PostScript::File::Metrics - Metrics for PostScript fonts
This document describes version 2.11 of PostScript::File::Metrics, released February 11, 2012 as part of PostScript-File version 2.20.
use PostScript::File; my $ps = PostScript::File->new(reencode => 'cp1252'); my $metrics = $ps->get_metrics('Helvetica-iso', 9); my $upos = $metrics->underline_position; my $width = $metrics->width('Hello, World!'); my @lines = $metrics->wrap( 72, # wrap it into 1 inch lines 'This is a long string that will not fit on just one line of text.' );
PostScript::File::Metrics provides a subset of the metrics available from Font::AFM. Its reason for existence is that it allows you to pre-compile the AFM files into Perl modules. This makes loading them more efficient, but more importantly, it means you don't have to install (or configure) Font::AFM. That's important because the locations and filenames of AFM files are not very standardized, which makes configuring Font::AFM quite difficult.
PostScript::File::Metrics includes pre-compiled metrics for the 13 standard PostScript fonts:
Courier Helvetica Times-Roman Courier-Bold Helvetica-Bold Times-Bold Courier-BoldOblique Helvetica-BoldOblique Times-BoldItalic Courier-Oblique Helvetica-Oblique Times-Italic Symbol
If you need metrics for a font not in that list, you'll need to have Font::AFM installed and configured. (You can modify examples/generate_metrics.pl to create additional pre-compiled modules, but you'll still have to get Font::AFM working on one system.)
All attributes are read-only, except for
size, which can be set using the corresponding
The current font size in points. This is not an attribute of the font, but of this Metrics object. The attributes that describe the font's dimensions are adjusted according to this value.
If true, the
wrap methods will do hyphen-minus processing as described in "Hyphens and Minus Signs" in PostScript::File, but only if the encoding is
Unique, human-readable name for an individual font, for instance "Times Roman".
Human-readable name for a group of fonts that are stylistic variants of a single design. All fonts that are members of such a group should have exactly the same
family. Example of a family name is "Times".
Human-readable name for the weight, or "boldness", attribute of a font. Examples are
Angle in degrees counterclockwise from the vertical of the dominant vertical strokes of the font. (This is normally <= 0.)
1 if the font is a fixed-pitch (monospaced) font. 0 otherwise.
An arrayref of four numbers giving the lower-left x, lower-left y, upper-right x, and upper-right y of the font bounding box. The font bounding box is the smallest rectangle enclosing the shape that would result if all the characters of the font were placed with their origins coincident at (0,0), and then painted. You must not modify the returned arrayref.
Usually the y-value of the top of the capital H. Some fonts, like Symbol, may not define this attribute.
Typically the y-value of the top of the lowercase x. Some fonts, like Symbol, may not define this attribute.
Typically the y-value of the top of the lowercase d. Some fonts, like Symbol, may not define this attribute.
Typically the y-value of the bottom of the lowercase p. Some fonts, like Symbol, may not define this attribute.
Recommended distance from the baseline for positioning underline strokes. This number is the y coordinate of the center of the stroke.
Recommended stroke width for underlining.
Version number of the font.
$metrics = PostScript::File::Metrics->new($font, [$size, [$encoding]])
You would normally use "get_metrics" in PostScript::File to construct a Metrics object (because it can get the
$encoding from the document), but it is possible to construct one directly.
$size is the font size in points, and defaults to 1000.
$encoding is the character encoding used by "width" and "wrap". Valid choices are
iso-8859-1. The default is
std, meaning PostScript's StandardEncoding (unless the
$font is Symbol, which uses
sym, meaning PostScript's SymbolEncoding). Neither
sym does any character set translation.
auto_hyphen attribute is always set to true when character translation is enabled.
If translate is a true value, then
wrap will do automatic hyphen-minus translation as described in "Hyphens and Minus Signs" in PostScript::File.
This method sets the font size (in points). This influences the attributes that concern dimensions and the string width calculations. It returns the Metrics object, so you can chain to the next method.
This method (introduced in version 2.11) sets the characters after which a word can be wrapped. A line can wrap after any character in
$new_chars, which should not include whitespace. Whitespace is always a valid breakpoint. If
$new_chars is omitted or
undef, restores the default wrap characters, which means
-/ and (if using cp1252) both en and em dashes. It returns the Metrics object, so you can chain to the next method.
$width = $metrics->width($string, [$already_encoded])
This calculates the width of
$string (in points) when displayed in this font at the current size. If
$string has the UTF8 flag set, it is translated into the font's encoding. Otherwise, the
$string is expected to be in the correct character set already.
$string should not contain newlines.
If optional parameter
$already_encoded is true, then
$string is assumed to be already encoded in the document's character set. This also prevents any hyphen-minus processing.
@lines = $metrics->wrap($width, $text, [\%param])
$text into lines of no more than
$width points. If
$text contains newlines, they will also cause line breaks. If
$text has the UTF8 flag set, it is translated into the font's encoding. Otherwise, the
$text is expected to be in the correct character set already.
auto_hyphen attribute is true, then any HYPHEN-MINUS (U+002D) characters in
$text will be converted to either HYPHEN (U+2010) or MINUS SIGN (U+2212) in the returned strings.
The characters after which a line can wrap (other than space and tab, which are always valid line breaks) can be set with the
set_wrap_chars method. In addition,
$text may contain ZERO WIDTH SPACE (U+200B) characters to indicate potential line breaks. All ZWSP characters and CRs will be removed from the returned strings.
$text may also contain NO-BREAK SPACE (U+00A0) characters, which indicate whitespace without a potential line break.
\%param (introduced in version 2.11) allows additional control over the wrapping. It may contain the following keys:
This overrides the line-breaking characters normally set by the
set_wrap_chars method. The value has the same meaning as for
The maximum number of lines to return. The final line will contain all the remaining text, even if that exceeds
$width or contains newline characters.
If true, do not warn about words that are too wide to fit in the specified
If present, must be an arrayref. Warning messages about words that are too wide to fit in the specified
$width will be pushed onto the array. You should also pass
quiet => 1 if you don't want the warnings printed to STDERR.
PostScript::File::Metrics requires no configuration files or environment variables.
No bugs have been reported.
Christopher J. Madsen
<perl AT cjmweb.net>
Please report any bugs or feature requests to
<bug-PostScript-File AT rt.cpan.org> or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Bug/Report.html?Queue=PostScript-File.
You can follow or contribute to PostScript-File's development at http://github.com/madsen/postscript-file.
This software is copyright (c) 2012 by Christopher J. Madsen.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.
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