Boris Zentner > Geo-IP-1.42 > Geo::IP

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Module Version: 1.42   Source   Latest Release: Geo-IP-1.45

NAME ^

Geo::IP - Look up location and network information by IP Address

SYNOPSIS ^

  use Geo::IP;
  my $gi = Geo::IP->new(GEOIP_MEMORY_CACHE);
  # look up IP address '24.24.24.24'
  # returns undef if country is unallocated, or not defined in our database
  my $country = $gi->country_code_by_addr('24.24.24.24');
  $country = $gi->country_code_by_name('yahoo.com');
  # $country is equal to "US"
  

  use Geo::IP;
  my $gi = Geo::IP->open("/usr/local/share/GeoIP/GeoIPCity.dat", GEOIP_STANDARD);
  my $record = $gi->record_by_addr('24.24.24.24');
  print $record->country_code,
        $record->country_code3,
        $record->country_name,
        $record->region,
        $record->region_name,
        $record->city,
        $record->postal_code,
        $record->latitude,
        $record->longitude,
        $record->time_zone,
        $record->area_code,
        $record->continent_code,
        $record->metro_code;


  # the IPv6 support is currently only avail if you use the CAPI which is much
  # faster anyway. ie: print Geo::IP->api equals to 'CAPI'
  use Socket;
  use Socket6;
  use Geo::IP;
  my $g = Geo::IP->open('/usr/local/share/GeoIP/GeoIPv6.dat') or die;
  print $g->country_code_by_ipnum_v6(inet_pton AF_INET6, '::24.24.24.24');
  print $g->country_code_by_addr_v6('2a02:e88::');

DESCRIPTION ^

This module uses a file based database. This database simply contains IP blocks as keys, and countries as values. This database should be more complete and accurate than reverse DNS lookups.

This module can be used to automatically select the geographically closest mirror, to analyze your web server logs to determine the countries of your visitors, for credit card fraud detection, and for software export controls.

IP ADDRESS TO COUNTRY DATABASES ^

Free monthly updates to the database are available from

  http://dev.maxmind.com/geoip/geolite

This free database is similar to the database contained in IP::Country, as well as many paid databases. It uses ARIN, RIPE, APNIC, and LACNIC whois to obtain the IP->Country mappings.

If you require greater accuracy, MaxMind offers a database on a paid subscription basis. Also included with this is a service that updates your database automatically each month, by running a program called geoipupdate included with the C API from a cronjob. For more details on the differences between the free and paid databases, see:

http://www.maxmind.com/en/geolocation_landing

Do not miss the city database, described in Geo::IP::Record

Make sure to use the geolite-mirror-simple.pl script from the example directory to stay current with the databases.

BENCHMARK the lookups are fast. This is my laptop ( examples/benchmark.pl ): ^

  Benchmark: running city_mem, city_std, country_mem, country_std, country_v6_mem, country_v6_std, isp_mem, isp_std for at least 10 CPU seconds...
    city_mem: 10.3121 wallclock secs (10.30 usr +  0.01 sys = 10.31 CPU) @ 387271.48/s (n=3992769)
    city_std: 10.0658 wallclock secs ( 2.86 usr +  7.17 sys = 10.03 CPU) @ 54392.62/s (n=545558)
  country_mem: 10.1772 wallclock secs (10.16 usr +  0.00 sys = 10.16 CPU) @ 1077507.97/s (n=10947481)
  country_std: 10.1432 wallclock secs ( 2.30 usr +  7.85 sys = 10.15 CPU) @ 83629.56/s (n=848840)
  country_v6_mem: 10.2579 wallclock secs (10.25 usr + -0.00 sys = 10.25 CPU) @ 365997.37/s (n=3751473)
  country_v6_std: 10.8541 wallclock secs ( 1.77 usr +  9.07 sys = 10.84 CPU) @ 10110.42/s (n=109597)
     isp_mem: 10.147 wallclock secs (10.13 usr +  0.01 sys = 10.14 CPU) @ 590109.66/s (n=5983712)
     isp_std: 10.0484 wallclock secs ( 2.71 usr +  7.33 sys = 10.04 CPU) @ 73186.35/s (n=734791)

CLASS METHODS ^

$gi = Geo::IP->new( $flags );

Constructs a new Geo::IP object with the default database located inside your system's datadir, typically /usr/local/share/GeoIP/GeoIP.dat.

Flags can be set to either GEOIP_STANDARD, or for faster performance (at a cost of using more memory), GEOIP_MEMORY_CACHE. When using memory cache you can force a reload if the file is updated by setting GEOIP_CHECK_CACHE. GEOIP_INDEX_CACHE caches the most frequently accessed index portion of the database, resulting in faster lookups than GEOIP_STANDARD, but less memory usage than GEOIP_MEMORY_CACHE - useful for larger databases such as GeoIP Organization and GeoIP City. Note, for GeoIP Country, Region and Netspeed databases, GEOIP_INDEX_CACHE is equivalent to GEOIP_MEMORY_CACHE

To combine flags, use the bitwise OR operator, |. For example, to cache the database in memory, but check for an updated GeoIP.dat file, use: Geo::IP->new( GEOIP_MEMORY_CACHE | GEOIP_CHECK_CACHE. );

$gi = Geo::IP->open( $database_filename, $flags );

Constructs a new Geo::IP object with the database located at $database_filename.

