Yo-An Lin (林佑安) > I18N-Handle-0.051 > I18N::Handle

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NAME ^

I18N::Handle - A common i18n handler for web frameworks and applications.

DESCRIPTION ^

***THIS MODULE IS STILL IN DEVELOPMENT***

I18N::Handle is a common handler for web frameworks and applications.

I18N::Handle also provides exporting a global loc function to make localization, the default loc function name is "_". To change the exporting loc function name , please use loc option.

The difference between I18N::Handle and Locale::Maketext is that I18N::Handle automatically does most things for you, and it provides simple API like speak, can_speak instead of get_handle, languages.

To generate po/mo files, App::I18N is an utility for this, App::I18N is a command-line tool for parsing, exporting, managing, editing, translating i18n messages. See also App::I18N.

SYNOPSIS ^

Ideas are welcome. just drop me a line.

option import takes the same arguments as Locale::Maketext::Lexicon takes. it's language => [ format => source ].

    use I18N::Handle;
    my $hl = I18N::Handle->new( 
                import => {
                        en => [ Gettext => 'po/en.po' ],
                        fr => [ Gettext => 'po/fr.po' ],
                        ja => [ Gettext => 'po/ja.po' ],
                })->accept( qw(en fr) )->speak( 'en' );

Or a simple way to import gettext po files: This will transform the args to the args that import option takes:

    use I18N::Handle;
    my $hl = I18N::Handle->new( 
                Gettext => {
                        en => 'po/en.po',
                        fr => 'po/fr.po',
                        ja => [ 'po/ja.po' , 'po2/ja.po' ],
                })->accept( qw(en fr) )->speak( 'en' );


    print _('Hello world');

    $hl->speak( 'fr' );
    $hl->speak( 'ja' );
    $hl->speaking;  # return 'ja'

    my @langs = $hl->can_speak();  # return 'en', 'fr', 'ja'

OPTIONS ^

format => { language => source , ... }

Format could be Gettext | Msgcat | Slurp | Tie.

    use I18N::Handle;
    my $hl = I18N::Handle->new( 
                Gettext => {
                        en => 'po/en.po',
                        fr => 'po/fr.po',
                        ja => [ 'po/ja.po' , 'po2/ja.po' ],
                });
    $hl->speak( 'en' );
po => 'path' | [ path1 , path2 ]

Suppose you have these files:

    po/en.po
    po/zh_TW.po

When using:

    I18N::Handle->new( po => 'po' );

will be found. can you can get these langauges:

    [ en , zh-tw ]
locale => 'path' | [ path1 , path2 ]
import => Arguments to Locale::Maketext::Lexicon

OPTIONAL OPTIONS ^

no_global_loc => bool

Do not install global locale method "_".

style => style ... (Optional)

The style could be gettext.

loc => global loc function name (Optional)

The default global loc function name is _.

    loc => 'loc'
loc_func => CodeRef (Optional)

Use a custom global localization function instead of default localization function.

    loc_func => sub {
            my ($self,$lang_handle) = @_;

            ...

            return $text;
    }

USE CASES ^

Handling po files

    $hl = I18N::Handle->new( 
            po => 'path/to/po',
            style => 'gettext'          # use gettext style format (default)
                )->speak( 'en' );

    print _('Hello world');

Handling locale

If you need to bind the locale directory structure like this:

    path/to/locale/en/LC_MESSAGES/app.po
    path/to/locale/en/LC_MESSAGES/app.mo
    path/to/locale/zh_tw/LC_MESSAGES/app.po
    path/to/locale/zh_tw/LC_MESSAGES/app.mo

You can just pass the locale option:

    $hl = I18N::Handle->new(
            locale => 'path/to/locale'
            )->speak( 'en_US' );

or just use import:

    $hl = I18N::Handle->new( 
            import => { '*' => 'locale/*/LC_MESSAGES/hello.mo'  } );

Handling json files

not implemented yet

Ensure you have json files:

    json/en.json
    json/fr.json
    json/ja.json

Then specify the json option:

    $hl = I18N::Handle->new( json => 'json' );

Singleton

If you need a singleton I18N::Handle, this is a helper function to return the singleton object:

    $hl = I18N::Handle->singleton( locale => 'path/to/locale' );

In your applications, might be like this:

    sub get_i18n {
        my $class = shift;
        return I18N::Handle->singleton( ... options ... )
    }

Connect to a remote i18n server

not implemented yet

Connect to a translation server:

    $handle = I18N::Handle->new( 
            server => 'translate.me' )->speak( 'en_US' );

Binding with database

not implemented yet

Connect to a database:

    $handle = I18N::Handle->new(
            dsn => 'DBI:mysql:database=$database;host=$hostname;port=$port;'
            );

Binding with Google translation service

not implemented yet

Connect to google translation:

    $handle = I18N::Handle->new( google => "" );

Exporting loc function to Text::Xslate

    my $tx = Text::Xslate->new( 
        path => ['templates'], 
        cache_dir => ".xslate_cache", 
        cache => 1,
        function => { "_" => \&_ } );

Then you can use _ function inside your Text::Xslate templates:

    <: _('Hello') :>

PUBLIC METHODS ^

new

singleton( options )

If you need a singleton I18N::Handle, this is a helper function to return the singleton object.

speak( language )

setup current language. language, can be en, fr and so on..

speaking()

get current speaking language name.

can_speak()

return a list that currently supported.

accept( language name list )

setup accept languages.

    $hl->accpet( qw(en fr) );

fallback( language )

setup fallback language. when speak() fails , fallback to this language.

    $hl->fallback( 'en' );

PRIVATE METHODS ^

_unify_langtag

_scan_po_files

_scan_locale_files

AUTHOR ^

Yoan Lin <cornelius.howl {at} gmail.com>

SEE ALSO ^

App::I18N

LICENSE ^

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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