx::Class::ResultSet, and set it here.


  $source->resultset_attributes({ order_by => [ 'id' ] });

Specify here any attributes you wish to pass to your specialised resultset. For a full list of these, please see "ATTRIBUTES" in DBIx::Class::ResultSet.


Arguments: $source_name

Set the name of the result source when it is loaded into a schema. This is usefull if you want to refer to a result source by a name other than its class name.

  package ArchivedBooks;
  use base qw/DBIx::Class/;

  # from your schema...


Obtain a new handle to this source. Returns an instance of a DBIx::Class::ResultSourceHandle.


See "throw_exception" in DBIx::Class::Schema.


Matt S. Trout <>


You may distribute this code under the same terms as Perl itself.

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