David P.C. Wollmann > Mail-ClamAV-0.29 > Mail::ClamAV

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Module Version: 0.29   Source   Latest Release: Mail-ClamAV-0.29_1

NAME ^

Mail::ClamAV - Perl extension for the clamav virus scanner

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Mail::ClamAV qw/:all/;


    # $Mail::ClamAV::Error in numeric context return clamav's
    # error status code which corresponds to the constants which
    # can be exported
    my $c = new Mail::ClamAV("/path/to/directory/or/file")
        or die "Failed to load db: $Mail::ClamAV::Error (", 0+$Mail::;

    # You can get retdbdir() to get the database dir in
    # clamav's conf
    my $c = new Mail::ClamAV(retdbdir())
        or die "Failed to load db: $Mail::ClamAV::Error";

    # When database is loaded, you must create the proper trie with:
    $c->build or die "Failed to build engine: $Mail::ClamAV::Error";

    # check to see if we need to reload
    if ($c->statchkdir) {
        $c = new Mail::ClamAV(retdbdir());
        $c->build or die "Failed to build engine: $Mail::ClamAV::Error";
    }

    # Set some limits (only applies to scan())
    $c->maxreclevel(4);
    $c->maxfiles(20);
    $c->maxfilesize(1024 * 1024 * 20); # 20 megs

    # Scan a filehandle (scandesc in clamav)
    # scan(FileHandle or path, Bitfield of options)
    my $status = $c->scan(FH, CL_SCAN_ARCHIVE|CL_SCAN_MAIL);

    # Scan a file (scanfile in clamav)
    my $status = $c->scan("/path/to/file.eml", CL_SCAN_MAIL);

    # $status is an overloaded object
    die "Failed to scan: $status" unless $status;
    if ($status->virus) {
        print "Message is a virus: $status\n";
    }
    else {
        print "No virus found!\n";
    }

DESCRIPTION ^

Clam AntiVirus is an anti-virus toolkit for UNIX http://www.clamav.com/. This module provide a simple interface to its C API.

EXPORT

None by default.

Exportable constants

Options for scanning.

CL_SCAN_STDOPT

This is an alias for a recommended set of scan options. You should use it to make your software ready for new features in the future versions of libclamav.

CL_SCAN_RAW

Use it alone if you want to disable support for special files.

CL_SCAN_ARCHIVE

This flag enables transparent scanning of various archive formats.

CL_SCAN_BLOCKENCRYPTED

With this flag the library will mark encrypted archives as viruses (Encrypted.Zip, Encrypted.RAR).

CL_SCAN_BLOCKMAX

Mark archives as viruses if maxfiles, maxfilesize, or maxreclevel limit is reached.

CL_SCAN_MAIL

Enable support for mail files.

CL_SCAN_MAILURL

The mail scanner will download and scan URLs listed in a mail body. This flag should not be used on loaded servers. Due to potential problems please do not enable it by default but make it optional.

CL_SCAN_OLE2

Enables support for OLE2 containers (used by MS Office and .msi files).

CL_SCAN_PE

This flag enables deep scanning of Portable Executable files and allows libclamav to unpack executables compressed with run-time unpackers.

CL_SCAN_ELF

Enable support for ELF files.

CL_SCAN_BLOCKBROKEN

libclamav will try to detect broken executables and mark them as Broken.Executable.

CL_SCAN_HTML

This flag enables HTML normalisation (including ScrEnc decryption).

CL_SCAN_ALGORITHMIC

Enable algorithmic detection of viruses.

CL_SCAN_PHISHING_DOMAINLIST

With a minor version bump clamav development team removed this and broke backwards compatibility, so it is no longer supported in this module as of 0.22.

CL_SCAN_PHISHING_BLOCKSSL

Phishing module: always block SSL mismatches in URLs.

CL_SCAN_PHISHING_BLOCKCLOAK

Phishing module: always block cloaked URLs.

Status returns. You can get the status code by putting the status object returned into into numeric context.

    my $status = $c->scan("foo.txt");
    print "Status: ", ($status + 0), "\n";

The following are returned statuses if no error occured.

CL_CLEAN

no viruses found

CL_VIRUS

virus found, put the status in scalar context to see the type

Error statuses

CL_EMAXREC

recursion limit exceeded

CL_EMAXSIZE

size limit exceeded

CL_EMAXFILES

files limit exceeded

CL_EACCES

access denied

CL_ENULLARG

null argument

CL_ETMPFILE

tmpfile() failed

CL_EMEM

memory allocation error

CL_EOPEN

file open error

CL_EMALFDB

malformed database

CL_ETMPDIR

mkdir() failed

CL_ECVD

not a CVD file (or broken)

CL_EFORMAT

bad format or broken file

CL_ENCINIT

NodalCore initialization failed

CL_ENCLOAD

error loading NodalCore database

CL_ENCIO

general NodalCore I/O error

Exportable functions

These function can be exported either individually or using the :all export flags

retdbdir

This function returns the path to the database directory specified when clamav was compiled.

METHODS ^

Settings

NOTE These settings only apply to scan() and archives (CL_SCAN_ARCHIVE).

maxreclevel

Sets the maximum recursion level into archives [default 5].

maxmailrec

With a minor version bump clamav development team removed this and broke backwards compatibility, so it is no longer supported in this module as of 0.22.

maxfiles

Maximum number of files that will be scanned [default 1000]. A value of zero disables the check.

maxfilesize

Maximum file size that will be scanned in bytes [default 10M]. A value of zero disables the check.

maxratio

With a minor version bump clamav development team removed this and broke backwards compatibility, so it is no longer supported in this module as of 0.22.

Scanning

All of these methods return a status object. This object is overloaded to make things cleaner. In boolean context this will return false if there was an error. For example: my $status = $c->scan("foo.txt"); die "Error scanning: $status" unless $status;

As you probably just noticed, $status in scalar context returns the error message. In addition to the overloading you just saw, $status has the following methods:

errno

The numeric value (if any) clamav returned.

clean

This will be true if the message was not a virus and an error did not occur.

virus

Returns true if the message is a virus.

error

Return the error message (if any). This is the same thing as quoting $status.

count

Returns the number of messages scanned. Only works with archives.

scan(FileHandle or Path, Bitfield of options)

scan() takes a FileHanle or path and passed the file descriptor for that off to clamav. The second argument is a bitfield of options, CL_SCAN_MAIL, CL_SCAN_ARCHIVE or CL_SCAN_RAW "Exportable constants".

This function returns the status object discussed earlier.

Note that if you are running in taint mode (-T) and a tainted path is passed to scan(), it will croak().

scanbuff($buff)

This function was taken out of ClamAV in 0.90 and was thus taken out of Mail::ClamAV.

Data Directory stats

If the path passed into new() is a directory Mail::ClamAV will set things up to check for updated database files. Calling the statchkdir() will check the database directory to the stats we have in memory. If anything has changed true is returned, otherwise false.

NOTE: trying to use statchkdir() when you passed in a database file instead of directory will produce a fatal error.

statchkdir() is useful for long running daemons that need to check to see if it is time to reload the database. Reloading is simply getting a new Mail::ClamAV object and initializing it.

SEE ALSO ^

The ClamAV API documentation http://www.clamav.net/doc/html-0.65/node44.html

AUTHOR ^

David P.C. Wollmann <converter42@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE ^

Copyright (C) 2003 by Gossamer Threads Inc. http://www.gossamer-threads.com

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.8.1 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.

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