IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications
IO::Socket only defines methods for those operations which are common to all types of socket. Operations which are specified to a socket in a particular domain have methods defined in sub classes of
IO::Socket will export all functions (and constants) defined by Socket.
IO::Socket, which is a reference to a newly created symbol (see the
new optionally takes arguments, these arguments are in key-value pairs.
new only looks for one key
Domain which tells new which domain the socket will be in. All other arguments will be passed to the configuration method of the package for that domain, See below.
See perlfunc for complete descriptions of each of the following supported
IO::Socket methods, which are just front ends for the corresponding built-in functions:
socket socketpair bind listen accept send recv peername (getpeername) sockname (getsockname)
Some methods take slightly different arguments to those defined in perlfunc in attempt to make the interface more flexible. These are
perform the system call
accept on the socket and return a new object. The new object will be created in the same class as the listen socket, unless
PKG is specified. This object can be used to communicate with the client that was trying to connect. In a scalar context the new socket is returned, or undef upon failure. In an array context a two-element array is returned containing the new socket and the peer address, the list will be empty upon failure.
Additional methods that are provided are
Set or get the timeout value associated with this socket. If called without any arguments then the current setting is returned. If called with an argument the current setting is changed and the previous value returned.
Unified method to both set and get options in the SOL_SOCKET level. If called with one argument then getsockopt is called, otherwise setsockopt is called.
Returns the numerical number for the socket domain type. For example, for a AF_INET socket the value of &AF_INET will be returned.
Returns the numerical number for the socket type. For example, for a SOCK_STREAM socket the value of &SOCK_STREAM will be returned.
Returns the numerical number for the protocol being used on the socket, if known. If the protocol is unknown, as with an AF_UNIX socket, zero is returned.
IO::Socket::INET provides a constructor to create an AF_INET domain socket and some related methods. The constructor can take the following options
PeerAddr Remote host address <hostname>[:<port>] PeerPort Remote port or service <service>[(<no>)] | <no> LocalAddr Local host bind address hostname[:port] LocalPort Local host bind port <service>[(<no>)] | <no> Proto Protocol name "tcp" | "udp" | ... Type Socket type SOCK_STREAM | SOCK_DGRAM | ... Listen Queue size for listen Reuse Set SO_REUSEADDR before binding Timeout Timeout value for various operations
Listen is defined then a listen socket is created, else if the socket type, which is derived from the protocol, is SOCK_STREAM then connect() is called.
PeerAddr can be a hostname or the IP-address on the "xx.xx.xx.xx" form. The
PeerPort can be a number or a symbolic service name. The service name might be followed by a number in parenthesis which is used if the service is not known by the system. The
PeerPort specification can also be embedded in the
PeerAddr by preceding it with a ":".
Only one of
Proto needs to be specified, one will be assumed from the other. If you specify a symbolic
PeerPort port, then the constructor will try to derive
Proto from the service name.
$sock = IO::Socket::INET->new(PeerAddr => 'www.perl.org', PeerPort => 'http(80)', Proto => 'tcp'); $sock = IO::Socket::INET->new(PeerAddr => 'localhost:smtp(25)'); $sock = IO::Socket::INET->new(Listen => 5, LocalAddr => 'localhost', LocalPort => 9000, Proto => 'tcp');
Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket
Return the port number that the socket is using on the local host
Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket in a text form xx.xx.xx.xx
Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket on the peer host
Return the port number for the socket on the peer host.
Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket on the peer host in a text form xx.xx.xx.xx
IO::Socket::UNIX provides a constructor to create an AF_UNIX domain socket and some related methods. The constructor can take the following options
Type Type of socket (eg SOCK_STREAM or SOCK_DGRAM) Local Path to local fifo Peer Path to peer fifo Listen Create a listen socket
Returns the pathname to the fifo at the local end
Returns the pathanme to the fifo at the peer end
Graham Barr <Graham.Barr@tiuk.ti.com>
Copyright (c) 1996 Graham Barr. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.