Brian Szymanski > Proc-Exists-1.00 > Proc::Exists

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Module Version: 1.00   Source   Latest Release: Proc-Exists-1.01

NAME ^

Proc::Exists - quickly and portably check for process existence

SYNOPSIS ^

   use Proc::Exists qw(pexists);

   my $dead_or_alive        = pexists($pid); 
   my @survivors            = pexists(@pid_list); 
   my $nsurvivors           = pexists(@pid_list); 
   my $all_pids_survived    = pexists(@pid_list, {all => 1});
   my $pid_of_one_survivor_or_undef_if_all_are_dead =
                              pexists(@pid_list, {any => 1});

FUNCTIONS ^

pexists( @pids, [ $args_hashref ] )

Supported arguments are 'any' and 'all', as shown above.

In list context, giving the 'any' or 'all' arguments will error out.

The 'any' argument returns the pid of the first process found, or undef if none are found. Note that on some systems, 0 is a valid and usually extant pid - see CAVEATS for more information.

DESCRIPTION ^

A simple, portable, and fast module for checking whether a process exists or not, regardless of whether it is a child of this process or has the same owner.

On POSIX systems, this is implemented by sending a 0 (test) signal to the pid of the process to check and examining the result and errno. On Win32, OpenProcess() is used for a similar job.

DEPENDENCIES ^

 * any os with either a POSIX layer or ( win32 and a compiler )
 * Config (needed to run Makefile.PL, but you could theoretically do 
   without it - it is not needed at run time)
 * Test::More if you want to run 'make test'

If you are trying to install the pureperl implementation, and EPERM and ESRCH are not autodetected properly by POSIX.pm, your best bet is to look up EPERM and ESRCH (try grepping for them down /usr/include or wherever your headers are kept). If you get hits back, you can edit Exists/Configuration.pm, add your values there, and re-run the build process. Whether you were successful or not, please send a description of what you tried, as well as the output of perl -V and the output of perl misc/gather-info.pl and perl t/00-info.t to <ski-cpan@allafrica.com> - making sure to include Proc::Exists in the subject line (or else I won't read it!) If you had no success, hopefully I'll be able to provide a patch for you, and a fix/workaround for the next release of Proc::Exists.

There is no pure perl implementation under Windows. The usual solution is to use Strawberry Perl http://strawberryperl.com/ (although ActivePerl and MSVC have also been reported to work).

Any other OS without a POSIX emulation layer will probably be completely non-functional unless it implements kill() in a UNIX-esque fashion.

CAVEATS ^

The 'any' argument returns the pid of the first process found, or undef if none are found. Note that on some systems (e.g. OSX), 0 is a valid pid (that almost always exists). Since the 'any' mode will return the first pid that matches, a return value of 0 can indicate that a pid was found. To avoid this problem, make sure you check whether 'any' mode found anything by checking for defined-ness, not whether the result evaluates to true or false in boolean context, like so:

        if(defined(pexists(@pid_list, {any => 1})));

DO NOT use this idiom:

        if(pexists(@pid_list, {any => 1}));

Note also that this caveat does NOT apply for "plain" pexists() (ie without 'any' or 'all' arguments), because in scalar context a count is returned, so pexists(0) returns 1 when pid 0 exists, as expected. we only get a pid with 'any' or when we are in list context, and in the latter case, an array of length 1 containing a false value evaluates true in boolean context.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

Please report any bugs or feature requests through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org.

AUTHOR ^

Brian Szymanski <ski-cpan@allafrica.com> -- be sure to put Proc::Exists in the subject line if you want me to read your message.

LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2008-2009, Brian Szymanski <ski-cpan@allafrica.com>. All rights reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See perlartistic.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY ^

BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENCE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

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