Christopher J. Madsen > Tie-CPHash > Tie::CPHash

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Module Version: 2.000   Source  

NAME ^

Tie::CPHash - Case preserving but case insensitive hash table

VERSION ^

This document describes version 2.000 of Tie::CPHash, released January 17, 2015.

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Tie::CPHash 2; # allows initialization during tie
    tie %cphash, 'Tie::CPHash', key => 'value';

    $cphash{'Hello World'} = 'Hi there!';
    printf("The key `%s' was used to store `%s'.\n",
           tied(%cphash)->key('HELLO WORLD'),
           $cphash{'HELLO world'});

DESCRIPTION ^

The Tie::CPHash module provides a hash table that is case preserving but case insensitive. This means that

    $cphash{KEY}    $cphash{key}
    $cphash{Key}    $cphash{keY}

all refer to the same entry. Also, the hash remembers which form of the key was last used to store the entry. The keys and each functions will return the key that was used to set the value.

An example should make this clear:

    tie %h, 'Tie::CPHash', Hello => 'World';
    print $h{HELLO};            # Prints 'World'
    print keys(%h);             # Prints 'Hello'
    $h{HELLO} = 'WORLD';
    print $h{hello};            # Prints 'WORLD'
    print keys(%h);             # Prints 'HELLO'

Tie::CPHash version 2.000 introduced the ability to pass a list of key => value pairs to initialize the hash (along with the add method that powers it). The list must include a value for each key, or the constructor will croak.

The additional key method lets you fetch the case of a specific key:

    # When run after the previous example, this prints 'HELLO':
    print tied(%h)->key('Hello');

(The tied function returns the object that %h is tied to.)

If you need a case insensitive hash, but don't need to preserve case, just use $hash{lc $key} instead of $hash{$key}. This has a lot less overhead than Tie::CPHash.

use Tie::CPHash; does not export anything into your namespace.

METHODS ^

add

  tied(%h)->add( key => value, ... );
  tied(%h)->add( \@list_of_key_value_pairs );

This method (introduced in version 2.000) adds keys and values to the hash. It's just like

  %h = @list_of_key_value_pairs;

except that it doesn't clear the hash first. It accepts either a list or an arrayref. It croaks if the list has an odd number of entries. It returns the tied hash object.

If the list contains duplicate keys, the last key => value pair in the list wins. (You can't pass a hashref to add because it would be ambiguous which key would win if two keys differed only in case.)

For people used to Tie::IxHash, add is aliased to both Push and Unshift. (Tie::CPHash does not preserve the order of keys.)

key

  $set_using_key = tied(%h)->key( $key )

This method lets you fetch the case of a specific key. For example:

  $h{HELLO} = 'World';
  print tied(%h)->key('Hello'); # prints HELLO

If the key does not exist in the hash, it returns undef.

DIAGNOSTICS ^

Odd number of elements in CPHash add

You passed a list with an odd number of elements to the add method (or to tie, which uses add). The list must contain a value for each key.

CONFIGURATION AND ENVIRONMENT ^

Tie::CPHash requires no configuration files or environment variables.

INCOMPATIBILITIES ^

None reported.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

No bugs have been reported.

AUTHOR ^

Christopher J. Madsen <perl AT cjmweb.net>

Please report any bugs or feature requests to <bug-Tie-CPHash AT rt.cpan.org> or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Bug/Report.html?Queue=Tie-CPHash.

You can follow or contribute to Tie-CPHash's development at https://github.com/madsen/tie-cphash.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

This software is copyright (c) 2015 by Christopher J. Madsen.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY ^

BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENSE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

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