$gi = Geo::IP->open_type( $database_type, $flags );

Constructs a new Geo::IP object with the $database_type database located in the standard location. For example

  $gi = Geo::IP->open_type( GEOIP_CITY_EDITION_REV1 , GEOIP_STANDARD );

opens the database file in the standard location for GeoIP City, typically /usr/local/share/GeoIP/GeoIPCity.dat.

OBJECT METHODS ^

$code = $gi->country_code_by_addr( $ipaddr );

Returns the ISO 3166 country code for an IP address.

$code = $gi->country_code_by_name( $hostname );

Returns the ISO 3166 country code for a hostname.

$code = $gi->country_code3_by_addr( $ipaddr );

Returns the 3 letter country code for an IP address.

$code = $gi->country_code3_by_name( $hostname );

Returns the 3 letter country code for a hostname.

$name = $gi->country_name_by_addr( $ipaddr );

Returns the full country name for an IP address.

$name = $gi->country_name_by_name( $hostname );

Returns the full country name for a hostname.

$r = $gi->record_by_addr( $ipaddr );

Returns a Geo::IP::Record object containing city location for an IP address.

$r = $gi->record_by_name( $hostname );

Returns a Geo::IP::Record object containing city location for a hostname.

$org = $gi->org_by_addr( $ipaddr ); deprecated use name_by_addr instead.

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for an IP address.

$org = $gi->org_by_name( $hostname ); deprecated use name_by_name instead.

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for a hostname.

$info = $gi->database_info;

Returns database string, includes version, date, build number and copyright notice.

$old_charset = $gi->set_charset( $charset );

Set the charset for the city name - defaults to GEOIP_CHARSET_ISO_8859_1. To set UTF8, pass GEOIP_CHARSET_UTF8 to set_charset. For perl >= 5.008 the utf8 flag is honored.

$charset = $gi->charset;

Gets the currently used charset.

( $country, $region ) = $gi->region_by_addr('24.24.24.24');

Returns a list containing country and region. If region and/or country is unknown, undef is returned. Sure this works only for region databases.

( $country, $region ) = $gi->region_by_name('www.xyz.com');

Returns a list containing country and region. If region and/or country is unknown, undef is returned. Sure this works only for region databases.

$netmask = $gi->last_netmask;

Gets netmask of network block from last lookup.

$gi->netmask(12);

Sets netmask for the last lookup

my ( $from, $to ) = $gi->range_by_ip('24.24.24.24');

Returns the start and end of the current network block. The method tries to join several continous netblocks.

$api = $gi->api or $api = Geo::IP->api

Returns the currently used API.

  # prints either CAPI or PurePerl
  print Geo::IP->api;
$continent = $gi->continent_code_by_country_code('US');

Returns the continentcode by country code.

$dbe = $gi->database_edition

Returns the database_edition of the currently opened database.

  if ( $gi->database_edition == GEOIP_COUNTRY_EDITION ){
    ...
  }
$isp = $gi->isp_by_addr('24.24.24.24');

Returns the isp for 24.24.24.24

$isp = $gi->isp_by_name('www.maxmind.com');

Returns the isp for www.something.de

my $time_zone = $gi->time_zone('US', 'AZ');

Returns the time zone for country/region.

  # undef
  print  $gi->time_zone('US', '');

  # America/Phoenix
  print  $gi->time_zone('US', 'AZ');

  # Europe/Berlin
  print  $gi->time_zone('DE', '00');

  # Europe/Berlin
  print  $gi->time_zone('DE', '');
$id = $gi->id_by_addr('24.24.24.24');

Returns the country_id for 24.24.24.24. The country_id might be useful as array index. 0 is unknown.

$id = $gi->id_by_name('www.maxmind.com');

Returns the country_id for www.maxmind.com. The country_id might be useful as array index. 0 is unknown.

$cc = $gi->country_code3_by_addr_v6('::24.24.24.24');
$cc = $gi->country_code3_by_name_v6('ipv6.google.com');
$cc = $gi->country_code_by_addr_v6('2a02:ea0::');
$cc = $gi->country_code_by_ipnum_v6($ipnum);
  use Socket;
  use Socket6;
  use Geo::IP;
  my $g = Geo::IP->open('/usr/local/share/GeoIP/GeoIPv6.dat') or die;
  print $g->country_code_by_ipnum_v6(inet_pton AF_INET6, '::24.24.24.24');
$cc = $gi->country_code_by_name_v6('ipv6.google.com');
name_by_addr

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for a IP address.

name_by_addr_v6

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for an IPv6 address.

name_by_ipnum_v6

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for an ipnum.

name_by_name

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for a hostname.

name_by_name_v6

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for a hostname.

org_by_addr_v6 deprecated use name_by_addr_v6

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for an IPv6 address.

org_by_name_v6 deprecated use name_by_name_v6

Returns the Organization, ISP name or Domain Name for a hostname.

teredo

Returns the current setting for teredo.

enable_teredo

Enable / disable teredo

  $gi->enable_teredo(1); # enable
  $gi->enable_teredo(0); # disable
lib_version
  if ( $gi->api eq 'CAPI' ){
      print $gi->lib_version;
  }

ISSUE TRACKER AND GIT repo ^

Is available from GitHub, see

https://github.com/maxmind/geoip-api-perl

VERSION ^

1.41

SEE ALSO ^

Geo::IP::Record

AUTHOR ^

Copyright (c) 2013, MaxMind, Inc

All rights reserved. This package is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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